It's great to let go of the delicate work at hand and make a small difference in thought. That's how I heard Mr. Zhu Jiaming's speech. The nearly 70-year-old scholar is sharper, more tolerant, and more imaginative than most young people. Maybe some of the cutting-edge ideas are not practical at the moment, but looking at the distance can find the direction of the foot.
On December 11, the "Meet • Future Series Class-Blockchain Session" hosted by Wei Cao Zhiku was held in Beijing. Well-known economist & Dean of Digital Asset Research Institute, Jia Ming Zhu, Founding Partner of Ruixin Capital & Deputy Dean of Digital Asset Research Institute, and Yanxian Gu Yanxi, founder of DAEX, gave live lectures and carried out a fierce roundtable round. Brainstorming.
The author selected 3 sharing contents of Mr. Zhu Jiaming at the scene: a "time cooperative society" based on the blockchain, and proposed a new model for public welfare; talked about the current 4 kinds of doctrines about the blockchain, and guarded against the cognitive zone The tendency of the blockchain to "seek the sword" stands in the future to understand the blockchain paradigm; face up to the impact of quantum computing on classical computers and possible changes in the underlying technical foundation of the blockchain.
1. "Time Cooperative" based on blockchain, another form of public welfare
Last year, South Korean director Kim Kidd filmed a film "Human, Space, Time, and People", which tells the story between people of different ages and occupations on an old warship, rape, murder, mutiny … It reveals that people are in How much humanity can be achieved when time, space and resources are very limited. The main theme of time is also a Hollywood movie "IN TIME", which assumes a social scene, human beings are divided into two types of people, rich and poor. The rich not only have time, but also control the time of the poor. As president of the time bank of the rich, he decides how much time to give to the poor every day, and the poor can only rely on this time to survive. If the poor want to go to the place of the rich, they need enough time to get from the poor to the rich, but the time that the poor has every day is not enough to support the distance.
Based on thinking about time and public welfare, the Digital Asset Research Institute led by Zhu Jiaming developed the "Space-time Cooperative" project, from theoretical to technical foundations, and conducted several landing experiments. On December 5, at the "2019 China Public Welfare Annual Meeting", Zhu Jiaming first announced and elaborated the "Space-Time Cooperative" project, especially its philosophy: "Let everyone become the masters of their free time, implemented through the blockchain Cooperation across time and space, the realization of a space-time exchange society in which humans transcend traditional media, and promote a new mode of cooperation and order between people, has become an option to end poverty. Thinking of the utopian socialism of the 19th century, but the space-time cooperative is not a utopian. To put it a step back, under the current historical conditions, the utopian may not be utopian anymore.
Relying on the "space-time cooperative society" of blockchain technology, it can provide new models and solutions for space-time management and space-time combination. Because the blockchain is naturally a spatiotemporal order, the blockchain is both a time code and a space code. In terms of providing space-time exchange between people, the blockchain is the only suitable carrier.
On December 11, Zhu Jiaming further explained the "space-time cooperative": When we talk about public welfare undertakings today, we are thinking about how to make the distribution of wealth fair and how to make the rich donate money to public welfare. A usual way. However, the means of public welfare include, but are not limited to, the transfer and redistribution of wealth. The public can realize public welfare through the exchange of time and space.
When thinking about time banks in the past, there was no way to put space together. For example, how can the time contribution of one China be combined with the time contribution of Africa? The concept of space is inevitably hidden. In addition to the issues of time and space, there are also issues of so-called organizational form. Cooperatives are a good option.
"Time Cooperative" is based on blockchain technology, which realizes the mutual exchange of time between people, surpassing the limitations of people's understanding of wealth in the past, and can realize cross-regional and cross-geographical Restriction, so there is the concept of the Trinity.
In general, the premise of this problem is that after the information society, post-modern society, and industrial society, people's leisure time is increasing, more fragmented, and strongly consumed. In this case, is there a possibility for people to go beyond the framework and organizational form of the past wealth model and enter an autonomy, with their right to time, to rebuild a human society that can survive and help each other? The way.
2. Understand the paradigm evolution of blockchain from a futuristic perspective
During the round table session, the host asked Zhu Jiaming and asked him to choose a blockchain application scenario. But Mr. Zhu answered from another dimension. He suggested that we should not get caught in the pragmatism mud, don't ask for a sword, and understand the blockchain as an evolving paradigm.
Zhu Jiaming believes that the blockchain has caused 4 doctrines: the first is fundamentalism , the so-called fundamentalism is based on certain characteristics of the blockchain as immutable. Of course, there should be differences in how to define the fundamentalism of the blockchain; the second is pragmatism , that is, only the application scenarios of the blockchain are pursued, regardless of whether the application scenarios have the basic conditions for applying the blockchain; only correct understanding The correct scenario will be selected for the blockchain, otherwise it will fall into the pragmatism muddle; the third is revisionism , which is to modify the basic nature, structure and principle of the blockchain, and then to the blockchain Redefining; the fourth is futurism, which is to understand the blockchain as a developing and scientifically supported technical system, and there is still significant development space that will be integrated with future application scenarios.
When we have identified these 4 doctrines, can we explore which one or two do you prefer? Zhu Jiaming's position is futurism: "Because the current blockchain is only a blockchain that we understand and recognize under historical conditions, this blockchain is not equal to the future blockchain. So I think the blockchain It is a paradigm that is constantly changing, and the type of blockchain is not just the type it is today. After 5 years and 10 years, we will have another idea of the blockchain, and the evolution of the scientific foundation will change the blockchain. "
Our understanding of blockchain today is subject to the premise such as: 4G, modern Internet, AI development level … but when the technology develops to 5G or even 6G, satellite communications affect the Internet and AI rises to a new historical level Then, of course, today's blockchain system will undergo major changes. Zhu Jiaming said last year that if the development stage of the current blockchain is compared with the development stage of an aircraft, it is likely to be still in the "Wright Aircraft" stage.
Therefore, we have to consider this way.The blockchain is first of all a developing, changing, and scientifically-based technology system, and it is involved in the elements of social organization, forming a "paradigm revolution." If we understand the blockchain as an evolving paradigm and see the evolution of the digital economy, we should come up with a hypothesis that the future economy and the future blockchain are quite interactive. , Complement each other. As for how the future economy will change, what model the future blockchain will evolve to, and how they will be integrated, this should become something we look forward to and think about.
Zhu Jiaming emphasized again: "Don't ask for a sword, don't influence the so-called" textbook "of the blockchain in the market. We must realize that the blockchain form we know today, the structure and level of the blockchain are not Absolutely. So I am on the side of futurism. "
Zhu Jiaming mentioned that he had just met Peter Thiel, the author of "From 0 to 1," and he said: Peter Thiel opposed the traditional market competition model. Because the traditional mode of competition is from 1 to N, such as pouring all the capital into Chicago to open a restaurant and sink into a competition quagmire. Waste of resources, which are exclusive to innovation. The other mode of competition, based on innovation, is an innovative monopoly, from 0 to 1. How does the blockchain integrate with the market economy? How to be a platform for innovation? How to support from 0 to 1? In other words, how the blockchain can develop and grow under the market economy environment is worth thinking and practicing.
3． How to understand the future relationship between quantum science and blockchain?
Finally, it is a question that everyone is very concerned about. When quantum science, quantum computing, quantum computers, and blockchain are combined, it is revolutionary. Zhu Jiaming said that this is already affecting our present and future.
Blockchain will be the enabling part of the future economic system infrastructure. It will also have its own scientific and technical foundation support. The current Internet, 5G, cloud computing, and AI are all hardware that supports blockchain, and together they have become an important prerequisite for us to talk about blockchain today. But in the current situation, we see that everything is based on classical computing science, and computing science is essentially based on 0 or 1, and bit. Without such a foundation, the entire blockchain system will not only be shaken or even collapsed.
However, after quantum science and quantum computing become mainstream, when the quantum computer replaces the traditional classic computer, the existing blockchain architecture and principles will face unprecedented adjustments. There are two problems that are most acute, one is the problem of probability, that is, the problem of probability; the other is the problem of so-called quantum entanglement. Blockchain speaks of smart contracts, and contracts must have stability. Blockchain speaks of node distribution, identity certainty, and traceability, while quantum theory advocates uncertainty, and one quantum can be in two spaces simultaneously exist. These are the issues that the blockchain must face up to in the quantum era. Of course, there is also quantum computing, and speed has a significant impact on traditional cryptography.
In the history of scientific development in the 20th century, Einstein was a giant and proposed the theory of relativity, but Einstein's understanding of quantum mechanics proved to be wrong. This process took 60 years. From now on, quantum computing and quantum computers will have a series of major breakthroughs and developments in the next 10 years or so. In the future, we will face the question of how a classical blockchain can transform a sub-blockchain.
Therefore, we must consider whether the blockchain that has been busy for a long time has undergone a fundamental change in its base after a few years? If so, what should we do? We must also consider how to combine quantum technology and blockchain in the early stage? This is not something far away from us.
We will always face two kinds of future, one is beyond reach and full of imagination; the other is the future that has influenced and determined the present, and quantum science belongs to the latter.