Text: Interchain Pulse · Yuan Shang
On January 14th, the Ministry of Commerce and 8 ministries and commissions including the Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the General Administration of Customs, and the State Administration of Taxation jointly issued the It is worth noting that the "Opinions" proposed that the research and development and application of information technology such as blockchain should be included in the support scope of national science and technology plans (special projects, funds, etc.).
According to the statistics of the inter-chain pulse, after the "1024 meeting", the "blockchain" has entered into documents issued by various departments of the Chinese government. This black and white letter is a bit of China's implementation of the blockchain development strategy.
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Promote industry and regional development
After the "1024 meeting", the State Council issued two documents concerning blockchain. The first is the "Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Development of High-Quality Trade" issued by the State Council of the Communist Party of China on November 29.
This document proposes in the section "Enhancing Trade Innovation Capabilities": building an open, collaborative and efficient common technology R & D platform to strengthen the supporting role of manufacturing innovation in trade. Promote the organic integration of the Internet, the Internet of Things, big data, artificial intelligence, blockchain and trade, and accelerate the cultivation of new kinetic energy. Strengthen original innovation and integrated innovation. Make full use of multilateral and bilateral cooperation mechanisms to strengthen technical exchanges and cooperation. Efforts will be made to expand foreign licensing of intellectual property. Actively integrated into the global innovation network.
Mutual Chain Pulse analyzed the role of blockchain on trade in the original article "Mission of the World's Biggest Trade: Reconstructing World Trade Relations with Blockchain." Because trade is not just the relationship between enterprises, but also the relationship between countries, countries, industries, and industries, and the complexity of cross-border trade processes is several times that of domestic commodity transactions. As a result, trust costs, communication costs, compliance costs, transaction costs, and regulatory costs are all very high, resulting in inefficient trade. Coupled with the low efficiency of the global interbank clearing system Swift, the transaction settlement efficiency is very low.
The use of blockchain in conjunction with the Internet of Things, big data, and artificial intelligence has been practiced to effectively reduce costs. Internationally, including IBM, R3, and JP Morgan Chase are promoting the construction of trade blockchains. Domestic including micro-technology, Ping An Yi account, etc. have also brought blockchain into this field.
China is the largest country in trade. Through technologies such as blockchain, it can promote the development of high-quality trade.
Two days after the above comments were issued, on December 1, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the Outline of the Yangtze River Delta Regional Integration Development Plan. Cloud computing, blockchain, Internet of things, artificial intelligence, satellite navigation and other new technology research and development applications, support leading enterprises and scientific research institutions to establish new research and development platforms such as artificial intelligence in the Yangtze River Delta, and encourage qualified cities to carry out new generation artificial intelligence application demonstration and Innovative development, creating an important highland for economic development in the country. "
The outline of the "Outline" includes Shanghai, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province, and Anhui Province (with an area of 358,000 square kilometers). There are 27 core cities among them. So many cities need coordinated integration and development, and blockchain can provide technical support. As we all know, the characteristics of the blockchain are that different economic entities can reach consensus through the blockchain, and they can relatively independently but collaboratively accomplish common goals. Regional integration is the stage for blockchain applications.
The two documents recently issued by the State Council provide specific application scenarios of the blockchain. The back of the documents also shows that the decision-making layer has a very good understanding of the blockchain, and only the understanding will be applied.
Through the experimental period, various ministries and agencies develop blockchains in multiple dimensions
The documents recently issued by the ministries and commissions under the State Council are to implement the "1024 Conference" instructions from multiple dimensions.
For example, on January 14, the Ministry of Commerce incorporated the blockchain into the national science and technology support, which is a specific support for the research work of the blockchain.
On January 7th, the Ministry of Education released the "National Plan for the Construction of Textbooks for Universities, Schools, and Primary Schools (2019-2022)" to incorporate blockchain into the textbooks. This is the training of blockchain talents.
Also on January 7, the "Implementation Plan for the Integration and Development of Public Legal Service Network Platforms, Physical Platforms, and Hotline Platforms" issued by the Ministry of Justice proposed to explore and promote "Internet + public legal services" and "blockchain + public legal services" Develop pilot applications of self-service legal service robots, which can be promoted and applied in mature conditions, improve the intelligence level of public legal services, and alleviate the problem of insufficient legal service resources in rural areas and underdeveloped areas. This is another typical application case. That is, blockchain can achieve more inclusive legal services. Behind this plan, it is the Internet courts in Beijing, Hangzhou, and Guangzhou that have access to the blockchain to implement judicial services.
There are also applications from ministries and commissions. At the end of November, the State Administration of Taxation issued the "Notice on Supporting and Serving Measures for Regional Integration Development in the Yangtze River Delta", which proposed "encouraging and supporting the Yangtze River Delta regional tax authorities to explore the use of 5G, blockchain, and labor. Technologies such as intelligence, further optimize tax law enforcement methods, and provide intelligent and personalized online and offline tax payment services. Promote the construction of an intelligent tax office, and realize intelligent tax services such as intelligent guidance, intelligent filling of documents, and intelligent review. " Behind the notice, including Shenzhen and Fujian, blockchain tax services have been implemented.
On December 23, at the 2020 National Industrial and Information Work Conference, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology proposed to continue to deepen the application of the blockchain industry.
The above ministries and commissions have common points in writing blockchain applications into policy solutions. They have already practiced blockchain applications and have seen their effects.
In addition, there are standard indicators. On November 13, the Ministry of Communications released the "Port Development Index System". In the application of new terminal technology and independent controllable level indicators, the application level and related cores of new technologies such as blockchain in port design, construction, and operation were specified Technical autonomy and controllability.
The construction of another indicator standard comes from the National Standards Committee under the State Market Supervision Administration. On November 19, the National Standards Committee established a new batch of national professional standardization technical committees, which mentioned the launch of blockchain and distributed accounting technology. Approved the establishment of the technical committee.
To sum up, the content of the blockchain in the recent documents of Chinese government agencies includes R & D support, promotion of application landing, practical talent training, and establishment of industry standards, all of which are indicated in the "1024 Conference".
(Tabulation: interlink pulse)