Source: Securities Daily; reporter Ma Fangye, Xing Meng, the original title "Smart Court Achieves" One-Click Case "Blockchain" Judicial Dividend "Appears-Interview with Dean Zhang Wen of Beijing Internet Court
December 4, 2019 is the sixth National Constitution Day. On October 28 this year, the official of the Beijing Internet Court announced the use of blockchain smart contracts to achieve "one-click filing", a gift for the sixth National Constitution Day. In the short history of Chinese courts going up the chain, we found that there is a "one, two, three", that is, "one rule, two years, the three internet courts were born." That is, in September 2018, the Supreme Court issued the "Regulations on Several Issues in Internet Court Cases", of which Article 11 recognized the blockchain as a technical means of collecting, fixing, and tamper-resistant data, and recognized the existence of the blockchain. The legal effect of proof in the case of Internet. "Two years" refers to the time between the establishment of Hangzhou Internet Court, the first Internet court in August 2017 and the present, which is about two years. The "three courts" said that there are currently including Beijing Internet Court. Of the three internet courts blessing blockchain technology.
In order to explore the "one-click filing", the reporters from Securities Daily went to Beijing Internet Court to interview President Zhang Wen.
- Interview with Babbitt | The first case of "The Balance Chain" was released, and the blockchain really landed in the judicial field.
"One-click filing" with smart contracts
"The Incredible Court" is here
When a reporter from the Securities Daily walked into the elevator of the Beijing Internet Court, a prominent small screen was scrolling through the promotional video, and the title was always lit "Unbelievable Court", which aroused great curiosity from the reporters. Dean Zhang Wen saw the reporter smiling with interest and said, "Let's start with the name of" unbelievable court. "
"This is the litigation service hall of the Beijing Internet Court. How do you feel?" Zhang Wen led the reporter to the litigation service hall. The reporter found that the court's litigation service hall was bright and empty, and looked very "solitary." Only one clerk was consulting, which was in stark contrast to the bustling flow of people in the traditional court's litigation service hall.
Zhang Wen told the Securities Daily reporter that "After the balance chain goes online, the relevant personnel do not have to come over during the trial, and the parties can participate in the trial at home. This is also a subversive judicial scene created by us as a court thinking on the Internet. . "
Speaking of this time, Dean Zhang Wen's face was filled with other pride. She continued: "Our office is very empty, and there are not many parties in a day. According to our daily statistics, the number of public who come to the court for offline consultation and online filing, from September 9 last year to December this year On the 9th and 15 months, I went online to interview 1995 people. Counting that there are less than 5 people coming to the court every day, this is indeed an incredible place. "She continued to tell the Securities Daily reporter," In fact, we are online The number of members of the public who submit application materials on the electronic litigation platform sometimes reaches more than 1,000 people a day. "
At the same time as the trial's quality has improved, the Beijing Internet Court's trial model is also breaking space constraints and realizing a full-process online lawsuit of "no snoring for 24 hours." Speaking of which, Zhang Wen gave a simple example. The "Statistical Report on the Development of the Internet in China" released by the China Internet Network Information Center in September this year showed that there were 854 million Internet users in China and 847 million mobile phone users. This is a Very large numbers. Zhang Wen said that some parties can participate in the trial at home, or even in a cafe. This is the scene of the Internet court, and it can be said to be another layer of incredible.
Based on the Internet court's trial model, the Beijing Internet Court can be said to have implemented the entire process of online filing, mediation, trial, trial, enforcement, etc., and realized the transition of the litigation process from "offline" to "online". Obviously, this is a brand new court that uses blockchain technology to empower the Internet trial model. The blockchain dividend is already here.
This is how the "balance chain" was born
Two application scenarios are very eye-catching
Speaking of the origin of the "balance chain" and its name, Dean Zhang Wen told the "Securities Daily" reporter with some emotions some unknown stories behind it.
"It was during a communication meeting during the construction of the platform. At the scene, we exchanged with more than 30 technology companies and listened to how each technology is coupled with the court scene." At that time, Zhang Wen still vividly remembered: "I was listening After more than 4 hours, the last young Baidu architect told me that you must listen to the blockchain technology. Since then, the blockchain has really come into my mind. "
Zhang Wen recalled, "Later we decided to become a blockchain and needed a blockchain technology company as a co-construction unit, but there were not many responders at the time because many people had difficulty imagining the application of blockchain technology in the judicial scene. Finally Initiated by our country, the National Industrial Information Development Research Center, Baidu, and Trust Technology participated in the construction alliance to ensure the implementation of the project. Since its launch on September 9, 2018, the balance chain has been running for more than a year, and has achieved Vulgar results. "
It is understood that the Beijing Internet Court "Tianping Chain" innovates judicial application scenarios, providing services such as electronic evidence curing, intellectual property rights confirmation, retrospective anti-counterfeiting, and "one-click" online execution filing, which effectively solves the problem of electronic data information security and joint verification and certification. And other issues, to achieve "full process records, full link credibility, and full node witness" of electronic data, so that electronic evidence storage, forensics, and authentication can be solved in "one-stop", which greatly improves the reliability and certification of electronic evidence This has significantly improved trial efficiency, greatly reduced the cost of defending the rights of the parties, and promoted the establishment of the principle of integrity in cyberspace.
Regarding the main application scenarios of the "Tianping Chain", Zhang Wen told the Securities Daily reporter during the interview that the Beijing Internet Court mainly focused on two aspects, one is the "scenario application of one-click execution of smart contracts". On October 23, 2019, the Beijing Internet Court took the lead in applying the blockchain smart contract technology to the execution of the mediation statement, achieving the nation's and even the world's first blockchain smart contract technology "one-click filing". By deploying online contract nodes through the fulfillment conditions agreed in the mediation document, the parties no longer need to complete the iterative steps of application execution, uploading the party's information and documents in accordance with the traditional execution case filing procedure, only need to confirm the implementation result of the mediation case and achieve it through smart contracts. After the condition, grab is automatically triggered to implement "one-click filing". The realization of automatic execution through blockchain smart contract technology not only marks the actual landing of judicial blockchain smart contract applications, but also means the in-depth integration and utilization of on-chain data and off-chain judicial information systems, which is helpful to break the information island and further release Judicial dividend, consolidate and deepen the results of "basically solving the difficult implementation". The second refers to the “scenario application of evidence storage, forensics and verification”. Since the launch of Tianping Chain, as of November 30 this year, as one of the first batch of blockchain units registered by the Central Network Information Office, "Tianping Chain" cross-linked into 19 blockchain nodes, completing copyright, copyright, and Internet finance Waiting for data connection of 25 application nodes in 9 categories, more than 10 million pieces of electronic data on the chain, 3557 pieces of cross-chain verification data during the case trial, and 670 cases involved. In the 670 cases involved, the parties recognized the authenticity of the on-chain evidence.
"One-click filing" is the first step of the Long March
Judicial Winding Needs More Beijing Wisdom
Talking about how to expand the judicial on-chain in the next step, and how to contribute more Beijing wisdom to the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities, Zhang Wen revealed, "Next year, we will mainly do the work of the" Tianping Chain "version 2.0, which will innovate the Internet. Execution mode, exploring more specific application scenarios of blockchain, will create a new model of three chains: 'business chain, management chain, ecological chain'. "
Zhang Wen said, first of all, based on the principle and foundation of the “balance chain” rules, the court will present the exploration rules in a visual way to achieve the visual, manageable and controllable electronic evidence, helping the parties to manage the evidence more easily, View the status of the evidence, enhance the credibility and authority of the evidence, and provide parties with convenient, efficient, and low-cost litigation services. Second, explore the realization of a more secure, transparent, and controllable Internet trial mode. On-chain, from the litigation materials of the parties to the entire litigation files and litigation actions, to improve judicial convenience, authority and transparency, and promote the construction of the sunshine judicial mechanism.
"In addition, we want to do litigation source governance through the on-chain. Copyright on-chain is an important direction. With the evidence anchored by the on-chain, the evidence is indisputable fact. If the evidence can be anchored before the on-chain, It is even possible for our court to use AI virtual judges to promote the parties to resolve disputes on the 'balance chain' or even outside the court, instead of having to file a case. I think this may also be a subversive play. Integrity litigation, to resolve disputes from the source, this is what we want to do. "Zhang Wen further added.
In addition, promoting the standardization research and formulation of blockchain electronic data is also a key work for next year. Zhang Wen introduced that the Beijing Internet Court, the United Nations Industrial Information Security Development Research Center, the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, the National Information Center, the First Research Institute of the Ministry of Public Security, and the China Electronics Technology Standardization Research Institute and other professional organizations formed a judicial working group. Invite technical experts in information security, standard formulation, forensic appraisal, information communication, and blockchain to organize the four application access evaluation standards meetings, forming 90 amendments, and eventually form the "Balance Link Access and Management Regulations" and The "Balance Link Entry Assessment Standard" pre-empts judicial trial rules to prevent inappropriate identification of electronic evidence and improves trial efficiency.
"The above two specifications evaluate the access to third-party platforms from the perspectives of system security, electronic data compliance, and blockchain security, and standardize the qualification requirements of accessors to the 'Balance Chain' and the storage of electronic data. The rules, the management mechanism of the access platform, the use of electronic data, the supervision and review and withdrawal mechanism of the on-chain units, and the multi-dimensional and standardized review of the certificate deposit source have effectively protected the on-chain data security of the 'balance chain' With the parties' privacy, they will also strive to provide a replicable and referenceable Beijing sample for the national judicial blockchain construction and the formulation of national technical standards for judicial blockchain.