6 million years of humankind, 6 million years of trust

Author: Hang Zhou child, block chain Yanxishe Contributing Writer, Cong era incubator CEO, Central Plains Ecological Union Block Chaining (CBEA) co-founder. This article is one of a series of articles about the underlying characteristics of the blockchain by the author. The purpose of this article is to explain the meaning of the word trust for civilization and society, and what depth of trust in the form of blockchain can bring to civilization, society and the public. Change.

It is said that in the grave robber world, it started like this:

Two people cooperated, one on the ground and one on the ground. The person on the ground was responsible for pulling the excavated things to the ground with a rope and a basket. Finally, the person under the ground was also pulled up.

However, it often appeared that once the digged thing was in hand, the one above ran off with the thing first, and some even kicked down and filled the pit.

Therefore, the reform became the cooperation between the father and the son. At first, the son was on the top, and the father was on the bottom (because of the rich experience). However, the son still left the father and ran away with his own things.

Later, it became, with the son below and the father above. The situation of running away alone is basically gone.

However, how can a tomb rob, which is both stimulating and profitable, can flourish if it can only be maintained by the relationship between father and son?

If there was a grave robber association at the time, this must be the theme of the annual meeting, and the sharing guests must have Cao Cao, Cao Cao must be able to come to a " On how to develop the market through militarized management without blood relationship between grave robbers " Theme sharing.

Yes, it is not unreasonable for Cao Cao to be regarded as the ancestor of the grave robber industry. He used force and used militarized management to set up a full-time grave robber agency in the army, and set up "Faqiu Zhonglang General" and "Mold Gold School "Wei" rank, stole property to fill the army, fully support the army for ten years to eat and drink.

However, this form of "army theft" does not apply to other people. What is the reason for mutual trust and restraint among folk graves?

Two words, law.

Are you saying that this law does not prohibit grave theft? Should not be the enemy of the grave robber?

Yes, but the enemy's enemy is a friend. If you do n’t follow the way, I will report you. Let ’s burn everything together and burn the jade. This is a good thing of a certain nation.

Therefore, the grave robbing industry, which has been in existence for thousands of years, not only has not ended, but on the contrary, it has developed into a large-scale industrialized scale, and has formed "palm eyes", "branch pots", "legs", "suffering" Specialized division of labor; in some regions, even corporate management is implemented, and grave explorers and skilled workers need to abide by the basic salary plus commission performance evaluation system.

The example of grave robbing is meant to say "trust". The word sounds smooth and abstract, but it is an emperor who passes the country to his son. The people of Argentina are willing to make a 60% discount for their national currency. Family goods are placed in Yu'ebao … the bottom logic of these actions.

For the country, trust is closely related to the creation of industrial structures and large-scale organizations, which are vital to economic prosperity and competitiveness.

Low trust cultures are represented by China, southern Italy, and France; high trust cultures are represented by Japan, Germany, and the United States. Specifically, societies with high trust and social capital like Japan and Germany can create large institutions without state support; the scale of private companies in the United States and Germany is much larger than in Italy and France.

For society, trust is about happiness. When you walk on the street, you are not afraid that others will suddenly cut you with a knife. This is the progress of trust in cultural infection.

For individuals, trust is the foundation of your life. Some people can get a friend's loan without owing an IOU, and some people can borrow less than a penny when they arrive on the property.

Trust is born in this world with human beings. It can be said that 6 million years of humanity is 6 million years of trust.

01 Blood Trust

"Hell, what the hell is this?"

One day in May 2009, a strange statue was unearthed near the Danube Valley in Germany. According to radiocarbon dating, this statue belongs to the Paleolithic Age at least 35,000 years ago. But archeologists never see what it is.

It wasn't until they looked at the statue as a humanoid that they finally confirmed that it was a female statue with unusually plump breasts and buttocks, and it was named "Venus of Hollerfils".

I have no imagination

At the beginning of the last century, archeologists successively discovered hundreds of small, paleolithic female nude statues from prehistoric sites in Europe, Asia, and the Americas. Although they are distributed in different regional civilizations, they have one thing in common: Women's physical and reproductive characteristics are particularly prominent. They are short in stature, full in body and chest, rounded and plump in hips.

Some archeologists and art historians have collectively referred to this type of breast-busting women as "prehistoric Venus."

In the early stages of human society, the natural conditions are harsh, the level of social development is extremely low, human life is extremely short, and the mortality rate is very high. Reproduction is the primary goal of ethnic groups.

The influence of men on fertility is invisible and difficult to detect. The high belly of a woman after conception and the feeding of her baby with a breast after childbirth are regarded as a symbol of fertility. Therefore, women's magical fertility is worshipped and even myth. Women occupy a particularly important position in social life and social concepts. For example, the surname of the surname is next to the female character.

The clan maintained by blood is the basis for people's survival, people protect each other, and divide labor according to sex and age.

Young men perform hunting, fishing, and defending beasts; women perform heavy tasks such as collecting food, grilling food, sewing clothes, and raising young and old; the elderly and children engage in auxiliary labor and live together when they are alive, after death Buried together, they have a common clan cemetery.

This way of life guarantees a reliable source of life. Chaotic blood relations and ethical relationships make social conflicts weak and rarely fight (everyone is a relative), and play an extremely important role in maintaining the survival and reproduction of the clan.

Bloodline pulled human species back from the extinct death line.

02 Force Trust

The wheel of history came to 1804, when Britain began to establish a colony on Tasmania.

When the British arrived, the indigenous people happily welcomed these uninvited guests with traditional rituals, singing and dancing and welcoming them with smiles. However, the colonialists did not talk nonsense with them and shot them directly. In April 1828, the Governor-General of Australia, Arthur, ordered that the criminals be formed into a "clearance team" to hunt and kill Tasmanians everywhere. The soldiers were entitled to shoot when they saw the islanders.

The government later publicly rewarded the islanders: £ 5 for live adults and £ 2 for children. "Killing black people" became a politically correct business. Since then, the British colonists have massacred and driven these defenseless people. By 1876, the last pure-bred Tasmanian woman named Truganini had died. The Tasmanian Races have since become extinct on Earth.

Truganini

Moving from blood to geography is a key role in the continuous expansion and complexity of human social relations.

Bloodlines can build trust, but in the past, the blood relationship between men and their offspring could not be verified, and many early clans retained the custom of "killing the first son". In addition, with the development of human society, in addition to eating enough food, surplus goods are produced, trade is created, and the gap between rich and poor is also created.

There is a gap between families, there is also a gap between various clans, human psychology has changed, this imbalanced comparative psychology in human nature does not know when it breeds: I am 10 yuan cheaper than the eggs you bought, completely You won't feel sad because of your loss, but can produce a small sense of happiness and joy.

It does n’t matter if you do n’t eat enough, but you ca n’t bear it if you eat better than me. Amplifying this mentality is plunder and war.

Force replaced blood as a force to manage organizations and maintain order of trust. The plunder, intermarriage and integration caused by the war broke the purity of the blood on the original territory.

Humans are beginning to move towards their own desires.

Since the use of force on the stage of human history, it has never ended. Throughout the history of humankind, there is endless violence and war. In this environment, the survival and growth of the group has depended heavily on its ability to war.

Genghis Khan's sweep of Eurasia, Australia's bloodbath on other nations in Oceania, the slaughter of Jews in Germany during World War II … Under the disparity of strength, there are often some nations on the earth to conquer and destroy other nations of.

Massacre in Rwanda kills 800,000 to 1 million people

Every time history is divided, every time the order of civilization cooperation expands, it is like a "historical whirlpool", involving the surrounding civilization and population at its core.

And every point of reunification is nothing else but war. It has continuously played the role of destroying the old social relationship function in human history. It is an indispensable prelude to cooperation at every level of human history.

The more the war fought, the higher the level of cooperation became.

The feudal aristocracy's war contributed to the nation state. The war between nation states has led to the integration of continents. Europe, America, and Asia are gradually becoming integrated. After the cooperation order at this level was established, war at this level was basically suppressed.

France and Germany, that is a feud. Even if there are so many historical grievances, there will be no resurgence in the future. At this level, they merge. The brutal "Thirty Years' War" of Germany laid a foreshadowing for Bismarck's unification of Germany.

The worse the fight, the deeper everyone understands it.

At this time, history jumped to the next level. After Britain, France, Germany, and Russia each established nation states, the internal integration was high, and the contradictions between countries became increasingly acute. Then there were two world wars.

However, after the two wars, consensus was formed, and all human beings knew that they could no longer fight. This was the Cold War that followed. To the extent that the two major groups are antagonized, we dare not really take action.

From an organizational point of view, from the initial small family, to small tribes with dozens of people, to the emirate united by tribes, eventually a country emerged, and the shape of the country became more and more complex and larger.

In a nutshell, the so-called history of human civilization is the process of the continuous expansion of human cooperation and the improvement of the level of organization under the impetus of war.

War is a historical phenomenon that is extremely destructive, and a kind of disaster created by mankind. But just like natural disasters, it promotes the continuous progress of humankind. It can be said that war is one of the important ways to promote the development of human history.

03 Cultural Trust

There is a story everyone is familiar with: Scientists locked five monkeys in a cage with a string of bananas hanging from it. The experimenter installed an automatic device. Once it was detected that a monkey was going to pick up a banana, water would be sprayed into the cage immediately, and all five monkeys would be wet. At first, every monkey wanted to get a banana. Of course, the result was that every monkey got wet. After several attempts by each monkey, the results were the same. So the monkeys reached a consensus: don't get bananas to avoid being sprayed with water.

Later, the experimenter released one of the monkeys and replaced it with a new monkey A. The monkey saw the banana and immediately went to get it. As a result, he was beaten by the other four monkeys. Because the other four monkeys thought that monkey A would harm them from being drenched in water, they stopped it from picking bananas. Monkey A tried several times. Although he was beaten up, he still didn't get bananas. Of course, the five monkeys were not sprayed with water.

Later, the experimenter released an old monkey and replaced it with another new monkey B. When Monkey B saw the banana, he couldn't wait to get it. Of course, just like what happened just now, the other four monkeys had a K meal. And, that monkey A played the hardest. Monkey B tried a few times and was always beaten badly, so he had to give up.

Then slowly one by one, all the old monkeys were replaced with new monkeys, and everyone was afraid to move the bananas. But they don't know why, they only know that monkeys will be flattened when they move the banana.

This is the origin of morality.

Force itself has never been its purpose. From cold weapons to muskets, cannons, and tanks, its lethality has always been within a certain limit. But human beings are not only superpowered on the earth, but also created weapons that can exterminate themselves— — Atomic weapons.

So although weapons and wars have played a positive role in social history, they have always been premised on limited use, otherwise they will be the self-extinction of species that have never occurred in the course of biological evolution.

In order to avoid the same end, man must restrict war. The most direct and effective way to restrict war is to form a larger community on a larger scale. The tools used are culture and its derivatives, including morals, norms, contracts …

The early cultures of all nations have almost no taboos and laws. Their purpose and function is to combat extreme self-interest, establish norms, limit the inherent destructive tendencies in human natural temperament, and make a non-blooded group not return along the biological track selfish.

Cultural exchange is the conquest of a weak culture by a strong culture

However, as far as nature is concerned, man is self-interested, selfishness is innate, and culture-generated altruism is acquired.

In other words, blood and force are innate to human beings, and culture is artificially made by human beings.

Selfishness is heritable, but cultural acquisition cannot be inherited through reproduction and lineage. So the culture began its difficult challenge of transforming nature. It must be so, or we must abandon the organization and society, and shrink into small groups of blood and close interactions that may be extinct at any time.

Fortunately, God is a master of balance. His elderly man buried an egg. Like selfishness, it is also written in human genes and human emotions, the so-called compassion, which is the ability to empathize. Culture, a biological force, has created altruism within non-blooded groups. This altruism and human emotions work together to suppress the selfish demon and gain the upper hand.

The human nature, which has not undergone major changes under the 5,000-year-old culture, contradicts the fact that selfish genes are inherent. So philosophers say that civilization is a piece of thin paper, and barbarism may break in at any time.

But there is a good side to human cultural behavior, that is, the vast majority of people taught by civilization never return to barbarism.

Therefore, in many cases, culture has replaced costly force as a means to further expand the community of human civilization.

04 Habitual Trust

The main component of culture is regulation, which is how to be a person.

The establishment of norms means that most people have consciously or unconsciously followed a code of conduct, and punishment need only be directed at a few people. This eliminates the need for costly slaughter, and only by punishing those who do not comply with the norms, can achieve the purpose of cooperation.

Others will, like monkeys, consciously punish unruly people, and this ability to imitate and copy quickly spreads, forming habits.

Everyday routine plays a huge role in the sense of security and trust of an adult. For example, you go downstairs to buy breakfast every morning. This habit depends on the habits of the breakfast shop owner and your trust in his habits.

We live on huge inertia

The dependence of social members on mutual habits and the trust in maintaining habits among themselves have formed the anticipation of social relations and public order. Daily routines create the stability and anticipation of life, as well as the psychological stability and confidence of people. This psychological feeling helps people cover up and overcome the unpredictability in the ontology.

And habits not only shape personality in the growth period, but also, after that, rely on the social pressure on defaulters and untrustworthy people to restrict people's behaviors and speed up and strengthen cooperation.

Trust is not rationality, trust is dependence on past memory, dependence on time, and dependence on history. The combination of time and space is a hotbed of trust.

In the world of animal evolution, territory is a force older than gender. The bond between a man and the land under his feet is stronger than the bond between a woman sleeping with him. In your life, how many people do you know die for his country and how many die for women?

05 Code Trust

There is a dragon, and every year the village is required to sacrifice a virgin. Every year, a young hero in this village will fight the dragon, but no one survives. When another hero set off, someone quietly followed. The dragon cave is covered with gold and silver treasures, the hero stabs the evil dragon with a sword, then sits on the corpse, looks at the glittering jewels, thinks about the beautiful girl, slowly grows scales, tails and tentacles, and finally turns into a dragon .

When social rights are given to a centralized organization that is completely controlled by someone, no one can escape the curse of evil dragons, and at some point, they will breed scales and become evil dragons.

The person who tests humanity is the dumbest X. Regardless of the blood, the regime born of force, or the culture and habits, in essence, the foundation of trust between members of society is built on "people."

But after so many years of evolution, "human" has become a complex species. Man can create miracles and massacres. This is the shortcoming of human nature and the greatness of human nature.

The iron of history tells us that every order constructed by imagination will never admit that it is out of imagination and fiction, but talks about itself as a natural and inevitable result, and personal desire becomes the most powerful fictional order. Guardian.

At present, the world is experiencing a huge conflict of culture and force, and habits are also changed by science and technology in units of weeks. The information explosion brought by the Internet has almost broken through human brain capacity, and there has been no major breakthrough in basic subjects for nearly a century. Improved in the discipline of "Ponzi".

At the time of the 6 million years of human existence, war has not disappeared, the gap between rich and poor has continued to widen, and human beings have not made sufficient progress in the world they created. Whether it is human or animal gaps, or the constraints of carbon-based biological capabilities, we have decided to transfer some rights to machines and trust them in algorithms to form a non-human will order.

We need to combine the latest technology, make changes in the underlying system such as production relations, establish a new form of social organization, get rid of the constraints of human nature, and enter a new era of civilization.

The underlying foundation of society is only the contract and smart agreement between people, which is open and transparent and cannot be tampered with. As long as these contracts and agreements are implemented, everyone is properly driving the freedom they deserve in the market, and the entire system will become more orderly and dynamic, and we will continue to gain wealth and happiness instead of being led by heroes or wise emperors .

References

Alzhowski: Chinese version of "General Introduction to Archeology"
Mongate: Edition of Soviet Archaeology
Timothy Champion: Prehistoric Europe
Boss Ekami: "About the Statue of the Paleolithic Age"
Huang Yongfei: "Re-discussion of the Statuette of the Primitive Society Goddess"
Zheng Yefu: Theory of Trust
The Four Knights of Apocalypse, also known as the Four Knights of Doom, are from the sixth chapter of the Bible's New Testament, "Apocalypse," and are traditionally and literally interpreted as the White Horse Knight-Plague, Red Horse Knight-War, Dark Horse Knight- Famine, Grey Horse Knight-Death, this is a description of the twists and turns of the human world from the perspective of natural disasters and man-made disasters.
 
The author will rewrite the Four Horsemen of Apocalypse from the perspective of how human beings develop step by step, and then create wealth and happiness. The above is the first article: The four knights of the New Apocalypse trust the knights. In fact, the keywords represented by these four knights are the four characteristics of the blockchain.

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Disclaimer: This article is the independent opinion of the author, does not represent the position of the Blockchain Research Institute (public account), nor does it constitute any investment opinions or suggestions , picture source network .