A new round of focus on Sino-US competition: digital economy based on blockchain technology

– "The price is going to skyrocket!"

– "Can you explain to me what is the blockchain? I haven't read it for a long time."

– "We are a food company, how to respond to this wave of calls, how to cut into the blockchain?"

In recent days, it has been very exciting for blockchain practitioners to be boiling, exploding, and not sleeping. It is like a small three-year-old being helped.

On October 25th, the Xinhua News Agency reported on the “good industry” for the future development of blockchain technology and applications. Blockchain practitioners are all gearing up, ready to open a new round of work mode.

The seemingly unpredictable "good industry" is actually natural.

1. The strategy of independent and controllable nationality is greatly reflected, and the road of independent innovation of enterprises continues to burn.

I understand this "good industry" for the future development of blockchain technology and applications as China's confrontation with the United States in the era of contemporary technology development and the digital economy. This is a key event in the development of China's science and technology to connect the world and gradually influence the world. Prior to this, the development of China's science and technology has always lagged behind the United States, both in terms of ideology and actual landing. It is subject to the "US Information Highway Program" implemented in 1993 during the Clinton period. Let's briefly review history.

1. The initial stage of the development of domestic basic software, bumpy

In May 1999, after the US bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Yugoslavia, China’s science and technology field quickly responded. Sun Yafang, the software institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, led the school. On August 10, 1999, the Red Flag of Zhongke was established to make a domestic operating system. Due to the rapid development of open source software and open source technology, the application ecosystem of the operating system is made possible. In the second year, Teacher Sun Yufang led the team to set up the Red Flag Chinese 贰仟 to do the Office software supporting application on the operating system. [It needs to be mentioned here. Although it was 10 years ago, that is, in 1989, ChinaSoft was independently developing the COSIX operating system, but there was no application ecology and industrial chain, and there was almost no market.

That is to say, since 1999, the private technology enterprises around the keyword “domestic” have gradually emerged. Including chips, operating systems, office software, databases, middleware, etc. However, the entire industrial chain still cannot form a closed loop, which causes the application to be blocked and the ordinary people do not accept it. In addition to the company with special feelings. The survival of “domestic” software companies is difficult.

In 2013, driven by the “Prism Gate” incident, the country began to vigorously develop a self-controllable, safe and reliable national strategy under the impetus of the older generation of scientists such as Academician Ni Guangnan.

2. Rapid development of the national strategy of “self-controllable safety and reliability”

As the saying goes, it is only when you are hurt that you know how to cope. The outbreak of the "Prism Gate" incident has aroused the concern of all walks of life in China on cybersecurity. The establishment of the Central Cyber ​​Security and Informatization Leading Group and the introduction of the Information Product Security Review System have raised this concern to an unprecedented level. China's informatization construction has quickly set off a wave of localization.

The national strategy of “self-controllable, safe and reliable” was proposed in 2014. At the same time, a project codenamed Nanfeng No. 1 led by the two offices (Central Office and State Office) was carried out quickly.

The Nanfeng No. 1 project is the entire localization of government information engineering, investing several billion yuan to do the pilot. From domestic servers, domestic CPUs, domestic operating systems, domestic middleware, domestic databases to domestic application software. The enterprises involved include nearly 100 state-owned enterprises, universities, research institutes, integrators, and private enterprises. The first batch of 15 units was piloted, and the second batch had been claimed to be expanded to 100 units.

The advancement of the Nanfeng No. 1 project, the rapid development of the basic software and hardware, although not as good as the United States in terms of performance and ease of use, but absolutely completed the availability.

3. China's communication technology, standards and mobile Internet cornering overtaking

If the basic software and informatization construction is still developing rapidly and is trying to catch up with the world's advanced level. Then, the development of the communications industry and the mobile Internet can be described as a corner overtaking.

In the PC Internet era, the definition of PC and Internet was defined by Americans. This includes chips, operating systems, routers, browsers, Internet architecture, PC architecture, and more. The most famous companies in the world, including IBM, Intel, Microsoft, Google, Cisco, etc. are all American companies. The entire PC Internet is dominated by the United States. This dominant process has given the United States a dominant position in politics, economy, and culture, and has gained many benefits. The first generation of mobile communications was dominated by AT&T and Motorola.

If this continues, the whole world will be the world of Americans. Under such circumstances, Europeans began to fight against the United States. So the second generation of mobile communications Europeans united. A GSMA organization was established, the GSM standard was established through the GSMA, and European countries were required to use this standard uniformly.

In the development of the second generation of mobile communications, Europe formed a confrontation with the United States. The United States' CDMA, Europe's GSM, Japan's PHS, these three standards are vying for a big market, this market is no standard China.

In the final battle, Europeans prevailed, and China established China Mobile GSM, China Unicom GSM. At the same time, the most profitable companies in the field of mobile communications have become European companies. Ericsson, Nokia, Philips, Alcatel and more. Motorola in the United States began to decline.

The development of the third generation of mobile communications, China began to awaken. Starting to do TD-SCDMA, many people have experience, thinking about why the Chinese government is doing something that is not easy to use. In the public cry, TD-SCDMA was born. The result is the formation of three camps. CDMA, CDMA2000, TD-SCDMA. China is in this context, in the absence of the help of upstream and downstream industry chains in Europe and the United States, the chip is done. Created some chip manufacturers, such as Haisi, Zhan Rui, ZTE Microelectronics and so on. In the 3G era, China has its own voice.

The world is vying for 3G standards, and the world is trying to make a standard. In the process of passing the 3G standard, the United States sought China to fight against Europe, the 3G standard was successfully launched, and Europe was squeezed out.

The fourth generation of mobile communications is coming. With the formulation of the 4G standard, Europe took the initiative to win over China and unite it. Therefore, the 4G standard has China's TD-LET. And FDD-LTE in Europe. The United States was killed.

Until now, the development of the fifth generation of mobile communications, the world is focusing and aiming. The New York Times issued a message saying: "The US government has defined China-US competition for "control" of 5G as a new "arms race". The influence of 5G will exceed the changes that power brings to humans. "Why is Huawei so badly sanctioned by the United States?"

Communication standards and infrastructure construction will affect the entire political, economic, and cultural capabilities. 4G has made China the most powerful and best network. There are 3.5 million 4G base stations in China, including 6.1 million base stations including 2G and 3G base stations. There are only 300,000 in the United States. Communication standards and the construction of infrastructure have affected the efficiency and capabilities of society as a whole, making society as a whole different.

4. Positive confrontation in the digital economy era

Blockchain technology, which is hailed as the fourth industrial revolution and claims to change production relations, is widely accepted around the world, and its applications also cover social, economic, and life fields. The rapid development of blockchain technology has attracted widespread attention from government agencies, financial institutions, technology companies and capital markets around the world. In the future, blockchain technology is likely to be fully applied and developed in the entire human society. He will build a value network and trust network for human society. The economic value that may be created is immeasurable. The biggest possibility is to change the economic pattern of the world.

For this reason, the world's major powers are vigorously developing a digital economy based on blockchain technology. This is a fierce competition than the arms race. The Chinese government has realized that this is a new battlefield. In a battlefield, it must be fast!

Let us look at what the Chinese government, scientific research units, and private enterprises have done in recent years.

4.1 The research on the central bank's digital currency research is firm and sounds

Also in 2014, the autonomy was controllable, safe and reliable became the national strategy in the same period, the central bank set up a digital currency research team. In January 2017, the central bank officially established the Digital Currency Institute in Shenzhen. In September 2018, the Digital Money Institute established a trade finance blockchain platform. On July 8, 2019, the State Council officially approved the research and development of the central bank's digital currency. In August 2019, the central bank said that it would accelerate the pace of research and development of digital currency. As of August 21, 74 patents had been applied. According to Mu Changchun, deputy director of the central bank's payment and settlement department, "Since last year, the relevant personnel of the Digital Money Institute has been 996."

4.2 The website of the website has issued 500 registration services.

In order to speed up the development of blockchain technology, and in order to avoid the instability caused by speculation, the website office began to record the blockchain information service enterprises in 2018.

On March 30, 2019, the first batch of 197 service filings was posted on the Internet. On October 18, 2019, the second batch of 309 service filings was posted on the website.

The main companies behind these blockchain information services, large financial, communications, education, medical, insurance and other companies, large Internet companies represented by BATJ are among them. Among them, Alibaba even announced that this year is the icebreaking year of the blockchain.

4.3 Policies to promote the development of blockchain technology, fully flowering

The Chinese government is serious in advancing the development of blockchain technology. Since 2016, the state has successively issued a number of policies on the development of blockchain, especially in the “13th Five-Year National Informationization Plan” signed by Prime Minister Ke Qian at the end of 2016, with the blockchain as a key point. advanced technology.

The State Council, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Commerce, the Ministry of Finance, the China Insurance Regulatory Commission, the Office of the National Standards Commission, the State Post Bureau, the State Intellectual Property Office, and the Ministry of Education have successively issued dozens of policy documents and action plans.

At the same time, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Guiyang, Changsha, Chengdu, Jiangxi, Guangxi, Hebei, Henan, Fujian, Inner Mongolia, Gansu, Hainan and Shandong also released policy guidance information, most The region has issued more than three related policies.

Rejected incomplete statistics, in the first half of 2019 alone, 23 provincial-level administrative regions issued 106 blockchain-related support policies. The blockchain's national support policy can be described as full bloom.

4.5 Blockchain technology development, standards first

In terms of standard setting. China Electronics Technology Standardization Institute released the "China Blockchain Technology and Application Development White Paper (2016)" as early as October 2016 and released the first blockchain standard "Blockchain" on May 16, 2017. Reference Architecture. In 2006, China’s Xintong Institute took the lead in setting up a Trusted Blockchain Working Group and drafted a standard for trusted blockchain standards. In 2018, the "Blockchain White Paper (2018)" was released. In May 2019, the "Trusted Blockchain: Blockchain Security Evaluation Indicators" was released.

4.6 Positive confrontation, extremely intense

If it is said that before June 18, 2019, the competition between China and the United States in blockchain technology will still be carried out on their own tracks. Then after this time, it is already a battle. The landmark event is the birth of Libra. The birth of Libra stimulated China's development in blockchain technology and allowed China to enter the rapid march.

On June 18, 2019, Libra was born and released a white paper;

On July 8, 2019, the State Council approved the digital currency that the central bank is organizing research and development;

On October 23, 2019, at the Libra hearing, Zuckerberg made it clear that Libra aims to become a global payment system, pointing to the Chinese central bank's digital currency.

After that, China has even produced a set of combination punches:

On October 24, 2019, the Politburo learned collectively, and General Secretary Xi made the highest instruction of “taking the blockchain as an important breakthrough for independent innovation in core technologies”.

On October 27, 2019, the "Password Law of the People's Republic of China" was reviewed and approved.

At the first Financial Bund Summit on October 28, 2019, the People's Bank of China will become the world's first central bank to launch digital currency.

China's political, business, and academic circles have simultaneously set off a climax of blockchain technology research and application.

Second, the industry's positive "three emphasis, three points out" core or independent innovation

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, October 25th, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee conducted the 18th collective study on the status quo and trend of blockchain technology development on the afternoon of October 24, and made three emphasiss and three on the blockchain industry. Point out."

The first key word to emphasize is the integration of applications that capture key core technologies. From the point of view of the integrated application, it is very likely that the future development will be the solution of the alliance chain. Correspondingly, the capture of key technologies naturally becomes the key technology to overcome the alliance chain, including high performance, security privacy, high availability and high scalability, and data coordination under the chain.

The second emphasis is very rich, including keywords such as original innovation ability, theoretical frontier, standardization research, international discourse power and rulemaking rights, deep integration of other technologies, and talent development. Just like the communication industry standards, standardization is the expression and realization of the right to speak. In the new round of digital economic competition, China must be a leader, not a follower. Externally, we must seize the standard and market commanding heights. Internally, it is talent training. Combined with the general trend of integration of production and education, blockchain training, blockchain education is expected to become a college specialty.

The third key word is the norm. Actually, it is talking about the compliance problem of the blockchain. Since the blockchain technology carries digital currency, there will be speculation, pyramid schemes and even frauds in the digital currency. It is precisely because the norm is raised to such a high level, blockchain practitioners will reshuffle, and compliance will be the minimum standard for future application of blockchain technology.

The first pointed out that the application areas that the blockchain has already realized, finance, Internet of Things, intelligent manufacturing, supply chain management, digital asset trading, etc., are not enough, but also need to be integrated.

The second pointed out that in the direction of the blockchain practitioners, from this point of view, synergy, people generation as the theme.

The third pointed out that the reality is to talk about regulation and regulatory technology. The security of the blockchain is important, and the important thing is the security of the blockchain system, such as anti-attack. This also puts new requirements and goals on the security of the blockchain.

Third, the application of blockchain needs ecological collaboration

Be more calm when you are in a fever. In China, the application of blockchain is still limited, and it is even more embarrassing to reach the scale of the industry. After all, the status quo of domestic blockchain applications is not ideal, and killer applications are still difficult to appear. There is still a long way to go for key technologies, talent echelons, education and training, compliance and regulatory issues.

1. The development of domestic public chain is not satisfactory

A few days ago, an article once wrote that domestic public chains have entered their post-star era. In the state of executive separation, community dissolution. On October 21st, the aelf project community was disbanded a lot; the wave field caused investors to lose billions of funds; the community was “unable to help” than the original chain, and its CEO Duan Xinxing left; the nebula chain COO crown left; Gongxinbao was seized by the police; ZilinqaCEO Dong Xinshu resigned. The so-called "the skin does not contain hair will be attached", based on the application of domestic public chain and DAPP development is weak.

2, application landing has no scale effect

There are 506 blockchain service projects registered in the network office, and more than half of them are applications of blockchain in a certain industry. After in-depth understanding, we will find that many of these industries are in trial, pilot stage, and some have no real users.

The actual landing of the blockchain requires a sufficient understanding of the industry, a sufficient grasp of the technology, and a breakthrough in the integration capability of the blockchain.

In general, the natural characteristics of blockchain technology are to serve the entire industry, industry, and multiple entities, rather than a single point. Therefore, building an eco-service across a single point and across the enterprise is a key point for the application of blockchain.

Fourth, the Raptors crossed the river, mixed with joy

In the past two days, the net passed a very interesting sentence: "The first thing that the regular army enters the mountain is." Internet industry practitioners are about to enter the blockchain practitioners that they called "Pheasant Organization" before.

Good industry and state support. For blockchain practitioners, there will be more job opportunities. The Raptors crossed the river and entered the market. For small companies with barriers to buy and buy, for small companies without barriers, they may have to wave.