Written by: Wang Jiaxin
Source: Nanfang Daily
Editor's Note: The original title is “Guangdong Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, Innovation Supervision and Protection of the People on the Tip of Safety”. Exploring Blockchain Technology for Food Traceability
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The campus “Ming Kitchen Bright Kitchen” coverage rate of 99.9%, the introduction of blockchain traceable agricultural products, using big data “揪” out of the illegal take-out… As a major economic province and a large population province, Guangdong is closely surrounding the “four most strict”. Do more measures, innovation supervision, and fully protect the "safety on the tongue" of the people.
According to reports, since the middle of the province in mid-September to carry out joint efforts to rectify food safety issues, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, the Provincial Public Security Department, the Provincial Department of Education, the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, etc., focus on the province's food production and management violations, health food False propaganda and illegal sales, campus food safety and quality and safety of edible agricultural products, with close coordination and coordinated efforts, have solved a number of outstanding problems that have been strongly reacted by the masses and achieved phased results.
By the end of October, the province had investigated and handled 5,525 cases of food violations, including 15 cases with a case value of over 500,000 yuan, a fine of 36.616 million yuan, 787 cases of food criminal cases, 985 criminal detentions, 696 arrests, and 570 million cases involved. yuan.
Focusing on key areas such as health food, campus canteens, and agricultural products that the people care about, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau carried out special rectification actions, inspected 79,000 health food production and management enterprises, and investigated and handled 177 cases of violations of laws and regulations; inspected school canteens and meals. There were 97,900 food business operators and 5,936 households around the campus, and 5,936 hidden dangers were rectified; the inspection and production of agricultural products was 273,000, and 3,167 cases were investigated.
Heavy punch ▶▷
"Swords" to food crimes
Does the Dragon Boat Festival contain borax? More than 9,000 bottles of "Moutai", "Guojiao" and other famous wines are counterfeit goods? In the special campaign to crack down on illegal food crimes, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau investigated and notified the society of “fake moon cake case”, “lime bleached beef belly case”, “counterfeiting small pot tea case” and “counterfeiting Maotai, Guojiao” fake wine. Cases and other typical food business cases have played a deterrent role in the crime of food counterfeiting and selling.
“Guangdong attaches great importance to the joint action of rectifying food safety issues and regards actions as an important political responsibility and an important opportunity to solve food safety problems.” According to the person in charge of the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, all relevant departments of the province are focusing on production and operation, online ordering, and health food. Key points in the campus and surrounding areas will be thoroughly investigated, comprehensively sorted out clues, and a number of outstanding problems that seriously infringe on the interests of the masses will be investigated. A number of major and influential cases, classic cases and new criminal cases will be investigated in the whole country and the whole province. Deeply dig a group of "hidden rules", "black forces" and "protective umbrellas" that have existed for a long time in the industry, and severely crack down on a number of illegal criminal gangs that use the Internet to illegally sell food, and crack a number of new problems that restrict food safety.
During the special action, the province banned 85 unlicensed enterprises (including black factories, black workshops, and black dens), destroying 802.39 tons of smuggled frozen meat, unqualified condiments, food additives, etc., and the value of destroyed goods was 18,207,800 yuan. 562 cases of illegal food additions were investigated, 64 cases of criminal responsibility were transferred to the judicial organs, and 24 criminal suspects were arrested or arrested.
In order to further improve the comprehensive efficacy of food safety, the province has formulated and promulgated the “Measures for the Identification of Foods Involved in Criminal Cases of Hazardous Food Safety in Guangdong Province”, and established a work system of “same research, same deployment, same action, and release” to further improve coordination. Combat food crimes and accuracy. At the same time, seven linkage mechanisms, such as the liaison system for information services for food and drug abuse, and exchanges and exchanges between the administrative and criminal departments, have been established to ensure seamless integration of execution.
Severe false advertising ▶▷
Standardize health food market order
“Do not say hello, go straight to the scene!” On November 5th, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau combined the daily inspection and complaint report information to Guangzhou Haiwang Xingchen Pharmaceutical Chain Co., Ltd. Xujing Health Pharmacy, Sun Plaza, Tiancheng Square, Infinitus (China) ) The Guangdong Branch of the Co., Ltd. and other health food business enterprises and places carry out flight inspections, and broadcast live in the South + client.
"In response to the operation of health food, we require all municipal, district and county regulatory authorities to achieve 100% full coverage inspection of the business premises in the jurisdiction within this year." According to the relevant person in charge of the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, in the special rectification action of health food, In accordance with the idea of “controlling the source, clearing the network, checking and storing the goods”, the province adopts various combinations of “enterprise self-examination + responsibility interview + system inspection + individual counseling + key inspection” to continuously increase health food. Production enterprise supervision and law enforcement, serious investigation and punishment of health food false and illegal advertisements.
The province monitored a total of 117,500 health food advertisements, handled 1459 illegal advertisements, and 12 criminal cases involving health foods, 45 criminal detentions and 42 arrests, involving a total of 11 million yuan. Organized and inspected 3001 “health-care” stores, and investigated 58 industry organizations involved in health care products, and prohibited social organizations from carrying out health product evaluation and recognition activities.
False advertising and exaggerated publicity are the hardest hit areas in the health food industry. In order to create a good market environment and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of consumers, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau conducted a program screening of 24 radio and television broadcasters and 133 channel frequencies in the province, and stopped broadcasting 13 health care programs containing illegal content. It broadcasted 5 times of illegal health products and medical drug advertisements, and continued to broadcast more than 100 public service advertisements for “preventing health food fraud and false publicity”.
In addition, we actively promote the popularization of health food knowledge and guide consumers to rational consumption. At present, the province's health food production enterprises and health food industry associations have achieved the coverage of the "Guidelines for Labeling Warnings for Health Foods". The sampling rate of all production enterprises in product categories and key operating enterprises has reached 100%. It is expected that by the end of November, the target rate of labeling of health food labels for operating enterprises and 100% coverage of the coverage of flight inspections by provincial bureaus will be completed.
Network inspection ▶▷
Campus “Ming Kitchen Bright Kitchen” coverage rate 99.9%
Entering the campus canteen of Guangzhou Zhixin Middle School, a piece of clear Jiugongge electronic display screen is showing the situation of preparing the kitchen after cooking, from rice washing, cooking, food and cooking to cleaning and disinfection. Students and teachers who come to the cafeteria can enjoy the full process of the kitchen.
“In addition to strengthening daily supervision, we hope to further strengthen the responsibility of the school’s main body by building transparent glass windows and video surveillance school canteen kitchen processing procedures, so that the campus canteen kitchen is always under the 'sunshine'.” According to the provincial market supervision bureau According to the relevant person in charge, at present, the coverage rate of “Ming Kitchen Bright Stove” in the school cafeteria of our province is 99.9%, of which 8,523 have been built “Internet + Ming Kitchen Bright Stove”. All the (2483) school canteens in Shenzhen and 11,627 catering units of more than 200 square meters are all connected to the “Internet + Ming kitchen bright stove” to truly achieve food safety sharing and governance.
According to reports, in the school canteen and surrounding food safety special rectification actions, the market supervision department and the education department signed the "Guangdong Provincial Canteen Food Safety Commitment Letter" with the 26171 school principals (teachers) in the province to supervise the implementation of the principal responsibility system. Supervise schools to implement the main responsibilities, establish and improve food safety management organizations, and conduct self-examination and self-correction on a regular basis.
At the same time, the innovation adopts the online management and control mode, and uses the “Guangdong Provincial School Food Safety Supervision System” to carry out the “online” network inspection of the canteen. It is clear that the school food safety administrator fills in the system data, and carries out the self-inspection of the canteen every day. Check the records and live photos, videos, and rectifications into the system.
Since the special action, the province's education, market supervision, public security and other departments have jointly carried out network-based investigations on the campus and surrounding food stores and catering units, registering and registering one by one, clarifying the source of destination one by one, and assessing risks one by one. According to the relevant person in charge of the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, as of the end of October, a total of 3,637 person-times of food safety of the school were reviewed and replaced. There were 119 raw material suppliers, 62 food supply units were replaced, 48,900 employees were trained, and 75,400 training materials were issued.
Innovation supervision ▶▷
Exploring blockchain for food traceability
"Food is food to safety first". In the rural revitalization strategy, accelerating the improvement of the quality and safety of agricultural products is an important guarantee. In the special rectification of agricultural product quality and safety, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau organized 900 samples of vegetables, livestock and poultry, aquatic products and 656 pesticide and veterinary drug samples, focusing on solving drug residues in vegetables, poultry, eggs, pork and aquatic products. , pesticides, veterinary drugs add prohibited ingredients and other issues.
In the Huangsha aquatic products trading market in Guangzhou, the blockchain technology was innovatively applied to the food traceability and sales voucher system, and established a food safety co-governance system by accessing market promoters, merchants, regulatory authorities, and the public.
“Since the application of the system, the quality of agricultural products has been effectively improved. The quality of aquatic products in circulation in the first and second quarters of this year has been routinely monitored. The qualified rate of samples in the Huangsha market reached 100%.” According to the person in charge of the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, the basis for the pilot in Guangzhou In the past, the successful experience will be promoted to the whole province. Six cities including Shenzhen, Shantou, Foshan, Huizhou, Zhanjiang and Zhaoqing will try first. It is expected that more than 80% of the aquatic product operators in the six cities will use the traceability of the edible agricultural product blockchain before the end of the year. system.
The inspection of agricultural products was included in the provincial government's livelihood. Since the beginning of this year, more than 2,000 farmers (wholesale) markets in the province have organized 7.82 million batches of edible agricultural products, and completed 97.75% of the annual tasks. During the joint operation, the screening found that there were 17,200 batches of unqualified edible agricultural products totaling 44.79 tons. Substandard products have been processed. In response to the pork problem that the people care about, the Provincial Market Supervision Bureau has implemented the task of 100% and 100% self-inspection of African piglets in the slaughtering process of pigs to the official veterinarians.
In Shenzhen, 74 streets in 10 jurisdictions have all realized “one street, one car, one room”, and each street has a food safety rapid inspection room equipped with a food safety rapid inspection vehicle. When the public is not at ease with the purchase of fish and vegetables, they can go to the food safety rapid inspection room in all streets of the city for free testing. The results can be as fast as 20 minutes, while improving the food safety technical support of the grassroots community residents. Smart regulation of food safety gridding.