How to develop, use and manage the blockchain?

Source | People's Network Blockchain Channel

On the afternoon of October 24, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee conducted the 18th collective study on the status quo and trends of blockchain technology development. In conducting the study, national leaders emphasized that the integration and application of blockchain technology plays an important role in new technological innovations and industrial changes.

The speech used 19 "to", and made important instructions for developing, using and managing the blockchain. The speech puts forward a series of clear requirements from grasping the general trend, mastering new technologies, implementing big integration, and realizing strong guarantees. It points out that the integration of blockchain technology into the high-quality development of socialism with Chinese characteristics makes it a cyberspace and Through the cyberspace to achieve the core technical support for the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.

We need a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of the essential connotation of the speech, and take the core technology breakthrough as the primary task, take the national governance system and the governance capability modernization as the outline, and take the maintenance of cyberspace sovereignty, security and development interests as the need, taking into account the two major international and domestic issues, and promote Enter a new stage of high quality development.

First, in order to grasp the general trend, master new technologies, implement large integration, and achieve strong security, understand the significant value of blockchain technology as a national strategy.

In-depth study of the content of the speech, still adhere to the consistent view that "core technology is the country's heavy weapon", stressing that "we must use the blockchain as an important breakthrough for independent innovation of core technologies, clarify the main direction, increase investment, and focus on a number of key The core technology accelerates the development of blockchain technology and industrial innovation. The next 18 “must” can be summarized into four aspects.

First, grasp the general trend and develop a good blockchain. This megatrend is not only a major trend in the application of blockchain technology to digital finance, Internet of Things, intelligent manufacturing, supply chain management, digital asset trading, but also the major countries in the world are accelerating the layout of blockchain technology. development of. The development of the blockchain is based on the good foundation of China's blockchain field, starting from the aspects of innovation development and integration development. First, accelerate the innovation and development of blockchain technology and industry. Second, actively promote the integration of blockchain and economic society.

The second is to master new technologies and study blockchains. From the six aspects of strengthening basic research, promoting collaborative research, strengthening standardization research, accelerating industrial development, building industrial ecology, and strengthening the construction of talent team, the speech puts forward the basic structure of researching good blockchain. The purpose of the six aspects is also very clear. First, to enhance the original innovation ability, and strive to let China in the emerging field of blockchain at the forefront of the theory, occupy the commanding heights of innovation, and gain new industrial advantages. Second, accelerate the breakthrough of core technologies and provide safe and controllable technical support for the development of blockchain applications. Third, enhance the right to speak internationally and rule. Fourth, play a good market advantage and further open up the innovation chain, application chain and value chain. Fifth, accelerate the deep integration of blockchain and cutting-edge information technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and Internet of Things to promote integrated innovation and convergence applications. Sixth, establish and improve the talent training system, build a variety of high-level talent training platform, and cultivate a group of leading figures and high-level innovation teams.

The third is to implement a big integration and use the blockchain. This part of the speech adheres to the problem orientation. From the seven aspects of technical opportunity, real economy, digital economy, people's livelihood, technical service and smart city construction, interconnection and data sharing mode, the basic direction of the fusion blockchain technology is applied. The field, the problem and the role are very clear.

First, the role of promoting data sharing, optimizing business processes, reducing operating costs, improving synergy efficiency, and building a credible system, through the opportunities of blockchain technology integration, function expansion, and industry segmentation; SME loan financing difficulties, bank risk control difficulties, departmental supervision difficulties and other issues, through the promotion of blockchain and physical economy deep integration to solve; Third, to create a convenient, efficient, fair competition, stable and transparent business environment, In order to promote supply-side structural reforms, realize the effective docking of supply and demand in various industries, provide support for accelerating the transformation of new and old kinetic energy and promote high-quality economic development, and realize the innovation of digital economic model by using blockchain technology; The application of blockchain technology in the fields of education, employment, pension, precision poverty alleviation, medical health, commodity anti-counterfeiting, food safety, public welfare, social assistance, etc., to provide the people with smarter, more convenient and better quality public services, through Blockchain +" in the field of people's livelihood to achieve; its five, information foundation The promotion and application of facilities, smart transportation, energy and power, and the level of intelligence and precision of urban management are realized by promoting the combination of the underlying technical services of blockchain and the construction of new smart cities. Sixth, the production factors are guaranteed. Orderly and efficient flow in the region, through the use of blockchain technology to promote greater inter-city connectivity in information, capital, talent, credit, etc.; seventh, to achieve cross-departmental and cross-regional maintenance of government data and Use, promote business synergy, deepen the "most run once" reform, bring better government service experience to the people, and explore by using the blockchain data sharing model.

The fourth is to achieve strong protection and manage the blockchain. This guarantee includes institutional guarantees, network security, and legal and legal guarantees, as well as the ability of leading cadres. First, through the guidance and regulation of blockchain technology, strengthen the research and analysis of blockchain security risks, closely track development trends, and actively explore development rules; second, establish security mechanisms to adapt to blockchain technology. The system guides and promotes blockchain developers and platform operators to strengthen industry self-discipline and implement safety responsibilities; thirdly, implement the rule-based governance network into blockchain management to promote the safe and orderly development of blockchains; Ensure that relevant departments and their responsible leaders pay attention to the status quo and trends of blockchain technology development, improve the application and management of blockchain technology capabilities, and enable blockchain technology to play a role in building a network power, developing a digital economy, and assisting economic and social development. More important. Among them, in particular, we must keep in mind that “there is no national security without cyber security”, the strategic warning of “two wings of network security and information integration, and the two wheels of driving”, and do a good job in ensuring the security of the blockchain technology mechanism. Leaders attach importance, legal protection, and system construction continue to strengthen.

Second, take the core technology breakthrough as the primary task, and play the important role of the integration and application of blockchain technology in new technological innovation and industrial transformation.

In addition to the core technology of forging the country, the speech chain is the core technology of the forging country. In the four aspects of grasping the general trend, mastering new technology, implementing large integration and realizing strong guarantee, the blockchain technology is always the dominant The core technology breakthrough and application as the top priority. Grasping the general trend, developing the blockchain, emphasizing the extension of the application of blockchain technology, and accelerating the development of blockchain technology in major countries around the world, while clarifying the promotion of blockchain technology and industrial innovation, The goal of blockchain and economic and social integration development; in mastering new technologies and researching blockchains, from strengthening basic research, promoting collaborative research, strengthening standardization research, accelerating industrial development, building industrial ecology, and strengthening the construction of talent teams. On the other hand, it puts forward the basic structure of blockchain technology research; in the implementation of large integration, the use of good blockchain, also from the technical opportunity, from technology and the real economy, digital economy, people's livelihood, smart city construction, interconnection In terms of data sharing mode, the basic direction of blockchain technology integration is proposed, and its application fields, problems and functions are very clear. In the realization of strong guarantees, governance of the blockchain level, focus on better use of technology, clearly emphasize the guidance and regulation of blockchain technology, establish a safety guarantee system that adapts to the blockchain technology mechanism, pay attention to the development of blockchain technology Status and trends to improve the ability to apply and manage blockchain technology.

Third, taking the national governance system and the modernization of governance capacity as the outline, understanding the revolutionary status of the application of blockchain technology in reform and opening up

Without informatization, there is no modernization, and we are facing a once-in-a-lifetime informationization opportunity. Digitalization, networking, and intelligence have become the basic way of modernizing the national governance system and governance capabilities. From this demand perspective, the blockchain is another new information revolution after the Internet. People's Network "Original Clear Source: Why Blockchain is a New Information Revolution", analyzes in detail how blockchain technology optimizes seven aspects of Internet data transmission, namely, reducing reconciliation costs, reducing development costs, and preventing data fraud. It is convenient for data acquisition, elimination of intermediate links, improvement of fault tolerance, and expansion of supervision. The famous network economist Lu Benfu pointed out that the blockchain's ability to improve the country's governance is even more important for the latecomers. The blockchain-based license system can be used for the management and use of ID cards, business licenses, etc.; blockchain-based credit systems can be used to record the compliance of social members' behavior; blockchain-based document delivery systems, It can prevent the interception of the middle layer, so that the sound of the upper layer can be transmitted to the lower layer without being deformed, and can be kept secret; the voting system based on the blockchain can be used for various forms of election and polls.

If the blockchain technology is well mastered and used well, it can be an important starting point for social governance, especially the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. In terms of improving efficiency, voucher records, various qualifications, contracts, certificates, etc., through the blockchain record, avoid the various "My dad is my dad" cycle proof; in terms of cost reduction, the intelligence of blockchain technology Contracts can automatically execute various trading contracts, which can reduce transaction costs on a large scale. In terms of optimization management, blockchain+, combined with supply chain management and IoT technology, blockchain can be applied to various real economy to improve management efficiency. In terms of economic innovation, the blockchain combined with digital tokens will create new types of startups, new types of copyright sharing, and new types of talent sharing, thereby transforming the current platform economy and sharing the economy.

In addition, the political and legal system can be combined with the actual work, using blockchain technology to explore the construction of intelligent courts. In the military field, it is also possible to use the blockchain technology to implement evidence preservation, conduct risk management and control, and achieve network defense against the increasingly fierce situation of network confrontation. Especially for those parts that have already formed an international consensus, such as not carrying out cyber attacks on key information infrastructures involving major people's livelihoods in other countries, they can use blockchain technology to explore mutual supervision and control.

Fourth, in order to maintain the sovereignty, security and development interests of cyberspace, we must see the future space of blockchain technology in the international game.

Everything has two sides, just like the self-organizing model of the Internet. It is also a subversion of the central system's leadership system, but it is also a tool that can effectively solve social governance problems. At present, the blockchain is the same reason. It is also a subversion of the central bank's currency issuance. However, if it is used well, it can be used as an effective supplement. On the one hand, it optimizes and complements the advanced currency operation system. On the other hand, In line with the world's major trends, we should deal with the challenge of monetary sovereignty and carry out the struggle to curb financial hegemony.

There is no blockchain security without network security. The blockchain is a distributed database that is carried in the network environment. After the Internet, mobile Internet, and Internet of Things solve the interconnection problem, the blockchain solves the problem of sharing mutual trust, so security is especially important. In the application of technology, while using the existing universal encryption method, the company has added its own unique and controllable security protection mechanism to prevent a little corruption and full chain pollution. In terms of strength improvement, it is necessary to adopt the domain actual combat deduction mode, and the high-strength test block chain chain is safe in the network security "Zhu Rihe" attack and defense shooting range.

At the same time, we should always clearly see that as the blockchain rises to the national strategy and its large-scale promotion and use, the current malicious mining attacks, non-interest attacks, double-flower attacks, alien attacks, phishing attacks, Trojans Attacks, supply chain attacks, transaction rollback attacks, transaction crowding attacks, random number attacks, resend attacks, fake recharge attacks, short address attacks, counterfeit currency attacks, unauthorized access attacks, transaction order dependent attacks, conditional competitive attacks, etc. It will go beyond the simple application level, and there will be more large-scale, higher-intensity, deeper attacks, and even cyber confrontation at the national level. At present, the US military is exploring the application of blockchain technology in network defense, using its decentralization, tamper-proof and trust-free features to build a new network defense capability to ensure the network security of key military assets and weapon systems.

Taking into account the two major international and domestic situations, blockchain technology should continue to work on the underlying technology, such as the efficiency of blockchain technology, the application of blockchain distributed cryptography, blockchain and network security in different scenarios. Problems, etc. The inevitability of international competition in this area can be foreseen. For example, based on basic hardware such as chips, competition in application efficiency; based on core technologies such as general algorithms and cryptographic algorithms, in the game of card technology; based on aerospace technology and space Internet construction, in the high frontier of space and the new frontier of the network The integration of racing and so on, are closely related to the breakthrough, mastery and operation of blockchain technology.

In general, the Internet, the mobile Internet, and the Internet of Things have realized the interconnection of human society. The blockchain technology is expected to realize the sharing and mutual trust of human society. After the human society becomes a "global village" that can be "communicated with chickens and dogs" It has become a "trust body" with "spring, summer, autumn and winter". We can't naively hope to solve the suspicion of human society with blockchain, even violence and even war. But we can have an unprecedented technical means. Let us have a high-quality new way of supporting the core technology at the high starting point of the concept of “building a community of cyberspace destiny”.