Legal Daily, full media reporter Zhang Wei Ding Guofeng
On November 16th, the Ministry of Justice held the “Digital Rule of Law and Wisdom Judicature” Information System Construction Promotion Conference “blockchain+rule of law” forum held in Nanjing. Participants experienced convenient and professional intelligent legal services in the intelligent legal service robot experience hall at the venue, and exchanged information application in the rule of law field.
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Entering the experience hall, the reporter saw that Jiang Xiaozhi, a public legal service robot in Jiangsu Province, warmly welcomes visitors to provide legal services in real time.
Want to bring the legal service intelligent robot home? The Beijing Municipal Bureau of Justice brought the WeChat end-to-end robot, and after scanning the QR code, it was able to obtain a mobile-powered small robot and take home the process of communicating with the cute robot and the professional reply.
The Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Justice has brought the legal service robot "Da Niu". How many cows does it have? Small in size and capable, its service speed and accuracy have beaten human lawyers many times.
“Da Niu” applied the latest blockchain technology. “Da Niu” transmits the quantity, category and satisfaction of the services generated in the legal service process to the background in real time, resulting in “transcripts” that cannot be tampered with.
When the masses expect this technology to be widely used in multi-angle and multi-scenario fields such as public services and people's livelihood, the "blockchain + rule of law" will show a high degree of integration in the combination of social, service and mass characteristics.
The reporter observed that after the local judicial bureaus widely applied these new technologies to serve the masses, they turned their attention to blockchain technology. The typical application industry has taken shape and has been extended to multi-faceted and multi-disciplinary areas to identification, arbitration, legal aid, and judicial examinations. Wait.
"Blockchain + Rule of Law"
Various application scenarios will be very extensive
The reporter learned from the forum that the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Justice explored the application of blockchain technology in five aspects around the rule of law and the “one overall, four functions” work layout of the judicial administration.
In terms of administrative legislation, the Jiangsu Provincial Department of Justice uses the blockchain to retrieve legal implementation data in the areas of justice and law enforcement, conduct post-legislative assessments and multi-dimensional analysis, and improve the comprehensiveness and scientific nature of the assessment; Law enforcement departments jointly build alliance chains to achieve automatic supervision on the chain; in the case of special population service management, real-time record management object behavior, strengthen internal and external collaborative management education; in public legal services, rely on blockchain to create information sharing and shared trust ecosystem, Improve service efficiency; in the resolution of contradictions and disputes, promote disputes and behaviors on the chain, and assist in the identification of disputes.
At the forum, Ma Xiaofeng, dean of the Tongji District Block Chain Research Institute in Suzhou, said in his speech that “blockchain + rule of law” will help comprehensively govern and improve the efficiency of the four functions. He believes that the blockchain can be combined with criminal enforcement supervision to record the request for commutation, parole, and provisional execution, trial, ruling, decision, and enforcement activities, and to supervise the legitimacy. Distributed shared community corrections can also be implemented based on blockchains, such as sales, field visits, community service registrations, routine regulatory records, survey assessment records, and more.
The Judicial Bureau of Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province explored the “blockchain + rule of law” and officially “locked” the application scenarios to the law enforcement process in the field of administrative law enforcement, to improve the community correction and resettlement assistance and teaching work.
In the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, which is sparsely populated, the distribution of urban and rural legal service resources is uneven. How to meet the multi-level and individualized legal service needs of the masses has always been the “problem” explored by the Justice Department of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The Inner Mongolia Justice Department explored the application of blockchain “public chain” technology to promote the openness and transparency of public legal services. In addition to confidential data, the public legal service data records on the public chain are made public, promoting data sharing, optimizing business processes, and improving synergy efficiency. At the same time, through data aggregation analysis and screening, in-depth understanding of the actual needs of the masses, and promote the reform of the supply side of public legal services. The Inner Mongolia Department of Justice has established a “private chain” to strengthen the law enforcement process and conduct a comprehensive and objective evaluation of law enforcement personnel and law enforcement activities. In addition, the Inner Mongolia Department of Justice also explored the establishment of a “union chain” of notarization and forensic identification to achieve electronic evidence solidification and party integrity data sharing.
Blockchain application in the field of notary
Original protection has been put into use first
The application of the blockchain in the notary field can promote the ability of notaries to strengthen cross-regional and cross-disciplinary capabilities, effectively broaden the business ecology and expand business areas, and help the notarization industry to achieve safe, efficient, low-cost data validation applications and efficient value transmission. The productivity of the liberation of notary agencies, especially in the field of electronic contracts, intellectual property protection and other fields will play a huge role.
As early as 2017, the Lujiang Notary Office of Xiamen City, Fujian Province tried to explore the application and practice of the blockchain, speeding up the reshaping of the notarization industry and leading the development of industrial innovation.
Fujian Province effectively responded to the demand for data docking of the Internet Court's electronic evidence management platform based on blockchain technology, improved the use of notarized electronic data and electronic notarial certificates, and catered to the need to continuously expand the notary business. In the past two years, after completing basic work such as software and hardware equipment provision, project research, technology research and development, and talent introduction, the company has participated in the research of “to the letter chain” project, and Fujian Province has established a “notarization cloud” to help the construction of smart justice.
Lujiang Notary Office has successively explored the application of practice blockchain technology, and combined with the characteristics of the notary industry, established and improved the "Notarization of Notarized Blockchain Platform Access and Management", providing important technical standards and regulatory norms for the construction of industrial blockchain. reference.
In terms of business applications, Lujiang Notary Public Office has developed a Chinese intellectual property notary service platform, which has become a typical case of blockchain technology application. The notary institution takes advantage of the platform's multi-point distributed forensics technology, adopts multi-site cooperative services, and joint operations forensics, and gives full play to the advantages of the notarization system in intellectual property protection.
The 2018 Women's World Cup live broadcast infringement case and the 2019 CCTV Spring Festival live broadcast infringement case are typical cases of the local notary office actively applying the platform to carry out multi-point online forensics and preservation, and safeguarding the legitimate interests of the public and the business platform.
The platform realizes the unified collection of electronic data of deposit certificates, which makes the managers clear at a glance. It provides a reference for the formulation of intellectual property protection policies through dynamic monitoring and big data analysis of IPR infringement patterns, regions, and infringement objects. As of November 13 this year, there were 714 notary offices in China's IPR notary service platform, and 85,913 pieces of intellectual property electronic data were kept.
The Shandong Provincial Department of Justice applied the blockchain technology to the field of property rights notarization, and developed the blockchain notary platform, setting up “original protection”, “rights forensics”, “fixed electronic data”, “application for issuing a notarial certificate”, “blockchain function”, etc. Seven modules will promote the extension of notarization services to the whole process of intellectual property generation, use of circulation and rights relief, further simplify the process of solidification, preservation and identification of intellectual property electronic evidence, and realize the application of notarization services online and offline, online and offline. .
Jinan Gaoxin Notary Office uses blockchain technology to establish an electronic data storage platform to provide full-process notarization services for music copyright protection. At present, there are more than 200 pieces of musical works that have been deposited. This year, the completion of the bidding work for the blockchain in the fields of notarization and judicial appraisal has started the bidding work, and it is expected to go online in March next year.
Blockchain application in arbitration
Create a 5G network electronic evidence platform
In 2018, the Shandong Provincial Department of Justice also planned in advance, actively explored the integration of blockchain technology and judicial administration, and introduced the blockchain technology in the fields of arbitration, notarization and judicial identification.
This year, the “Digital Rule of Law and Wisdom Judicial” information system construction plan of Shandong Province was “released”, and the blockchain was listed as the key content, and it was also listed as the key task of “Digital Government” construction in Shandong Province.
The Qingdao Municipal Arbitration Commission actively explored the application of the blockchain in the field of arbitration. In April this year, it initiated an international arbitration symposium, inviting internationally renowned arbitration experts to discuss and discuss the ABC new industry (artificial intelligence, blockchain). At the same time, cooperate with the super-chain of large Internet companies to establish an advanced electronic evidence platform based on 5G network slicing technology, using blockchain, artificial intelligence and other technologies to securely transmit and deposit electronic evidence, and automatically obtain evidence for demonstration. And intelligent arbitration cases.
This platform has been running for more than two months and has stored more than 21,000 pieces of electronic evidence.
For the future prospects of combining blockchain technology with the rule of law, Ma Xiaofeng hopes that blockchain technology and administrative law enforcement supervision, legal aid, lawyer qualification certificate and practice certificate management, legal consultation, etc. can be combined to make use of blockchain data. The sharing mode realizes the joint maintenance and utilization of government data across departments and regions, and promotes the coordinated administration of judicial administrative services; it provides more intelligent, more convenient and better public services for the people in the field of people's livelihood.