Author: Liangshan Huarong
Source: Interchain Pulse
On February 5, the 2020 Central Document No. 1 was officially released. The document states that strengthening the construction of modern agricultural facilities. Relying on existing resources to build agricultural and rural big data centers, accelerate the application of modern information technologies such as the Internet of Things, big data, blockchain, artificial intelligence, fifth-generation mobile communication networks, and smart weather in the agricultural field, and launch a national digital village pilot.
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Interchain Pulse noted that, unlike in the past, this time, the central file put the blockchain at the forefront of artificial intelligence and 5G. From the perspective of industrial development, this is not only after the "1024 Conference", the central government has added another policy to the blockchain industry, but also means that the status of the blockchain in the national strategic emerging industries has been raised again.
Not only that, according to the deployment in the document to complete the two major tasks in the "agriculture, rural areas, and farmers" field, the central government also provided a clear landing application scenario to support the development of the blockchain industry. With the encouragement of policies, the application of the blockchain industry in 2020 is expected to reach a new level.
Central policy continues to increase the status of blockchain
In fact, it is not just the No. 1 document of the Central Government in 2020. In recent years, the frequency of the various ministries and commissions of the central government to introduce supportive policies for the development of the blockchain industry has been accelerating.
As early as December 2016, in the "Thirteenth Five-Year National Informatization Plan" issued by the State Council, it was proposed to strengthen the strategic layout of advanced cutting-edge technologies, including the first mention of blockchain technology. From 2017 to 2018, in the guidance issued by the State Council, six documents mentioned the need to explicitly develop and use blockchain technology. In 2019, the ministries and commissions of the central government have issued policies related to the blockchain.
(Some blockchain-related policies issued by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council)
The Interlink Pulse Institute (IPRI) statistics show that from January to December 2019, there are as many as 45 pieces of blockchain-related support policy information issued by the central ministries and commissions, including the State Council and the General Office of the State Council's guidance on blockchain. As many as 13 policies.
In particular, after the "1024 Conference" proposed that blockchain should be used as an important breakthrough in independent innovation of core technology, the pace of policy introduction at the national level has further accelerated. According to the statistics of the Interlink Pulse Research Institute (IPRI), as of January 2020, 10 ministries and commissions including the central bank, the Ministry of Transport, the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, and the Ministry of Justice issued 11 consecutive projects to promote the integration of blockchain and various fields. Policy information. And the blockchain ranks first among many technologies.
There is no doubt that in the national strategic emerging industries, the status of blockchain in the policy context has been greatly improved.
Behind the continuous upgrade of policy status, the role of blockchain technology in future technological innovation and industrial change is receiving more and more attention.
On the one hand, in the increasingly complex international competition surrounding technological innovation, blockchain has become the new focus of global technological competition; on the other hand, blockchain is being sent as the core driving force of a new round of industrial reform. Hope to inject new momentum into the development of the domestic real economy.
In the "Guiding Opinions on Supporting Deepening Reform and Innovation of National-level New Districts and Accelerating the Promotion of High-Quality Development" issued by the General Office of the State Council on January 17, it was clearly stated that it is necessary to accelerate the development of blockchain technology and industrial innovation and explore + "Model to promote the deep integration of blockchain and the real economy.
The Central Document No. 1 focusing on the "agriculture, rural areas, and farmers" this time proposed that relying on the application of modern information technology such as blockchain in the agricultural field and launching a national digital village trial is undoubtedly a major strategic deployment to promote the integration of blockchain and the real economy. one.
The "agriculture, rural areas and farmers" field is rich in scenarios
Blockchain ranked first in the central file No. 1 for another reason or the rich application of blockchain to agriculture, rural areas and farmers. The 2020 Central Document No. 1 mentions multiple application scenarios where blockchain and other technologies have landed.
The document states that the construction of a cold storage logistics chain for agricultural products storage and storage facilities is started … Arranging investments within the central budget to support the construction of a number of backbone cold chain logistics bases. The state supports family farms, farmer cooperatives, supply and marketing cooperatives, postal express delivery enterprises, and industrialized leading enterprises in the construction of origin sorting and packaging, refrigerated storage, storage and transportation, and primary processing facilities, relying on existing resources to build agricultural and rural big data centers. Carry out national digital village trials.
From the content of the document, the application scenarios of the blockchain cover multiple fields such as agricultural product logistics, traceability, and supply chain management. And the original market size of these traditional agricultural products is large enough.
(Source: Foresight Institute of Industry)
Take agricultural product logistics as an example. According to the analysis report released by the Prospective Industry Research Institute, the total agricultural product logistics in China in 2020 will exceed 4 trillion yuan, and in the domestic agricultural product logistics and transportation market, the use of cold chain logistics systems for delivery is very small, and the market space is very large.
If the blockchain can be applied in this trillion-level market, its future imagination space can be imagined.
(Drawing: Interchain Pulse)
In particular, there are still very few applications of blockchain technology in the fields of agriculture, logistics and trade. According to the statistics of the Interlink Pulse Institute (IPRI), among the 400 landing applications disclosed in China in 2019, the proportion of trade logistics and agriculture is only 16% and 1%, respectively.
In the past two years, although many blockchain application projects have emerged in the fields of finance and government affairs, no large-scale commercial applications have emerged. The current central policy has promoted agricultural logistics as the representative of the agricultural sector. Some trillion-scale markets may be one of the breakthroughs.
Zhu Jiaming, a famous economist and director of the Digital Asset Research Institute, recently wrote that the combination of blockchain and industry is manifested in three modes: First, industries that have a natural genetic relationship with the blockchain, such as the encrypted digital currency industry and The financial industry; the second is the industry that uses the blockchain to transform the entire format, such as the IP industry and the legal service industry; the third is the industry that transplants blockchain technology and maintains its original industrial characteristics. For example, industries such as agriculture, counterfeit goods, and manufacturing. Among them, the third mode is the one that most requires blockchain technology and can affect the integrity of the economy. The so-called real economy, without the combination of blockchain technology and the real economy, the blockchain industry will always stay at the initial stage.
In mid-January this year, Interchain Pulse invited dozens of domestic and foreign professionals to conduct a multi-year survey. Among them, nearly 90% of the researchers believe that the landmark event of the application of the blockchain industry will occur in 2020. . So, under the encouragement of the policy of the No. 1 Document of the Central Government, will there be a landmark event in the application of the agricultural sector? let us wait and see.