“Decentralization” is perhaps the most frequently mentioned phrase in the blockchain, but it seems that it is not particularly clear. In the article "The meaning of decentralization" published by Ethereum founder V God in February 2017, the meaning of decentralization is elaborated. He believes that the centralization and decentralization of computer software should be distinguished from three perspectives: architecture, governance and logic.
Architecture centralization refers to how many nodes can be tolerated by the system and can still continue to run; governance centralization is how many people or organizations need to control the system; logical centralization refers to the interface and data presented by the system, whether It is a single whole.
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The blockchain, as a unified super-large book, is logically central. But from the perspective of architecture and governance, the blockchain is a peer-to-peer network, and it is difficult to be controlled by a few people through a consensus algorithm, so it is decentralized. That is to say, with the deepening of the interaction between the subject and the object and the constant balance of cognitive function and the continuous improvement of the cognitive structure, the individual can be relieved from the self-centered state, which is called decentralization.
As blockchains become more popular, there are more and more concepts surrounding decentralization, and decentralized collaboration is perhaps the most frequently mentioned topic. Bitcoin, as the first open source project and through decentralized collaboration, is still alive and well. In October of this year, Lava officially launched open source on Github, and is committed to building an open source, open decentralized ecosystem. On top of this, Lava released a set of LVIP improvements, similar to Bitcoin's BIP mechanism.
The LVIP Improvement Proposal Mechanism maintains and manages Lava as a text file. Through this mechanism, users and developers can propose improvements to the Lava-related processes. There are two types of LVIP improvement mechanisms, namely, the improvement of the Lava protocol level (protocol class) and the improvement of the Lava protocol, such as user usage, mining, etc. The two types have different result orientation and processing flow.
With the increasing number of open source blockchain projects on GitHub, decentralized collaboration seems to be the future. It is not difficult to find that decentralized collaboration has many advantages:
First, the threshold for participation and trust is lowered. Compared with traditional collaboration methods, based on the technical characteristics of the blockchain and the inability to tamper with, decentralized collaboration can solve the relationship between trust and collaboration among a large number of unfamiliar individuals, which greatly reduces the difficulty of individual participation.
Second, it changed the monopoly of the project team. Many projects that do not open decentralized collaboration, or even open source, the project party has absolute control over the code, and there is no guarantee that the project will be open and transparent. Investors simply cannot know the project progress, technology update and other projects, and they cannot provide their own opinions and opinions in the process.
Third, it broke the boundaries of the project. The crowdsourcing of IT has become a trend. Through decentralized collaboration, lightweight flexibility and a win-win cooperation model, projects are no longer trapped in their own bottlenecks, but in this way, more blockchains are absorbed. Technical talents, guarantee the chain's activity and more possibilities in the future.
Finally, decentralized collaboration redefines the way in which human economic activities work together, which is especially significant in the digital age. In the future, the substantial transformation from the Internet of Everything to the Wanlian Interconnection will play a role in ensuring that all parties can effectively and securely perform data validation and data transactions in this process.
Of course, decentralized collaboration also faces major challenges in the development process. How to effectively motivate and improve collaboration efficiency has become the biggest problem in decentralized collaboration.
The world is bustling, all for the benefit. The world is rich in soil and is profitable. How to get more people involved in decentralized collaboration, and to maintain normalized collaboration, incentives for tokens are essential. However, when the price of the currency falls for a long period of time, decentralized collaboration will face severe challenges. Of course, this may not be the disadvantage of decentralized collaboration, which is a problem with all forms of collaboration.
In addition, efficiency is a problem that has been repeatedly mentioned in the process of decentralized collaboration. Although decentralized collaboration reduces trust costs, collaboration efficiency is somewhat improved. However, in the decentralized collaboration process, efficiency is still a major pain point, because a complete decentralized collaborative network, in the face of major decisions or changes, it takes a long time to reach consensus.
In the early stages of the rapid development of blockchains, all parties are in the stage of barbaric growth. There is no one-time consensus mechanism, and there is no one-step decentralized collaboration. Only by constantly groping for experience, rather than stagnation, can only break the bottleneck and promote the progress of the blockchain industry, bringing value to this ecology.