People's Daily February 4th article: Blockchain technology can improve government governance

Author: JiangMingAn

Source: People's Daily

Editor's Note: The original title was "People's Daily: Promoting the Application of Blockchain and Other Technologies to Improve the National Administrative System"

Introduction: The modernization of national governance system and governance capacity inevitably requires the modernization of government governance system and governance capacity. The modernization of government governance system and governance capacity first requires the improvement of the national administrative system. The national administrative system includes sub-level systems and systems of administrative decision-making, administrative execution, administrative organization, and administrative supervision. Since the 18th National Congress of the Party, especially since the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, these sub-level administrative systems and systems have been greatly improved. For example, in administrative decision-making, we have gradually promoted the operation of systems and mechanisms such as public participation, expert demonstration, legality review, risk assessment, and collective discussion decisions; in administrative execution, we have gradually promoted the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence, and districts. The application of high-tech applications such as blockchain and the implementation of convenience systems and mechanisms such as "at most once"; in the administrative organization, the operation of various systems and mechanisms with the goal of optimizing and cooperating high efficiency for the departmental system and institutional functions has been gradually promoted; In terms of administrative supervision, the implementation and operation of various supervision systems and mechanisms combining hierarchical supervision, functional supervision, supervision by inspection and supervision, and self-inspection and self-correction have been gradually promoted.

Original Title: Improving the National Administrative System and Improving the Governance Ability of the Government (Hundred Experts Talk about the Chinese System)

"People's Daily" (10 February 04, 2020)

The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee decided to propose "adhering to and improving the socialist administrative system with Chinese characteristics and building a government governance system with clear responsibilities and administration in accordance with the law." And profound meaning. Because the government governance system and government governance capacity are not only an important part of the national governance system and governance capacity, but also an important guarantee for the entire national governance system and governance capacity to play a role.

The government governance system has a very important position in the entire national governance system. First of all, important party and state decision-making arrangements need to be implemented and implemented by administrative agencies at all levels; laws and major decisions made by the National People's Congress and its Standing Committee need to be implemented and implemented by administrative agencies at all levels; The longing requires administrative agencies at all levels to help them achieve their performance through their performance of duties. It can be said that without the effective operation of the national administrative system, there will be no effective operation of the national governance system.

Secondly, the government's governance capacity has a very important influence on the development of the country's overall governance capacity, and is an important condition for the role of national governance capacity in other areas and at other levels. National governance capabilities include the ability of the ruling party to govern scientifically, democratically, and in accordance with the law, as well as scientific legislative legislatures, strict law enforcement by law enforcement agencies, effective supervision by supervisory agencies, and the ability of judicial organs to conduct justice impartially. However, the ruling party's ability to govern, the legislature's legislative ability, the supervisory authority's supervisory ability, and the judicial authority's judicial ability are all dependent on the guarantee of the government's ability to govern. The strength of the government's governance capacity is a key factor in determining whether the governance capacity of all other countries can be smoothly realized and fully functioning.

It can be seen that the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity inevitably requires the modernization of the government governance system and governance capacity. The modernization of government governance system and governance capacity first requires the improvement of the national administrative system. The national administrative system includes sub-level systems and systems of administrative decision-making, administrative execution, administrative organization, and administrative supervision. Since the 18th National Congress of the Party, especially since the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, these sub-level administrative systems and systems have been greatly improved. For example, in administrative decision-making, we have gradually promoted the operation of systems and mechanisms such as public participation, expert demonstration, legality review, risk assessment, and collective discussion decisions; in administrative execution, we have gradually promoted the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence, and districts. The application of high-tech applications such as blockchain and the implementation of convenience systems and mechanisms such as "at most once"; in the administrative organization, the operation of various systems and mechanisms with the goal of optimizing and cooperating high efficiency for the departmental system and institutional functions has been gradually promoted; In terms of administrative supervision, the implementation and operation of various supervision systems and mechanisms combining hierarchical supervision, functional supervision, supervision by inspection and supervision, and self-inspection and self-correction have been gradually promoted.

In order to better promote the improvement of the government governance system and the improvement of government governance capabilities, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee decided to further put forward corresponding requirements for improving the state's administrative system, mechanism, and many other aspects. For example, in the area of ​​administrative law enforcement, the Decision particularly emphasizes the requirements for improving the following four systems and mechanisms: first, to minimize unnecessary administrative law enforcement matters; second, to further integrate administrative law enforcement teams and continue to explore the implementation of cross-sectoral and cross-sectoral implementation Integrate law enforcement, push the focus of law enforcement downwards, and improve the level of administrative law enforcement capabilities; the third is to implement the administrative law enforcement responsibility system and accountability system; the fourth is to innovate administrative management and service methods, accelerate the construction of a national integrated government service platform, and strengthen a strong and powerful Administrative law enforcement system to improve government execution and credibility.

In optimizing the government's responsibility system and its system, the Fourth Plenum decided to first clarify the five basic functions of the government: economic regulation, market supervision, social management, public services, and ecological environmental protection. These five basic functions are a high-level and scientific summary of government functions based on our long-term research and exploration of the relationship between government and market and government and society under the socialist market economic system. In order to better optimize the government responsibility system and ensure that governments at all levels and government departments fully perform their functions, the "Decision" proposes to strengthen the construction of specific systems in various aspects.

In terms of optimizing the government organizational structure and improving related systems, the Fourth Plenum decided to emphasize the need to promote the legalization of institutions, functions, authorities, procedures, and responsibilities, so that government agencies can be set up more scientifically, functions can be optimized, and responsibilities and responsibilities can be more coordinated. To this end, the institutions, mechanisms and systems in these areas must be improved as soon as possible. This is also a requirement to achieve the goals of the rule of law government identified in the Implementation Outline of the Rule of Law (2015-2020) issued by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee and the Central Committee of the Communist Party and the State Council in 2015. The modernization of government governance capabilities is consistent. Promoting the goals of a government ruled by law, especially the realization of the two goals of scientific function and legal responsibility, will inevitably require reform and optimization of the government's organizational structure, including strict organizational establishment management and overall use of administrative management Resources, improve the utilization efficiency of resources, etc., and the results of government organizational structure reform and optimization must be institutionalized and ruled by law.

In addition, advancing the reform of the national administrative system and the improvement of the government's ability to govern also require the improvement of the mechanisms and systems related to the relationship between the central and local governments, so as to ensure the full enthusiasm of the central and local governments. In response, the Fourth Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee decided to put forward the general guiding principles for streamlining the relationship between the central and local powers and responsibilities: strengthen the management of the central government's macro affairs, maintain the unification of the country's legal system, unification of orders, and unification of the market. And on this basis, the requirements of perfecting the relevant specific mechanisms and systems are put forward. For example, in the areas of intellectual property protection, endowment insurance, and cross-regional ecological environmental protection, the central government's power should be appropriately strengthened to reduce and standardize the common power of the central and local governments; give more local autonomy and support local creative work; Establish and improve the standard vertical management system and local hierarchical management system, and optimize the intergovernmental system and the division of financial power, etc., in order to build a clear, smooth and dynamic working system from the central to the local authority and responsibility.

(The author is a professor at Peking University and organized by our reporter, Zhang Huan)