People's Network Review "Analysis of Blockchain" 2: How to occupy the commanding heights of innovation

Author: Ye Zhen Zhen

Source: People's Network

In 2018, China has more than 80% of the blockchain patents in the world. However, we should not be too happy. In the basic theory, industrial ecology, and personnel training, our shortcomings have become increasingly prominent.

The Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China recently conducted the eighteenth collective study on the status quo and trends of blockchain technology development. In his study, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that we should take the blockchain as an important breakthrough for independent innovation of core technologies, clarify the main direction, increase investment, focus on a number of key core technologies, and accelerate the promotion of blockchain technology and industrial innovation. development of.

From the technical conception to the reality, the blockchain has increasingly shown the power of enabling industry innovation and boosting economic construction. The speech of the General Secretary fully embodies the central government's accurate grasp of the development status of blockchain technology, and also points out the direction for the development of China's blockchain industry, and demonstrates a far-sighted strategic judgment. Under the background that all countries are actively accelerating the development of blockchain technology, leading cadres at all levels must realize that whoever can seize the commanding heights of blockchain technology innovation will be able to implement the global blockchain field. How to occupy the commanding heights of innovation? We must work from the following four aspects.

To seize the commanding heights of innovation, we must do a good job in the theoretical research of blockchain. The blockchain is currently dominated by industry input, and the participation of universities and research institutions is not high, and the basic theoretical research work has not kept pace with the development of the industry. For example, the current multi-party collaboration costs are high, and for the needs of the industrial Internet, social governance and other fields and rich application scenarios, based on the distributed consensus features of blockchain technology, it provides multi-party peer-to-peer and trust application solutions. Do a good job in the theoretical research of blockchain, provide theoretical guidance for the healthy development of blockchain, and form a positive interaction with the application of blockchain. China's blockchain industry innovation has real stamina.

To seize the commanding heights of innovation, we must realize the autonomy and control of core technologies. The core technology is subject to people is our biggest hidden danger. Lack of in-depth technological innovation, the drawback of relying on “model innovation” on one side has already appeared in the Internet industry. At present, core technologies such as encryption technology and consensus algorithm in blockchain technology mainly come from developed countries. To master the initiative of development and ensure Internet security and national security, we must break through the core technology. It is necessary to promote collaborative research and accelerate the breakthrough of core technologies. In the basic technology, breakthroughs in performance, scalability, privacy, security and other dimensions are still needed to meet the application of ultra-large-scale systems in the future. In the core technology, we must continue to increase investment in research and development, and encourage research in the fields of consensus, password, distributed communication and storage. In the application of the industry, it is necessary to increase the breadth and depth of industry applications.

To seize the commanding heights of innovation, we must build a complete industrial ecological chain. At present, in China, blockchain technology has been widely used in supply chain finance, credit reporting, product traceability, copyright transactions, digital identity, electronic evidence and other fields. As the participating entities continue to grow, it can be said that China has a good foundation for the development of blockchain industry. However, there are also many bottlenecks, such as difficulties in landing large-scale applications and uneven development. How to build a complete industrial ecological chain? Vertically speaking, the development of blockchain technology is inseparable from the protection of market entities' rights and interests, and the improvement of soft environment such as financing environment and government service. Therefore, it is necessary to gather high-quality innovation and entrepreneurial resources to create The path of technological innovation and scene integration accelerates the transformation of scientific and technological achievements with application-driven.

Horizontally speaking, the blockchain itself is the product of multiple technological integration innovations. Its development should deepen the deep integration with artificial intelligence, big data, cloud computing and other technologies, and innovate the technology infrastructure fusion architecture to extend the blockchain technology radius. And the radius of the industry, the possibility of enriching the blockchain. At the same time, we must pay attention to protecting and creating a blockchain innovation environment, and resolutely crack down on illegal and fraudulent acts that defraud the name of “blockchain”, such as pyramid schemes and speculations on various “air coins”.

To seize the commanding heights of innovation, we must build a high-level talent team. As a framework-based innovation technology, the blockchain has a huge demand for compound talents, requiring practitioners to master computer technology, P2P networks, cryptography, consensus mechanisms, smart contracts, etc. Professional technical knowledge. To develop the blockchain, it is necessary to strengthen the construction of the talent team and establish a talent cultivation system from basic research, applied research and development, and industrial integration. On the one hand, we must reform the incentive, evaluation and distribution mechanism of talents, work together to create a free and open environment, allow technicians to freely create and play, and stimulate the vitality of talent innovation; on the other hand, we must introduce international high-end talents. A two-pronged approach can provide more adequate talent support for the development of the blockchain industry.

As General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out, it is necessary to strengthen basic research, enhance the original innovation ability, and strive to let China take the leading position in the emerging field of blockchain, occupy the commanding heights of innovation, and gain new industrial advantages. Only by combining the actual situation of China's blockchain industry development, and exploring innovative achievements with Chinese characteristics, can we open up unlimited space for the development and application of blockchain, and provide a strong impetus for leading China's industrial transformation and economic transformation.