In line with the trend of judicial reform, actively embrace the development of scientific and technological innovation, early development of top-level design, in-depth judicial investigation, bold pilot innovation, early training and selection of composite and expert talents with modern technology and judicial quality, in order to make blockchain A high-tech truly rooted in the roots, serving various scenarios in the construction of a smart court, allowing the trial work to improve its physical fitness, overcoming various pain points in the reform process, and allowing the people to gain a sense of judicial reform and the construction of a smart court. The sense of well-being and achievement is significantly enhanced.
In the 18th collective study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that the blockchain should be regarded as an important breakthrough for independent innovation of core technologies, and accelerate the development of blockchain technology and industrial innovation. It is necessary to strengthen basic research, enhance the original innovation ability, and strive to let China take the leading position in the emerging field of blockchain, occupy the commanding heights of innovation, and gain new industrial advantages. It is necessary to promote collaborative research, accelerate the breakthrough of core technologies, and provide safe and controllable technical support for the development of blockchain applications. It is necessary to strengthen the research on blockchain standardization and enhance the right to speak and rule in the world. It is necessary to speed up industrial development, give play to market advantages, and further open up the innovation chain, application chain and value chain. It is necessary to build a blockchain industry ecology, accelerate the deep integration of blockchain and frontier information technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, and Internet of Things, and promote integrated innovation and integration applications.
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As another technological innovation after human beings such as cloud computing, big data, mobile internet and other information technologies, blockchain technology is a decentralized computing paradigm that uses distributed node consensus algorithms to verify, store, and update data. It is said that the essence of blockchain is decentralized, point-to-point distributed ledger, which has the characteristics of decentralization, de-trust, anonymization, and difficulty in tampering. It has been played in the fields of financial technology, food safety, process traceability and so on. positive effects.
Exploring the use of blockchain technology in the judicial field, especially the construction of smart courts, is an inevitable outcome of the development of modern science and technology and the in-depth promotion of the informatization construction of the people's courts. The development of science and technology is changing with each passing day. The people's court must have a strategic and forward-looking vision in the application and development of blockchain technology, early layout and advancement with the times. As we all know, the driving force of data and technology is the future development direction of the Wisdom Court. Seriously fall into the spirit of the instructor General Secretary Ping Ping, the people's court should actively explore the use of blockchain technology, complement each other with artificial intelligence and big data, cloud computing, and Internet of Things technologies, integrate various existing information data and related equipment of the court, and achieve Judicial data collection, screening, identification, location, tracking, monitoring, pre-judgment, perception, management, and the formation of deep mining data, integration of data, activation of data, the use of data. For example, IoT technology and artificial intelligence technology can realize intelligent supervision of data flow, remotely realize authorization, and know specific flow data in real time, so as to achieve timely access, traceability and supervision of specific data. Exploring the use of blockchain technology to establish an intelligent visitor system, litigation risk intelligent assessment system, legal resource service system, electronic file management system, document intelligence writing system, trial data inspection system, criminal brief case quick review intelligent judgment system and remote command system To achieve all-round intelligent services for court decision management. The effective use of blockchain technology in the judicial field will help break the credit and security restrictions of traditional judicial work, further deepen the integration of modern technology and court work, optimize processes, and create a true wisdom court. Based on the decentralization of blockchain, difficult data tampering, de-trusting, transparency and privacy, neutrality, traceability, etc., the data required for trial execution through blockchain transmission is highly secure. Sexuality and reliability, and the ability to build a pure, cross-border "interest-free" trust network based on network consensus to create a highly secure, deep-trusted internal and external data circulation environment. The specific ideas are:
First, actively explore the blockchain technology for the application of electronic evidence collection mechanism. The blockchain technology reconstructs the electronic evidence collection system, so that each node unit in the court network analyzes and evaluates the network data perceived by the media layer and the network layer according to a consistent algorithm, and distributes it in the network, which is significantly reduced by broadcasting. The courts increase the efficiency of electronic data storage, improve the efficiency of evidence preservation, and technically eliminate the tampering and deletion of data by stakeholders, so that the data is permanently stored. For example, in the case management, the court can provide the client with a one-stop service from the whole process of a case. Let the parties directly through the blockchain structure of the system to visualize the progress of each process of the case, submit the application, withdrawal, and execution of the case information data, facilitate the self-management of their own cases, and real-time perception of the progress of the case, bringing The savings in human and material resources make online litigation as easy and efficient as online shopping.
The second is to improve the efficiency of the wisdom court and reduce operating costs. In the era of big data, due to the existence and growth of massive data, the problem of information asymmetry becomes more and more prominent. This asymmetry is no longer manifested as the asymmetry caused by information scarcity and availability, but information related parties to information. Asymmetry in data acquisition, transmission, filtration, desensitization, and disposal. This uncertainty theory exists in the difference in the utility of data between the two parties, which makes it difficult to negotiate reasonable transactions under Coase's law, and it is impossible to form a right allocation that is fair and efficient. Blockchain, as a trusted authentication tool, facilitates the processing of all types of data in a less expensive, efficient, and secure manner in network data interaction. By deploying localized blockchain nodes, data uplink, and building application scenarios such as digital bills, shared account books, evidence review, and file retrieval, the People's Court can quickly realize the blockchain distributed ledger and trial execution business system data. Synchronize entry and update. At the same time, the data of the uplink synchronization is only the data hash, and does not involve the full blockchain synchronization of the complete original data, and can be paused without causing the system to be too complicated due to the extremely small data bandwidth. Secure data record synchronization in case of. The court's work data does not need to be fully replicated to the centralized data exchange system, which reduces the workload of the court, simultaneously protects data privacy, reduces the maintenance burden on the central system, and checks the data manually. Distributed blockchain nodes can help the court to verify the authenticity and originality of data during data transmission without relying on third parties, thus ensuring the trustworthiness of data transmission. Such as the creation of blockchain platform, the realization of case data retrieval, intelligent case matching push, early warning situation analysis, data abnormal value prompts, etc., to achieve blockchain delivery, blockchain mediation, blockchain intelligent guidance, block The chain automatically generates judicial court functions such as referee documents, data automatic sharing and backfilling. Renew the court information control center with blockchain technology, relying on the whole chain to ensure the digital review committee, the digital judges meeting, the digital collegiality realize the paperless circulation and the whole process, and the whole process is tamper-proof, anti-intervention and intervention, and the command is true. To prevent data from being distorted and inferior due to human error, to open up the data exchange bottleneck and reduce data islanding.
The third is to improve judicial openness and in-depth supervision. By synchronizing the trial data with the blockchain network in real time, the court can form an effective full-process, full-chain, and non-contact supervision of the entire trial execution business. Blockchain data records, through the use of multi-party data hash synchronization and the use of timestamps, leaving data records that cannot be tampered with time, occurrence nodes, relevant responsible departments, and responsible persons. Based on this record, the supervisors can combine the digital identity, trusted data, digital certificates, etc. to be trusted to register, and provide information such as identity, time stamp, and voucher registration to the third party that invokes the information to achieve verifiable monitoring data. Auditing and traceability make it convenient for supervisors to conduct forensic evidence, and retrospectively restore all historical data of events and cases. The parties can verify the authenticity of the relevant trial execution data records through any trusted node participating in the blockchain network. The court can also realize the transfer of evidence and circulation across units, in judicial appraisal, judicial entrustment, Judicial assistance, side control and other scenarios have been applied, intelligent and automated execution of trial orders, thus making the court's trial process open, court transcripts open, referee documents open, executive information disclosure on a higher level of technology to achieve transparency, let Judicial authority and judicial credibility have been further enhanced, and the space for judicial corruption has been further compressed.
Original source: " People's Court "
Author: Lishi Yin