Author: Xi breeze
China Electronics News published a statement on January 3, deputy director of the Smart City Development Research Center of the National Information Center, Tang Sisi, revealed at the China Urban Governance Innovation Forum that the National Information Center will take the lead and jointly launch with China Mobile, China UnionPay and other units. The established Block-chain-based Service Network (hereinafter referred to as BSN) will be officially launched for commercial operations in April. From October 2019 to March 2020, the beta period of the network will be provided to 400 companies and 600 developers for free beta. Hangzhou is the first pilot city.
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And Downs said at the meeting that the blockchain is divided into public and permission chains, and the permission chains are divided into alliance chains and private chains. Why do you talk about the "chain" color change now? The main reason is that the public chain cannot be monitored. Technology has not kept up and is completely decentralized. And BSN builds an alliance chain in a permission chain.
This also means that the Blockchain Service Network (BSN) officially started its internal beta from October 2019, and will be officially launched for commercial operations only six months later. During the internal testing, related research and deployment work has been continuously carried out.
Initially, the National Information Center post-doctoral research station established the "Blockchain Technology and Application Laboratory" in August 2018 in conjunction with Peking University (Tianjin Binhai) New Generation Information Technology Research Institute and Dalian University of Technology's Department of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering. Carry out basic blockchain technology and policy research. Afterwards, based on the realistic needs of providing a trusted service carrier to support the development of national smart cities and the digital economy, the National Information Center proposed the overall plan and top-level design of the blockchain service network. With the support of China Mobile and other units, the preliminary The nationwide deployment of blockchain service networks has been completed.
Cheng Xiaobo, Secretary of the Party Committee and Director of the State Information Center, met with Li Huizhen, Vice President of China Mobile Communications Group and his party at the end of September 2019. The two parties had exchanged views on the deployment and cooperation of the blockchain service network. At that time, the National Information Center and China Mobile also generated the first-level root certificate of the blockchain service network and the second-level root certificate of the blockchain service network, respectively. The National Information Center article commented that "the generation of the root certificate marks the transition of the blockchain service network from the research and development phase to the trial operation phase." However, at that time, there were more public details about the operation mechanism of the blockchain service network, such as construction, service, and operation.
Subsequently, on October 15, 2019, the National Information Center, China Mobile Communications Corporation, China UnionPay and others jointly announced in Beijing that the Blockchain Service Network (BSN), which was jointly designed and constructed by six specific units, was officially released for beta. At the meeting, the "White Paper on Blockchain Service Network Basics" (hereinafter referred to as "White Paper") was released. Zhang Xueying, deputy director of the National Information Center, said at the meeting that commercial services will be officially launched after the end of the internal testing. The establishment of a blockchain service network will effectively reduce the technical and economic thresholds for blockchain applications, which will help the rapid promotion of blockchain technology application.
This time, the operating details of the Blockchain Service Network (BSN) were further updated. The white paper includes the service network architecture, advantages, development alliance and its portal website.
According to the white paper and public information, the blockchain service network is led by the National Information Center, and jointly initiated and established with China Mobile, China UnionPay and other units. It is a global infrastructure network based on blockchain technology and consensus mechanisms, and is oriented to industry. Trustworthy, controllable, and scalable alliance chain for corporate, corporate, and government applications, committed to changing the current high-cost problem of the local area network architecture of the alliance chain application, providing developers with a public blockchain resource environment based on the Internet concept, greatly reducing the area The development, deployment, operation and maintenance, interoperability, and supervision costs of blockchain applications have enabled the rapid popularization and development of blockchain technology.
In addition, the original intention of the design and construction of the Blockchain Service Network (BSN) is to provide a public infrastructure network that can be developed, deployed, operated and maintained, interoperable, and supervised alliance chain applications at low cost. The service network will not support any public chain applications. On the service network, neither blockchain application publishers nor participants need to purchase physical servers or cloud services to build their own blockchain operating environment. Instead, they use the service network to provide unified public services and rent and share as needed. Resources, thereby greatly reducing costs for publishers and participants.
After investigation, if it is necessary to build a traditional alliance chain LAN environment, according to the current quotes from mainstream cloud service providers, the minimum cost per year is more than 100,000 yuan. And through the service network, an application only needs 2-3 thousand yuan per year to be linked and run. This will encourage a large number of small, medium and micro enterprises, and even individuals, including students, to innovate and start businesses through the service network, thereby promoting the rapid development and popularization of blockchain technology.
The white paper mentions that with the strong support of China Mobile's 31 provincial companies, the service network has established forty public city nodes in various provinces across the country. It is expected that when the service network is officially opened, the number of city nodes will reach about one hundred. At the same time, operators and cloud resource providers from Southeast Asia and Europe are also negotiating and planning the deployment of urban nodes in the local area.
In November 2019, Zhou Yu, head of the China UnionPay Electronic Payments Research Institute's blockchain, said in an interview with the Shanghai Securities News that he had revealed that the Blockchain Service Network (BSN) will be officially commercialized after 6 months of internal testing.
In December 2019, the Blockchain Service Network Development Alliance initiated by the National Information Center, China Mobile, and China UnionPay, etc., held the first Blockchain Service Network Partner Conference in Hangzhou. Shan Zhiguang, the director of the Information and Industrial Development Department of the National Information Center, introduced the key points of the top-level design of the blockchain service network BSN, including: 1 base, 1 core, and 7 properties. The 1 base refers to: based on the alliance chain architecture; the 1 core refers to: supporting the smart city and the digital economy as the core; the 7 refers to: openness, publicity, scalability, open source, multi-portal Low cost autonomy.
In its report at the time, People's Daily stated that in response to national policies, to promote the construction progress of BSN as a national strategy and the “Belt and Road” information infrastructure, improve the underlying framework technology of BSN, and encourage independent innovation of Chinese enterprises based on blockchain technology, BSN introduced the first FISCO BCOS independently developed by domestic enterprises, which is safe and controllable, and fully open sourced as one of the two underlying alliance chain platforms.
From the perspective of the members of the Blockchain Service Network (BSN) Development Alliance, it includes institutions and enterprises in national institutions, communications, financial and software industries. At present, it seems that the speed of technological innovation and industry convergence of the new generation of information and communication technologies, including blockchain, is not too fast. In addition to the technical level, which requires continuous testing and breakthroughs, the industry is still more In the early stage of standardization related to blockchain. This round of Blockchain Service Network (BSN) will be officially put into commercial use, or it will provide more reference examples for the layout of related industries.