Editor's Note: The original title is "The Chinese Government's Blockchain "Shopping List""
The government and the encryption world are difficult to divide. They not only grasp the trend of this field with extremely fast learning ability, but also introduce relevant legal policies to define the boundaries and guidelines of the industry. At the same time, they will directly purchase blockchain related services and borrow the market hand. To influence this industry.
Based on the fact that the US government has presented the purchase of relevant services related to the US government blockchain, PANews searched and compiled the first in the “Chinese Government Procurement Network/Chinese Government Purchase Service Information Platform” with the word “blockchain” as the key word. The purchase of blockchain-related services at all levels of government and institutions in China from December 12, 2016 to September 24, 2019.
57 purchasing units involved 12 provinces and cities
In this 154 search results, the items in the status of “defect/flow mark” were removed, and after the partial announcement of the repeated items, a total of 57 items of “winning/dealing/bidding” status were recorded. There are 48 projects in the "winning bid / deal" status.
From the project classification point of view, PANews divided 57 projects into 7 sub-categories according to the nature of the purchasing unit and the project description: education, scientific research, financial finance, exit and entry, transportation, employment and entrepreneurship, service, agriculture, farmers, cyber security, Social security, health care. The respective numbers and percentages can be found in the following figure:
From the level of purchasing units, local governments and institutions occupy an absolute majority, 39 accounts for about 68%, and 18 governments at central government and institutions account for about 32%.
Judging from the geographical distribution of purchasing units, 57 purchasing units involved 12 provinces and municipalities directly under the Central Government: Beijing, Guangdong, Gansu, Guangxi, Yunnan, Shandong, Henan, Sichuan, Jilin, Shanghai, Heilongjiang and Hubei. Since most of the central-level units are in Beijing, the procurement in Beijing is the most, with 24 totaling 43.64%, followed by Guangdong with a total of 14.55%.
In terms of the amount involved, PANews divided it into three parts: the budget, the transaction amount of the project, and the transaction amount of the blockchain part [Note 1]. The total value of the three indicators for the three indicators is: 1.9 billion yuan and 130 million yuan respectively. Yuan and 0.52 billion yuan.
From the value of the purchase amount, the purchase amount of governments and institutions at all levels in China has reached a certain scale. If we look further at the average annual growth rate of each of the three indicators, there will be even more striking situations – they have an average annual growth rate of 453%, 724%, and 1188.5%, respectively.
From the registration place of the winning bidders, the registration places of the 46 winning bidders involve 11 provincial administrative regions: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Sichuan, Shandong, Henan, Guangxi, Hubei, Fujian, Guizhou, the number and percentage of the winning bidders involved in these provinces and municipalities can be seen in the following figure:
Among the 46 winning bidders, a total of 2 units were listed in the first batch of “Domestic Blockchain Information Service Filing List” of the National Internet Information Office, namely Zhejiang Digital Qin Technology Co., Ltd. and Beijing Linkage Advantage Technology Co., Ltd. The main business scenarios of the former are: blockchain + judicial and blockchain + deposit certificate, and the latter's blockchain related business scenarios involve: financial compliance, supply chain, cross-border payment, cross-border trade financial services, real-time wear Through-regulation, data traceability traceability. At the same time, Tencent Cloud Computing (Beijing) Co., Ltd.'s parent group, Shenzhen Tencent Computer Systems Co., Ltd., also obtained the above filing.
Among the many winning bidders, there are some well-known enterprises and institutions, such as Ernst & Young (China) Enterprise Consulting Co., Ltd., one of the four majors, responsible for providing blockchain-related consulting services for the National Customs Information Center; communications and computer fields. The old prestigious Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications – provides technical support for the blockchain in the information security system for China Cyber Security Review Technology and Certification Center; Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. – provides the district's big data action plan for the Beijing Economic and Information Technology Bureau Blockchain related technical support; as the core coordination mechanism of the national network security emergency system – National Computer Network and Information Security Management Center, specifically for its superior unit – Central Network Office / Guoxin Office [Note 2], in the blockchain Support for information content security assessment and blockchain information service filing system construction.
Tsinghua University bought the first order
The maximum purchase amount is 27.08 million
In addition, there are some entries that have caught the attention of PANews.
The relevant publicity of the purchase of blockchain services by governments/institutions at all levels in China first appeared on December 12, 2016, and the procurement unit was Tsinghua University. The procurement project name was “E-commerce transaction technology national engineering laboratory based on blockchain data protection. The procurement project of the system, the procurement budget of the time is 900,000 yuan. This project is also the only blockchain-related project in government/institutional service purchases in 2016.
From the part of the purchase amount directly related to the blockchain, the largest single expenditure occurred on August 7, 2019, with an amount of 27.08 million yuan. The project name is [Haidian District "One Network General Office" platform construction project], the procurement unit is Beijing Haidian District Government Affairs Administration Bureau, which requires suppliers to conduct blockchain application pilots, including blockchain basic operation platform and blockchain business. Support service system, blockchain open forensic system, etc.
Some units have a unique idea of blockchain-related projects. For example, the “Tour Chain Technology-based Guided Tour Service and Tourism Commodity Sales Trusted Platform Project” initiated by the Gansu Provincial Tourism Development Committee has attempted to develop a blockchain + tourism product using blockchain technology and smart contract technology. It mainly builds a credible tourism consumption platform, an online trusted tour guide reservation and service platform. With the maturity of this system, ordinary tourists will not be caught in a strange tourist destination.
Another example is the research and application project of the notifiable electronic lottery technology based on blockchain intelligent contract technology initiated by China Welfare Lottery Issuance Management Center. It grasps the key points of open and transparent blockchain technology and studies the blockchain intelligence. The application and mode of contract technology applied to the electronic lottery system solves the key problem that the current welfare lottery industry electronic lottery system is not fair and unrecognizable. With the advancement of the competent authorities, the "black-box operation" of the Chinese lottery for the long-term criticism of the lottery will disappear into the historical pile of paper.
Comparison of Chinese and American government blockchain service purchases
There are also many government-related purchases in the United States on the other side of the ocean. PANews has authorized the compiled data of The Block to show that the US federal government's purchase spending on blockchain analysis services has tripled over the past three years, amounting to nearly $10 million, or about 70 million yuan. In about the same period of time, the blockchain purchase service expenditures of government agencies and institutions in China were about 200 million yuan, and the average annual increase in transaction volume directly related to the blockchain was about 12 times.
As a result, the Chinese government's demand for blockchain service purchases is even stronger than that of the US, but the overall level of spending may still be far from the US, because the latter only in The Block's statistics. It covers the level of service purchases at the federal level and in the area of blockchain analysis.
From the perspective of the composition of the supply unit, the Chinese side is more traditional units such as Huawei, Tencent, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, or the information technology department of the government; while the United States is basically undertaken by companies growing up in the blockchain world. Government needs, such as Chainalysis, Elliptic.
From the perspective of the distribution of supply units, China's supply units are more dispersed. 57 projects were undertaken by 46 units, and only three units with the highest number of successful bids: Beijing Linkage Advantage Technology Co., Ltd., Beijing Taiji Computer Co., Ltd. and National Computer Network and Information Security Management Center, which were qualified for the bid. The number of words is only three times;
On the other hand, in the United States, its supply units are relatively concentrated. Only one unit of Chainalysis accounts for 92.2% of the total amount of government orders. The remaining amount of less than 8% is controlled by Elliptic, Neutrino, and CiphterTrace. The overall concentration is high and has been formed. A certain monopoly situation.
 The budget, the transaction amount, and the transaction amount of the blockchain. Some of these indicators are not disclosed/provisioned by the Chinese government procurement network. For example, some announcements do not disclose the number of transactions directly related to the blockchain, which will not be included in the statistics. Therefore, the data involved in this statistic does not fully reflect the real situation.
 The Central Network Security and Informatization Committee Office (referred to as the Central Network Information Office) and the National Internet Information Office (referred to as the National Network Information Office, the National Trust Office [Note 1] ), two institutions, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China The direct agency of the committee and the central cybersecurity and informatization committee's office are also named as the State Council's office, and are authorized by the State Council to be responsible for China's Internet content management law enforcement.