Blockchain Weekly | China's central bank digital currency "calls out", the global digital currency "race" opens

Summary

Event: This week, the market continued to fluctuate. On August 10, Mu Changchun, deputy director of the Payment and Settlement Department of the People's Bank of China, summarized the design ideas and framework of the central bank's legal digital currency at the China Financial Forty Forum. The Central Bank of China and regulators have all launched digital currency promotion efforts to open the global digital currency "race."

Central bank officials talk about legal digital currency, and three types of blockchain institutions are expected to benefit. On August 10, Mu Changchun, deputy director of the Payment and Settlement Department of the People's Bank of China (hereinafter referred to as the “Central Bank”), proposed at the China Financial Forty Forum that the research on the central bank's digital currency has been going on for five years, and the relevant personnel have started since last year. The 996 development related system, "it can be said that it is ready to go out." He summarized the design ideas and structure of China's central bank's legal digital currency (DC/EP), including positioning, DC/EP is an alternative to M0: DC/EP focuses on the replacement of M0 (banknotes and coins), not M1 , M2, and can load smart contracts that facilitate the performance of monetary functions.

The three types of blockchain institutions may benefit from the research and development of the central bank's digital currency . According to Zhou Xiaochuan, former president of the central bank, Yao Qian, former director of the Central Bank Digital Currency Research Institute, and Wang Xinhe, director of the Research Bureau of the People's Bank of China and the director of the Monetary and Financial Bureau, and his speeches, a possible central bank digital currency (hereinafter referred to as "CBDC" "or" DC/EP") The framework for R&D is gradually revealed: The Central Bank Digital Money Research Institute is co-organizing distributed R&D with the industry, relying on the way of cooperating with the market to develop digital currency; the preliminary definition of China's legal digital currency is dominated by the central bank. The digital currency based on the encryption algorithm is issued while maintaining the physical cash issuance, that is, part of M0 is composed of digital currency; China’s central bank digital currency may adopt the “one currency, two banks and three centers” structure; the blockchain is expected to be applied to The registration, circulation, inventory check and demise of China's legal digital currency are registered in the whole process to establish a centralized bookkeeping center with centralized distribution. We believe that at least the following institutions may benefit from the development of PBC digital currency: (1) market and technical institutions that develop digital currency along with the central bank's digital currency research institute; (2) big data analytics organizations; and (3) data security, identity Certification service agencies, etc.

Start the global digital currency competition with China and the United States as the head: On the one hand, the major countries have accelerated the pace of legislative supervision, and on the other hand, they are competing for the leadership of the upcoming digital currency era. The blockchain industry faces unprecedented developments and market opportunities.

Last week's market review: Chainext CSI 100 decreased by 9.06%, and the Chinese entertainment social class in the segment was the best. From the perspective of the segment, the pure currency performance is slightly better than the Chainext CSI 100 average of 2.71%, payment transactions, Internet of Things & Traceability, Entertainment Social, Business Finance, Foundation Enhancement, Foundation Chain, Storage & Computing, AI Sector The performance of the sector was inferior to the Chainext CSI 100 average of 2.71%. Payment transactions, IoT & traceability, entertainment social, commercial finance, foundation enhancement, infrastructure chain, storage & computing, and AI sector performance were inferior to the Chainext CSI 100 average. -2.26%, -5.76%, -8.01%, -12.28%, -6.22%, -4.2%, -11.62%,

-1.42%

risk warning: Regulatory policy uncertainty, project technology progress and application fall short of expectations, and cryptocurrency-related risk events occur.

1. Hotspot tracking: China’s central bank’s digital currency “calls out”, the global digital currency “race” opens

This week, the market continued to fluctuate. Event: On August 10, Mu Changchun, deputy director of the Payment and Settlement Department of the People's Bank of China, summed up the design ideas and framework of the central bank's legal digital currency at the China Financial Forty Forum. The Central Bank of China and regulators have all launched digital currency promotion efforts to open the global digital currency "race."

Central bank officials talk about legal digital currency, and three types of blockchain institutions are expected to benefit. On August 10, Mu Changchun, deputy director of the Payment and Settlement Department of the People's Bank of China (hereinafter referred to as the “Central Bank”), proposed at the China Financial Forty Forum that the research on the central bank's digital currency has been going on for five years, and the relevant personnel have started since last year. The 996 development related system, "it can be said that it is ready to go out." He summarized the design ideas and structure of China's central bank's legal digital currency (DC/EP):

(1) Positioning, DC/EP is an alternative to M0: DC/EP focuses on the substitution of M0 (banknotes and coins) instead of M1, M2;

(2) In terms of technology selection, the blockchain is expected to be selected: the pure blockchain architecture cannot achieve the high concurrency performance required by retail (at least 300,000 pens per second), and the central bank maintains technology neutrality without prior technical routes. Not necessarily dependent on a certain technical route.

(3) Operating system, DC/EP adopts the two-tier structure of “central bank-commercial bank”: Compared with the single-layer operation that directly issues digital currency to the public, the central bank will adopt “first convert digital currency to bank or other The two-tier operating system of the operating agencies, which are then exchanged for the public.

(4) In the management mode, DC/EP is still centrally managed by the central bank. The designated operator that can exchange currency is not over-issued.

(5) DC/EP can load smart contracts that facilitate the performance of monetary functions.

The central bank’s research and development of digital currency has continued. Since 2014, the central bank has been active in digital currency research and development. They include at least the following aspects: (1) Specially proposed “central bank digital currency” in the above two working conferences, and deployed relevant work; (2) set up special Digital Money Research Institute, the institute also initiated the establishment of a wholly-owned Shenzhen Financial Technology Company; (3) actively applied for relevant patents, the State Intellectual Property Office patent inquiry system showed that as of August 4, 2019, the central bank’s digital currency research A total of 74 patents involving digital currency were applied; (4) The pilot application scenario of using the digital ticket trading platform as a legal digital currency was determined, and relevant tests and trial runs were completed.

The three types of blockchain institutions may benefit from the research and development of the central bank's digital currency . According to Zhou Xiaochuan, former president of the central bank, Yao Qian, former director of the Central Bank Digital Currency Research Institute, and Wang Xinhe, director of the Research Bureau of the People's Bank of China and the director of the Monetary and Financial Bureau, and his speeches, a possible central bank digital currency (hereinafter referred to as "CBDC" "or" DC/EP") The framework for R&D is gradually revealed: The Central Bank Digital Money Research Institute is co-organizing distributed R&D with the industry, relying on the way of cooperating with the market to develop digital currency; the preliminary definition of China's legal digital currency is dominated by the central bank. The digital currency based on the encryption algorithm is issued while maintaining the physical cash issuance, that is, part of M0 is composed of digital currency; China’s central bank digital currency may adopt the “one currency, two banks and three centers” structure; the blockchain is expected to be applied to The registration, circulation, inventory check and demise of China's legal digital currency are registered in the whole process to establish a centralized bookkeeping center with centralized distribution. We believe that at least the following institutions may benefit from the development of PBC digital currency: (1) market and technical institutions that develop digital currency along with the central bank's digital currency research institute; (2) big data analytics organizations; and (3) data security, identity Certification service agencies, etc.

Starting with China and the United States to start the digital currency competition of the world's major powers: On the one hand, the major countries have accelerated the pace of legislative supervision, and on the other hand, they are competing for the leadership of the upcoming digital currency era. The blockchain industry faces unprecedented developments and market opportunities.

2. Relevant news from governments: SWIFT, the cryptographic asset office led by the Ministry of Finance of Japan, is designed to operate within a few years.

The SWIFT, a cryptographic asset version led by the Japanese Ministry of Finance, is designed to operate within a few years. A project plan for "Encrypted Assets SWIFT" led by the Japanese Ministry of Finance was approved in June with the goal of running within a few years. The participating countries will be led by 15 major countries, including Japan, the United States and seven major countries in Europe (G7), and the Japanese Finance and Financial Services Authority will lead the new system. If the new system is enabled, it will not only prevent money laundering, but also use encrypted assets as one of the means of settlement on a global scale. The encrypted asset version "SWIFT" is a system that was proposed as a response to the V20's FATF guidance.

The Governor of New Jersey of the United States signed a bill to establish a blockchain special operations group. The US state of New Jersey official website recently announced that the state governor Phil Murphy recently signed a codenamed S2297, will set up the New Jersey Blockchain Initiative Task Force, which will release its first research report 180 days after its establishment, including the state government The costs and benefits of blockchain technology and recommendations for implementing these solutions. The above action group aims to study blockchain solutions that benefit the state, and will study the risks and rewards associated with blockchain and distributed ledger technology, blockchain public chains, private chain and formula algorithms, current projects, and global use cases. The global use case and its potential in New Jersey, and how the law may change in order to achieve safe paperless record keeping.

3. Industry chain related dynamics: BTC completion income increased by 6.8%

(The following source website data is updated to August 10)

Last week, BTC added 2.36 million new transactions, up 2.1% from the previous month; ETH added 4.81 million new transactions, a decrease of 5.3% from the previous month.

Last week, BTC miners' average daily income was US$22.61 million, up 9.0% from the previous month; ETH miners' average daily income was US$3.09 million, up 2.3% from the previous month.

Last week, BTC's average daily computing power reached 74.3EH/s, up 1.8% from the previous month; ETH's daily average computing power reached 183TH/s, up 3.8% from the previous month.

Last week, the difficulty of mining the whole network of BTC was 9.99T, up 9.1% from the previous month; the next difficulty adjustment date was on August 18th, the estimated difficulty value was 10.78T, and the difficulty increased by 7.93%; the average mining difficulty of ETH whole network last week was 2.3T, a 3.7% increase from the previous month.

4. Last week's market review: Chainext CSI 100 rose by 11.02%, and the pure currency in the segment was the best.

We introduce the professional index product of the token market, the Chainext CSI series index, in which the CSI 100 index [1] represents the overall trend of the market; the CSI 5 index [2] represents the trend of the market oversized currencies; the CSI 21-100 index [3] Represents the trend of small caps in the market. Last week, the market volatility was adjusted back. As of last Sunday (August 10th), the Chainext CSI 100 index was 989.32, up 0.48% from the previous week, and the total volume of 24 hours on Sunday was 10.228 billion US dollars; among them, the global average price of BTC It was US$11,523.58, up 3.2% from the previous period; the global average price of ETH was US$216.09, down 3.86% from the previous period.

From the perspective of the segment, the pure currency performance is slightly better than the Chainext CSI 100 average of 2.71%, payment transactions, Internet of Things & Traceability, Entertainment Social, Business Finance, Foundation Enhancement, Foundation Chain, Storage & Computing, AI Sector The performance of the sector was inferior to the Chainext CSI 100 average of -2.26%, -5.76%, -8.01%, -12.28%, -6.22%, -4.2%, -11.62%, -1.42%.

risk warning

  1. Regulatory policy uncertainty;
  2. The technical progress and application of the project fell below expectations;
  3. A cryptocurrency-related risk event occurs.