Text: Xiang Lipeng
Source: Zinc Link
Since the first industrial revolution in Britain in the 1860s, mankind has experienced three industrial revolutions.
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In 2008, the occurrence of the global financial crisis meant that the energy of the third industrial revolution was close to being released. All industrialized countries must accelerate the pace of a new round of scientific and technological research and development and the industrial revolution.
In April 2013, the German "Industry 4.0 Group" formally proposed the concept of "Industry 4.0" at the Hannover Messe. Prior to this, the German government had formally adopted "Ideology • Innovation • Growth-Germany's 2020 High-Tech Strategy" in July 2010.
Around this time, the United States, Britain, Japan, South Korea, etc. have also formulated corresponding national strategies.
Although China has just completed industrialization, it also proposed the "Made in China 2025" strategy in April 2015 in order to achieve industrial upgrading and occupy a favorable position in the new round of industrial revolution.
I. General technology changes the production mode of human society
There is an important class of technology in the history of human science and technology, which can be applied to a wide range of fields and have a lasting impact, thereby completely changing the production mode of human society, changing the lifestyle of individuals and families, and changing the business operations that connect production and consumption. Mode, this type of technology is called generic technology.
However, since the Industrial Revolution, there are not many general technologies. There are five typical ones, which are steam power, electricity, internal combustion engines, personal computers, and the Internet. They have the following common characteristics:
The first is universality, that is, the technology has a wide range of potential uses and can be widely used in the entire economy;
The second is long-term improvement, that is, the technology itself can achieve continuous improvement over a long period of time;
The third is innovation complementarity, that is, the technology can continuously produce spillover effects in the improvement process, and combine with other technologies, thereby increasing the scale return of the technology itself;
The fourth is subversive effect, that is, the application of this technology will eventually lead to fundamental changes in social production and living patterns.
The second era of scientific and technological revolution is coming
At present, the third industrial revolution has gradually drifted away. We are now in a new era where science and technology dominate economic development and social transformation, an Internet technology revolution that began in the 1990s, and a second technology that has deepened Revolutionary age.
In the past two decades, technology has drastically changed the global economy and society, and the digital economy has entered the 2.0 development stage. Technology expands economic boundaries, cloud computing, blockchain, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, 5G and other technological communities have risen, penetrated deeper into the economic and social fields, and the technological scalability of future economic development has continued to increase. The boundaries are constantly expanding.
Especially when the Internet connection changed from fixed to mobile, we have 4G to 5G upgrade. When the main body of the Internet is connected from people to things, we have the possibility of interconnection of all things. When the main body of the Internet expands from human-dominated to everything-dominated, it brings artificial intelligence. When the Internet delivers content, it changes from information to value and brings blockchain. The advent of these new technologies determines the position of an economy in future global competition.
With the rapid development of next-generation information technologies such as cloud computing, blockchain, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, and 5G, the second technological revolution has continued to deepen its integration with application scenarios, and technology integration has also shown some new development characteristics:
First, the integrated development of new technologies is becoming a new opportunity to enhance the country's competitive advantage;
Second, the integration and application of new technologies is becoming a new driving force for economic transformation;
Third, the integration of new technologies in research and development is becoming a new engine to promote technological innovation applications;
Fourth, the integration and diffusion of new technologies is becoming an important driving force for industry innovation;
Fifth, the integration and innovation of new technologies is becoming a new hotspot of cross-disciplinary research. For example, single-point technology and single product innovation are accelerating the transition to integration, platformization, and systematic innovation of multi-technology integration and interaction. The core technology systems such as hardware, software, and services are being restructured. The innovation cycle is significantly shortened. Models are emerging rapidly, and the cross-infiltration of new-generation information technology and manufacturing, materials, energy, and biological technologies is deepening.
In particular, blockchain technology is becoming an inflection point for accelerated social change. The "technological singularity" of scientific clusters and technology hybrids has become a key force to change the shape of the world. It is integrated with the fields of finance, intelligent manufacturing, supply chain, and biomedicine. Constantly deepening, bringing new development vitality to multiple industries.
During the eighteenth collective study of the Central Political Bureau, it was pointed out that the integrated application of blockchain technology plays an important role in new technological innovations and industrial changes.
Governments, organizations and enterprises at home and abroad pay close attention to the blockchain industry, increase investment in technology and applications, strive to occupy development opportunities, and provide new ideas for regional industrial innovation.
Leading the modern industrial system and empowering the real economy
Facing the new geopolitical pattern of the dark tide, the new background of the decline and development of major global economies, the new projects launched by the innovation of the Internet giants, and the continuous emergence of new technologies for rapid iterative development, we have to think about it. How can we seize the historic development opportunities and achieve strategic breakthrough development.
The Golden Rat has arrived in 2020. It is hoped that in the new year, China can develop a number of blockchain innovation products, cultivate a number of blockchain industry applications, develop a number of blockchain scene demonstrations, and establish a number of typical blockchain enterprises. To build a batch of blockchain industry carriers, build a batch of blockchain innovation application demonstration zones, and establish a blockchain industry system that covers the entire industry ecology, has a rich content, and has a reasonable structure.
China should promote the deep integration of blockchain technology with the physical industry, especially the traditional physical industry, build a modern industrial system led by the blockchain, and empower the real economy to transform and upgrade.
In terms of enhancing government governance capabilities, enhancing smart manufacturing, promoting ecological environment development, and improving people's livelihood services, China should explore a number of typical blockchain application cases to support the high-quality development of the underlying blockchain platform and services with Chinese characteristics Let the Chinese-style blockchain products provide the world with simple, easy-to-use, safe and efficient trust building and value transfer services.