On July 30th, CCID Global Public Chain Technology Evaluation Index Released and Blockchain Technology Forum was held in Beijing. In this forum, Mutual Chain Pulse and CCID Blockchain Research Institute released the "2019 China Blockchain Industrial Park Development Report" (hereinafter referred to as "Report").
In this report, Mutual Chain Pulse and CCID Block Chain Research Institute conducted detailed research on nearly 20 mainstream blockchain industrial parks in China, and developed multiple dimensions from the park's development environment, core competitiveness and park operation mode. In-depth discussion of the current development status and future development trend of the blockchain industrial park. (Click to download: full report )
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The establishment time of Bacheng Industrial Park is less than two years and more than half of it is concentrated in Shanghai, Hangzhou and Guangzhou.
In recent years, driven by national policies, capital and market troika, the number of blockchain industrial parks in various regions in China has grown rapidly.
According to the report, as of May 2019, there were 22 blockchain industrial parks established nationwide. From the establishment time, 80% of the blockchain industrial parks were established no more than two years, and the coastal city blockchain industrial parks accounted for more than 60%.
From the perspective of geographical division, the national blockchain industrial parks are mainly concentrated in East China and South China. Among them, Zhejiang Province and Guangdong Province each have four blockchain industrial parks, ranking the first among the national blockchain industrial parks.
From the perspective of urban distribution, Hangzhou, Guangzhou, and Shanghai have the largest number, and the number of blockchain industrial parks in the three major cities accounts for more than 50% of the country. In other words, more than half of the blockchain industrial parks are concentrated in these three major cities.
China Merchants is polarized and over 30% of the park's vacancy rate is higher than 50%
Although the development of the domestic blockchain industrial park has blossomed everywhere, the actual investment situation of the local parks has shown a trend of polarization.
On the one hand, the main blockchain industrial parks in Guangzhou, Qingdao, Hangzhou and Shanghai have made rapid progress in attracting investment, and the average occupancy rate of the park is over 60%. On the other hand, the chain chain industrial park in Chongqing Chain Island and Hunan Xingsha District The progress of investment in the mainland parks represented by the Wuhan Blockchain Industrial Park is not satisfactory.
On the other hand, the current vacancy rate of the domestic blockchain industrial park is relatively high, especially in the industrial parks in the inland areas. Due to the lack of industrial base and scientific research advantages, it is more difficult to attract investment.
Mutual chain pulse survey data show that as of May 2019, 30% of the domestic blockchain industrial parks have a vacancy rate of more than 50%, and nearly 50% of the parks have a vacancy rate of 30%-50%, and the vacancy rate is lower than 30% of the parks are only 20%.
The single profit model mainly relies on government subsidies and venue leasing.
From the perspective of profit model, the current profit model of most blockchain industrial parks is relatively simple and single. The main sources of profit include government subsidies, rents, property management and equity investment, especially the previous dependence on government subsidies.
Mutual chain pulse survey data shows that at present, more than 70% of blockchain industrial parks rely mainly on government subsidies, more than 60% of the park's main profit sources rely on site leasing, and 50% of the park's main profit methods rely on equity investment and property management. .
Blockchain Industrial Park Comprehensive Competitiveness Ranking
It is worth noting that this report also carried out the comprehensive competitiveness evaluation of China's blockchain industrial park in 2019, and based on the assessment results, divided the current domestic blockchain industrial park into three echelons:
The scores of the comprehensive competitiveness of each park in the first echelon were all above 95. The Hangzhou Chain Block Industrial Park, the Guangzhou Antmi Blockchain maker space and the Shanghai Blockchain Technology Innovation and Industrialization Base scored more than 100 points. The scores of the comprehensive competitiveness of the second echelon parks are between 90-95, still in the industrial parks of coastal cities such as Shanghai, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Guangzhou and Qingdao; the third echelon's comprehensive competitiveness score is below 90, the echelon The blockchain industrial parks are concentrated in inland cities such as Chongqing, Changsha, Wuhan and Zhangzhou, and a few industrial parks are concentrated in coastal cities.
Overall, the gap between the first echelon and the second echelon is not large, but there is a large development gap between the development of the third echelon.
China's blockchain industrial park faces three major trends
Finally, the report also pointed out that the current development of China's blockchain industrial park faces three major development trends:
First, the industrial development is uneven, and the gap between the three echelons is further widened. Due to the uneven development of industrial bases between developed coastal cities and inland cities, there is still a big gap in the development of various blockchain industrial parks. In the future, with the accelerated development of blockchains in coastal developed cities, the imbalance of industrial development will be more serious, and the gap between the first, second and third echelons will further widen, and the development of blockchain industrial parks will be polarized. Development trend.
Second, the surplus of industrial parks has intensified the phenomenon of “hollowing”. At present, the development of blockchain industrial parks is still showing a rising trend. In addition to the existing 22 blockchain industrial parks, cities such as Fuzhou and Wenzhou are still planning to build blockchain-related industrial parks. However, from the current development status, most of the current blockchain industrial park enterprises are not ideal, and the vacancy rate is relatively high. With the introduction of more regional planning, the blockchain industrial park will face an excess situation. The phenomenon is worthy of vigilance.
Third, the development of blockchain industrial parks will be differentiated. At this stage, although the blockchain industrial park has blossomed everywhere, the homogenization phenomenon is very serious, and the agglomeration effect of the industrial park is not obvious. Mutual chain pulse found in the survey that a few industrial parks are combining local industrial structure, focusing on building block test areas of blockchain + finance, government affairs, and traceability as their respective themes, and actively exploring differentiated and distinctive development routes.