The blockchain standardization process is accelerating.
On July 19th, at the launch conference of the 2019 Blockchain Technology and Application Summit and the 3rd China Blockchain Development Competition, the Guide to Blockchain Privacy Calculation Service proposed by China Blockchain Technology and Industry Development Forum Two blockchain group standards were officially released with the Guide to Blockchain Cross-Chain Implementation.
The drafting of the "Blockchain Privacy Calculation Service Guide" and the "Blockchain Cross-chain Implementation Guide" are drafted by Wanxiang Blockchain, Matrix Element, Electronic Technology Standardization Research Institute, Weizhong Bank, Zhongan Technology, etc. More than 10 companies and research institutions.
The "Blockchain Privacy Computing Service Guide" standard specifies blockchain privacy computing services, including blockchain privacy computing service principles and related parties, technical frameworks, and service management. The standard applies to:
a) guide the development of blockchain privacy computing services;
b) assessing the blockchain privacy calculation service capabilities of the relevant parties;
c) assess the applicability of the blockchain privacy calculation service to the organization;
d) Audit blockchain privacy computing service security and compliance.
(blockchain privacy computing service technology framework)
The "Chapter Chain Cross-Chain Implementation Guide" standard specifies the implementation guide for blockchain cross-chain, and provides application construction, application operation, application evaluation and implementation improvement process for cross-chain implementation, including:
a) Cross-chain application building including cross-chain application design and cross-chain application development;
b) cross-chain application operations including deployment, triggering, execution, maintenance, and abolition;
c) Cross-chain application evaluation including security audit and quality assessment;
d) Cross-chain implementation improvements include improvements to application builds and operations.
(cross-chain implementation framework)
Standardization paves the way for industrialization
Li Ming, director of the Research Office of China Electronics Technology Standardization Research Institute, pointed out that the so-called blockchain industry has not been formed at present because the technology forming industry must first be transformed into services, but the services currently provided by blockchain technology are imperfect. It needs to be integrated with other next-generation technologies to form a business closed loop. In this process, the standardization work is to reach a unified consensus on the concept, technology, application and ecology of the blockchain to guide the development of the industry.
At present, people can't even reach a consensus on the definition of blockchain.
"Give a paper to everyone in the room and let you write out what the blockchain is. There are an estimated hundred explanations."
Therefore, in this release of the "Blockchain Privacy Computing Service Guide", the definition of blockchain is deliberately explained:
Blockchain is a mode of implementing and managing transaction processing by constructing unblockable, non-tamperable and traceable blockchain data structures through opaque and trusted rules in a peer-to-peer network environment.
However, one standard does not solve all the problems. Li Ming takes the standard of the “Chapter Chain Cross-chain Implementation Guide” as an example. The standard only solves the process of cross-chain deployment and does not solve all the problems of cross-chain. Therefore, in the future, the key technologies of cross-chain, the overall structure of cross-chain, the implementation method of cross-chain, and the evaluation method of cross-chain, each of the above standardized objects will have standardized ways of different dimensions.
Since 2017, China's blockchain technology and industry development forum has successively released seven blockchain group standards, from concept classification to key technology to application level, and continue to promote standardized layout. Li Ming hopes to create more blockchain applications through these standards. The application of blockchain applications into different blockchain ecosystems will lead to the formation of large-scale industries. This is the true value of standards.
19 years of 19 group standards released, blockchain standardization accelerated
At present, according to the incomplete statistics of Babbitt, the number of domestic blockchain group standards has reached 19.
The number ranges from a blank in 2016 to two in 2017, nine in 2018, and eight in 2019.
The proposed unit is from the beginning of the family, to the back of the hundred flowers.
It is obvious that the group standard for blockchain is being accelerated.
In fact, standards have different classifications.
According to the "Standardization Law of the People's Republic of China (2017 Revision)", which came into effect on January 1, 2018, the standards include national standards, industry standards, local standards, group standards, and enterprise standards.
Group standards are jointly formulated by social groups such as associations, associations, chambers of commerce, federations, and industrial technology alliances. The state supports the development of group standards for important industries, strategic emerging industries, and key common technologies.
In December 2016, the State Council issued the "13th Five-Year National Informationization Plan". In strengthening the advanced layout of strategic frontier technology, it was clearly proposed to strengthen the research and development and frontier layout of new technologies such as blockchain, and accelerate the next generation of information technology. Relevant standard setting and patent layout.
Combined with the above factors, it is not difficult to see why the blockchain group standards have accelerated after 2016.
The current blockchain development is still in the early stage. There is no shortage of people in the industry who question whether it is too early to standardize, and even if the standard comes out, will anyone use it.
This kind of worry is not unreasonable. Before the China Blockchain Technology and Industry Development Forum released the "Blockchain Data Format Specification", the universal blockchain CTO Luo Rongge once said that standardization and diversification are actually double-edged swords. . If standards are prematurely involved, it may cause the industry and the public to be constrained by inappropriate solutions that stifle innovation. But if it is too late, you may miss the opportunity to maximize technical benefits.
Li Ming pointed out that "the role of standardization is actually to summarize the previous practices and guide the development behind." Therefore, China's blockchain technology and industrial development forums jointly use "politics, industry, research and research". Party forces, guided by standards, through the evaluation and development of competitions, the form of incubators continue to promote the formation and benign development of the blockchain industry.
From the members of China Blockchain Technology and Industry Development Forum, including Wanxiang Blockchain, Weizhong Bank, Ping An Insurance, Zhongan Technology, Anne Shares, Jingdong Digital, Baidu, Tencent and other industry leaders, I believe The promotion of blockchain standardization in the whole industry can also play an important role in promoting.