The market generally believes that China will become the first country to issue a new currency, the central bank digital currency. After the collective study of the Central Political Bureau on October 24, it gave the world a signal to the Chinese government to accelerate the development of blockchain technology. Governments have promoted the development of blockchain technology into their national development strategies. First, the Federal Reserve has loosened its attitude towards central bank digital currencies, and international government-level policies on the development of blockchain technology have also been introduced.
Recently, the European Commission and the European Investment Fund (EIF) announced that they will launch a special investment fund of 2 billion euros in artificial intelligence and blockchain technology. In 2020, the fund will first invest 300 million to 400 million euros in the above fields. The EU has changed its tough refusal in digital currency and increased investment in the field of blockchain technology. Statistics from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development Data show that from 2011 to 2018, two-thirds of global private investment in artificial intelligence went to artificial intelligence companies headquartered in the United States, 21% went to Chinese companies, and less than 10% went to European companies. The United Kingdom is an important destination for artificial intelligence investment in the European Union, accounting for about 55% of the total investment, and Brexit may lead to further shrinking of EU-related investments. In turn, it promotes the EU's innovative development in blockchain technology.
The South Korean government plans to provide a huge reward of 383 million US dollars for blockchain development in the next six years. It is reported that the Ministry of Science and Information and Communications Technology of Korea plans to use this funding to promote the development of original blockchain technology The realization of "driven economy", in the international general knowledge, the United States, China, and South Korea have been leading the world in the research and application of blockchain technology. The development of the Korean blockchain industry network has accelerated since 2017. In 2018, the amount of investment and financing ranked third in the world. This enlargement of the move will not only fill the gap between China and the United States, but also have the intention of catching up. .
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At present, the development stage and development characteristics of the blockchain industry vary from country to country. Encourage technology and policy supervision with different focuses. China is leading the way in the research of blockchain technology, especially in the application of digital currencies, but the regulatory system is still not perfect, and there are many imbalances in the development of the blockchain industry. From a rational point of view, China is not mature enough in the industrialization of the blockchain and is in the early stages.
1. Deviation in the combined use of blockchain finance
At present, 38% of global blockchain companies are concentrated in the field of cryptocurrencies, and 23% of companies focus on blockchain technology research and development. The Internet and financial industries are the two most widely used fields; the number of US, China, and UK blockchain companies is ranked The top three, according to the latest statistics, there are nearly 28,000 blockchain companies in China. Among them, 25,000 are issuing coins, and about 4,000 are for applications. 89% of Chinese blockchain companies have issued coins. The market size has reached 110 billion yuan. Domestic use of blockchain as a gimmick has appeared. The emergence of web fraud.
2. One-sided features are also prominent in technological development
China's blockchain industry has entered a period of rapid development since 2016. As of July 25, 2019, the number of open blockchain patent applications worldwide has reached more than 18,000. The number of applications from 2015 to 2018 has increased rapidly year by year, and has entered 2019. The annual patent application rate has slowed down. China still maintains a rapid growth trend, accounting for more than half of the global patent share, three times the number of US patent applications, but most of the authorized patents are utility model and marginal patents. As of the end of 2018, there were 771 blocks worldwide Chain invention patents were authorized, and there were only 53 in China.
3. Data security risks in the digital identity field
Following the Cambridge analysis of the data breach, Facebook has had a major data breach that has left the public skeptical of existing data storage methods. Issues such as domestic Internet data breaches and commercialization of identity information have also attracted great public attention. Block-based The authentication system of blockchain technology has made it urgent for users to log in securely. Blockchain technology cannot ensure the authenticity of the data source due to its decentralization, encryption, and tamper-resistant features. Once the false information is uploaded, it is difficult to modify it. The problems of fragmentation of digital identity information, easy data leakage, and difficult self-control by users still need to be explored and resolved.
Encouraging development is not tantamount to blind development, eliminating false prosperity and development illusions. At the stage of policy promotion of rapid development, clearing the root cause and clearing up market chaos are the main contradictions that need to be resolved at present. The industry still has a long way to go!