21st Century Business Herald Liu Meilin reports from Guangzhou
Source: 21st Century Business Herald
As the deputy dean of the blockchain training college in Huangpu District, Guangzhou, Li Tao often has to do blockchain training for government officials and business managers. But this November, his work is more busy than usual.
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"In the period after the 24th, from the province to the city, the Science and Technology Department, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments have a large number of people to the Huangpu District for investigation, investigation and exchange." Li Tao told the 21st Century Economic Reporter, This month, not only frequent visits by various departments in Guangdong Province, but also inland cities such as Changsha and Wuhan have come to Huangpu District for inspection and exchange. “These cities all want to introduce advanced technologies in the blockchain, digest and innovate in the local market, and bring opportunities for transformation in their own cities.”
Earlier on October 24th, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee conducted the eighteenth collective study on the status quo and trends of blockchain technology development. Since then, “accelerating the promotion of blockchain technology and industrial innovation” has become the focus of new work from the central to the local.
Above the blockchain vents, many cities are accelerating their follow-up. The 21st Century Business Herald noted that within a short period of one month, local policies in the blockchain were intensively introduced, including Guangzhou, Kunming, Chengdu, Chongqing and other cities responding quickly and issuing support policy documents.
Urban blockchain competition
“The people who come to investigate mainly focus on three questions: What technology is the blockchain in the end? What can it bring to the enterprise? How does the supervisory unit pull the policy and resources to truly bring value to the enterprise?” According to Li Tao Recently, from the government to various competent authorities, we attach great importance to how the blockchain technology is integrated with the real economy.
In fact, since the blockchain technology entered the public view in 2016, major cities in China have already been laid out in advance.
The 21st Century Business Herald reporter and a number of industry insiders found that based on the number of patents, the number of companies and industry reputation, the "first camp" of China's blockchain has reached consensus in the industry – Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, The five cities in Hangzhou rank the first echelon.
For example, in terms of patent volume, the total number of patent applications in China's blockchain reached 11,970, and the four cities with the largest number of patent applications were Beijing, Hangzhou, Shenzhen and Shanghai. From the perspective of the number of blockchain alliances, there are currently 8 blockchain alliances in China. Shanghai ranks first in the country with four blockchain alliances, and two in Beijing and Shenzhen.
It is worth noting that different cities “genes” also determine the focus of each city development blockchain.
Beijing focuses on the direction of the industry. China Internet Finance Association blockchain research working group, China blockchain (sandbox) research center, Beijing Datong blockchain technology research institute and many other national research institutions are in Beijing.
In contrast, Shanghai and Shenzhen, as “financial towns”, pay more attention to the exploration of blockchain financial attributes. The Interbank Market Blockchain Technology Research Group and the Lujiazui Blockchain Financial Development Alliance are located in Shanghai. The “Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District Trade Finance Blockchain Platform” set up by the central bank is also in trial operation in Shenzhen.
As for Guangzhou and Hangzhou, in Li Tao's view, “Because of the strong foreign trade genes in Guangzhou, the application development of blockchain pays more attention to the combination of trade. Hangzhou has gained a huge dividend in the Internet era and hopes to continue in the blockchain era.”
Not limited to the “first camp”, the blockchain has become a new battleground for competition between cities. In this regard, Liu Feng, an industrial professor at Binjiang College of Nanjing University of Information Science and a member of the blockchain professional committee of the China Automation Society, pointed out that a city should maintain rationality and do its utmost in the process of developing blockchain.
“For first-tier and second-tier cities, whether it is the attraction of talents, technical empowerment or industrial upgrading, the development of blockchains is particularly suitable. However, for cities with three or fewer lines, it may be necessary to develop according to their own characteristics. Instead of blindly following the wind to subsidize the cutting-edge technology like blockchain. After all, for these cities, the technical talents who create the blockchain may be difficult to meet the demand, and the corresponding supporting facilities will bring financial pressure. Liu Feng said.
Empowering urban multi-application scenarios
For the general public, the blockchain seems to be still far away.
Referral to a doctor, every time you change a hospital, you should repeat the medical history, repeat the examination, and may even miss the best opportunity for treatment. How can you get through the isolation between hospitals?
Administrative punishment, on-site execution of punishment is always difficult to grasp, a violation of the rules may be fined 100 yuan, may also be fined 50, how to introduce technical means in the law enforcement process to change this dilemma?
Online shopping, the success of buyers and sellers is based on trust in the platform. If the third-party platform itself is doing fake, who will guarantee the credibility of the platform?
Based on strong technical features, the blockchain will solve all of the above problems. “People can improve mutual trust through blockchain without third-party central institutions and credit institutions, reduce collaboration costs, and intelligently distribute labor to help people share their rights and interests, and thus achieve fairer and more reasonable in the digital economy era. Yuan Yuming, dean of the Fire Coin Research Institute, pointed out that precisely because the blockchain has technical features such as non-tamperable, intelligent contracts, distributed storage, etc., the blockchain will construct a unique social trust mechanism that will profoundly affect every ordinary person. life.
“The blockchain is a great place to be used in urban governance,” Yuan Yuming told the 21st Century Business Herald. “For example, based on the blockchain-based invoicing system, it can make invoice fraud more difficult, and false invoices can’t be recorded in the district. Blockchain system. At the same time, because the blockchain account is openly available, when the consumer needs invoice reimbursement, the process can be greatly simplified, and the reimbursement will be less difficult to verify.
In terms of government affairs data, various localities have also developed creative blockchain application scenarios. The first real estate electronic certificate was born in Hunan. The first electronic business license appeared in Chongqing, and Shenzhen opened the first blockchain electronic in China. Invoice and traffic fine electronic bills.
Li Tao talked about the concrete landing of the future blockchain in the public welfare field. "For example, when the public interest goes, where is the money going? In the past, the book can only be disclosed, but the account may be fraudulent. Is it possible to solve it through a technology? The realization can not be falsified, can not be copied, rather than relying on the conscious consciousness of human nature? This blockchain can be done."
In the business scenario, if the parties to the contract do not trust each other, they often find a third-party investigation company to prove the authenticity of the identity and the transaction, and the contract may also be fraudulent. The emergence of the entire evidence chain electronic contract will change this dilemma. Encrypted and solidified storage through blockchain technology. Once the data is falsified, all the contents of the contract need to be changed. The cost is huge and almost impossible to achieve.
A person working on an electronic contract explained, "Data security begins at the moment you sign up, including the time to read the contract, face recognition, IP address records, model of the landing device, etc."
Huang Shizhen, director of the Block Chain Industrial Park in Xingsha District, Changsha, also expressed his optimism about the application prospects of the blockchain. “For example, food safety, this is the deepest experience for everyone. Using blockchain technology to achieve traceability of the entire supply chain of food helps to ensure food safety.”
In the near future, parking, medical treatment and even wages, these most common life scenarios may use blockchain on a large scale. As Huang Shizhen said, "Good technology, good things, will definitely be accepted by people."
Strengthening science and improving supervision
Since many people use the name of "blockchain" to carry out illegal fund-raising and speculation, and the blockchain has not yet seen commercial large-scale use cases, the public's understanding of blockchain technology is not sufficient.
"The misunderstanding of everyone is that all kinds of coins are equal to blockchain. For ordinary people, there is a huge risk in purchasing digital currency." Li Tao said that although the blockchain originated from digital currency, digital currency is only a blockchain. An application.
Yuan Yuming told the 21st Century Economic Reporter that in addition to the financial trap, there is another distortion. “There are “pseudo-innovations” in a small number of projects. They do not effectively solve the pain points and practical problems. They are not combined with the real economy. At the same time, they use high valuation calculations far exceeding the industry average. Such projects are actually blockchains. use."
It is precisely because the exploration of the blockchain is still in its infancy, and it is particularly important to improve supervision.
In Liu Feng's view, the domestic blockchain can be divided into two circles, namely, the chain of circles—based on technical research, industry-based, and the currency circle—represented by blockchain tokens.
"On the one hand, the country will continue to support the development of blockchain technology, promote the integration of this technology with various industry sectors, and form an industrialization. On the other hand, the state will maintain a high-pressure supervision of blockchain token financial activities. Liu Feng said.
In fact, the national level has already begun to act. On November 20th, the National Standards Committee said that a group of national professional standardization technical committees will be established in the near future, and among them there is a blockchain. According to the announcement, “the establishment of a number of technical committees such as the start of blockchain and distributed accounting technology is currently under way.”
At the same time, local governments are stepping up supervision of virtual currency. On November 15, Shanghai issued a notice on the development of virtual currency trading venues. On November 21, Shenzhen also issued a risk warning to prevent illegal activities of “virtual currency”. Both places will carry out investigation and rectification of virtual currency trading venues.
It is worth mentioning that at present, there is no regional division of labor in the blockchain in China, and the division of labor between the central and local governments in the construction of blockchain infrastructure has not yet been clarified.
In this regard, Huang Shizhen analyzed the 21st Century Business Herald reporters. If one or several localities concentrate their efforts, focus on a field or direction of the blockchain and promote the research and development results nationwide, which may reduce the homogenization of each place. competition.
“The country develops industry standards from a large direction, and develops from the top-level design. Local and local enterprises will then apply the blockchain according to local conditions.” Huang Shizhen advocated.
"I think it may be a policy as follows", Liu Feng analysis, from a technical perspective, "the future centrally formulates standards, presides over and builds the blockchain master node. Local governments follow the specified standards and norms as secondary nodes. Involved in the blockchain system. Because the blockchain is a shared decentralized ledger, it is likely to eventually create a resource pool similar to the national public cloud to all places, while opening up resources and information in various places."
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