Source: Huoxun Finance
Editor's note: The original title was "Chen Xiaohua: Actively Exploring the Road to the" Epilepsy "of Blockchain War." This article has been deleted without changing the author's original intention.
Introduction: On the evening of February 6, Chen Xiaohua, a digital economist and director of the Blockchain Special Committee of the China Mobile Communications Federation, was a guest at TALK. The following is a record of the interview.
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Chen Xiaohua, a digital economist and director of the Blockchain Special Committee of the China Mobile Communications Federation:
The outbreak has accelerated the application of next-generation information technologies such as blockchain and artificial intelligence in government governance, poverty alleviation, charity and other industries, and the blockchain industry ushers in new development opportunities. After the epidemic, blockchain will usher in a new round of development climax.
Blockchain technology can reduce transaction costs, increase transparency, and reduce the conflict between donations and acceptance in the philanthropy field.
For government regulators or civil affairs departments, it is only necessary to lead the establishment of a unified charity operation platform (blockchain supply chain operation platform), so that all legal charities must be stationed on this platform to operate charitable projects, which can make fraudulent fake charities. Nowhere to hide. At the same time, the blockchain technology used by the platform can be used for integrity and integrity of funds and materials supervision.
Moderator Zhao Yidan, editor-in-chief of Huoxun Finance: Good evening, everyone! Thank you for watching the special section of the blockchain industry talent think tank of Huoxun TALK! The theme of this special column is "How does blockchain help business and organizational innovation under the epidemic?" 》
The guest speaker tonight is Mr. Chen Xiaohua!
Mr. Chen is a digital economist, the director of the Blockchain Special Committee of the China Mobile Communications Federation, the director of the Financial Technology Research Institute of the National University Science and Technology Park of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, and an expert member of the Blockchain Lab of the School of Digital Finance of Zhejiang University. The sharing theme he brought today is: "Actively Exploring the Road to the" Blood "of the Blockchain War."
Blockchain development trend: Blockchain 4.0
Chen Xiaohua: First of all, I wish you all a year! I wish you and your family a Happy New Year, good luck and good health.
My sharing tonight includes three parts, what is wrong, and everyone is welcome to criticize and guide.
1. What is a blockchain.
2. The impact of the epidemic on China's economy.
3. Application of blockchain technology in the field of charity.
First of all, let me summarize my understanding of blockchain as: two attributes; six dimensions; one center. Because of time, I don't expand deeply today.
1. Two attributes: dual attributes of new finance and new technology.
2. Six dimensions: digital finance, social governance, reconstruction of the social credit system, technological innovation, industrial applications, and technological supervision.
3. One Center: Centered on the blockchain economy.
4. Blockchain development trend: Blockchain 4.0.
1) Build a trusted blockchain ecosystem; 2) Become an important part of the digital economy; 3) Beyond the Internet economy
Blockchain will usher in a new round of development after the epidemic
Zhang Xiaoyuan: Talk about the impact of the epidemic on China's economy.
Chen Xiaohua: First understand the national epidemic situation: 1. As of February 6, a total of 28,130 new coronavirus pneumonia cases have been confirmed nationwide, 24,702 suspected cases, 1,301 cured cases, and 564 death cases. (Data from Tencent Health)
The data is startling! Let me analyze the economic impact. Macroeconomic impact: The troika, that is, investment, consumption, and exports were all significantly affected. Short-term unemployment rose and prices rose.
Talk about the impact of the industry: the catering, tourism, entertainment, transportation, education and training industries will have the biggest impact, and the medical and medical, online gaming and other industries will benefit. The training and conference forum of the blockchain industry is also relatively affected.
Impact on micro-individuals: Private enterprises, small and micro-enterprises, self-employed, and migrant workers are more damaged.
Impact on the capital market: short-term positive bond market, bearish stock markets (except medicine, online entertainment), but in the medium term still depends on economic fundamentals and trends. The central bank launched a 1.2 trillion public market reverse repo.
Long-term impact: Government governance will be more transparent, and production and living formats will develop intelligently and online. Opportunities will be brewed from risks, or new formats will be created.
Impact of technological development: Accelerating the application of next-generation information technologies such as blockchain and artificial intelligence in government governance, poverty alleviation, charity and other industries, the blockchain industry welcomes new development opportunities. After the epidemic, the blockchain ushered in a new round of development climax.
Blockchain technology in the philanthropy field can reduce transaction costs, increase transparency, and reduce conflicts between donations and acceptance
Chen Xiaohua: Talk about the advantages of blockchain technology in the field of charity.
1.) Reduce transaction costs. Transactions on the blockchain can be completed point-to-point. You can directly give Qian Juan to a designated person or institution without having to transfer to multiple banks or institutions, which will effectively reduce transaction costs.
2.) Increase transparency. Blockchain technology can make the donation link more transparent. Each donation will be directly recorded in the distributed ledger database. The records are open, transparent, queryable and cannot be tampered with. Of course, you can also trace the donation through the ledger.
3.) Enhance trust and reduce conflicts between donation and acceptance. Blockchain technology can enable people to quickly build trust relationships, eliminating the need for donors for third parties, which means that charities and non-profit organizations will no longer rely on other institutions, such as banks, lawyers and government entities.
Blockchain + charity background:
1) The Ministry of Civil Affairs mentioned in the "Internet + Social Organization (Social Work, Volunteer Service)" Action Plan (2018-2020) that in terms of "Internet + charitable fundraising", it is necessary to explore the use of blockchain technology in public welfare donations. Application of charity tracking, transparent management, etc., to construct a tamper-resistant charity organization information query system, to enhance the authority, transparency and public trust of information publishing and search services.
2) On March 1, 2020, Liu Wei, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Chairman of Jiadu Technology (600728), proposed that the government provide more support to AI technology companies participating in charities and guide technological innovation. Actively carry out technology donations and platform support, combining advanced technologies such as big data, blockchain, and cloud technology with charity.
3) The overall situation and problems of Chinese philanthropy. As of the end of November 2019, more than 7,500 charitable organizations were registered nationwide. Data show that in 2019, 41,000 social organizations nationwide launched 62,000 poverty alleviation projects and invested more than 60 billion yuan. At the 7th China Ci Exhibition held in September 2019 alone, nearly 7.5 billion yuan in poverty alleviation funds were matched. (Data source: Website of China Association for the Promotion of Social Organizations)
In recent years, with the further combination of financial methods such as trust and charity, the public's enthusiasm and participation in charitable activities have been effectively stimulated. The "2019 China Charitable Trust Development Report" released by Beijing Jingyi Social Organization Service Center shows that after three years of development, charitable trusts have become an important channel for charitable organizations, financial institutions and the public to participate in charitable causes. As of December 31, 2019, a total of 273 charitable trusts had been filed across the country, with a property scale of 2.935 billion yuan.
Under the guidance of the civil affairs department, the technological means such as the Internet and the development of charitable activities have become increasingly close. Yifang, deputy director of the Department of Charity Promotion and Social Work of the Ministry of Civil Affairs, introduced in a previous charity-related forum that in the first half of 2019 alone, 5.26 billion people clicked, followed and participated in Internet charity, and raised more than 1.8 billion yuan.
Charity Supply and Demand Contradictions:
When we donate money to charities, we always hope that the special funds will be used exclusively for helping those in need and solving the difficulties facing the country in order to achieve a certain social significance. However, with the increasing number of charitable organizations and the increasing scale of charitable funds, the problems of low operating efficiency, unknown charitable funds, untrustworthy charities, and fraud of charitable funds remain very prominent.
The society's requirement for charitable organizations is the reasonable use of charitable funds (the use is clear, transparent, and traceable). Let us first review the major charity scandals in the past few years.
Recently, the public's questioning of the Red Cross Society in Hubei Province, Wuhan City and other parts of the province has continued to ferment. In the whirlpool of public opinion, the Hubei Red Cross, in an interview with "Chinese Philanthropist" on February 1, responded to public questions like this:
"Chinese Philanthropist": How does the Hubei Red Cross respond to this epidemic?
Hubei Red Cross: In the face of such a major public health epidemic, how and how to cooperate with the government in this situation? There have been changes, and we are not quite sure. Sometimes we cannot keep up with the release and dissemination of government information. There may also be a process of adjustment, including public opinion, some right and wrong, and some caring people feel confused. As we are already struggling, but you still have to insist on this position.
"China Philanthropist": Many hospitals report that the distribution of materials is not timely, and their medical supplies are still in short supply.
Hubei Red Cross: There are not enough people. We are still recruiting volunteers. If there are a lot of volunteers, the supplies may be sent faster, including the data statistics section. We ca n’t take care of it too, and there are a lot of reports.
"China Philanthropist": Why haven't all the materials donated?
Hubei Provincial Red Cross: We are now doing statistics. The first wave of announcements has caused such a great response from the public. In this way, I have to make my work more detailed and accurate.
"Chinese Philanthropist": But if it is too slow, it will affect the distribution efficiency.
Hubei Red Cross: But there is no way. In terms of statistics, we requested that we increase the number of professional statistical volunteers, a large amount of data, funds, and targeted donations. The headquarters, civil affairs and other departments must ask us for data, and we only have two people for statistical data. It should be noted that this does not mean that all items are distributed uniformly after statistics have been collected, but that statistics are distributed while statistics are being distributed.
Public opinion: They are throwing pans.
Attitude of Hubei Provincial Commission for Discipline Inspection: Disciplinary action.
The above picture is the notification and punishment information released by the official website of Hubei Discipline Inspection Commission.
Analysis: The Hubei Red Cross is in a critical situation in the face of such a major public health epidemic. If it is not actively involved in the rescue of the epidemic and does not perform its corresponding duties and responsibilities, it will not be true if it is analyzed a little. . However, the problems exposed in it have made the party's interpretation and explanation of the Hubei Red Cross seem pale before the whirlpool of public opinion. Just like dumb eating Huanglian, it is also caught in the dilemma of getting more and more dark. Not only is it difficult to resolve people's current dissatisfaction, but it has caused the public and the media to dig deeper into suspicion.
Why can't these problems always be eliminated? The current charity chain model is as follows:
Zhang Xiaoyuan: Form an automatic closed loop! Blockchain technology brings reliable and transparent, irrevocable features, and establishes a new model of Internet + Blockchain + Charity.
After using blockchain technology, the model becomes:
For government regulators or civil affairs departments, it is only necessary to lead the establishment of a unified charity operation platform (blockchain supply chain operation platform), so that all legal charities must be stationed on this platform to operate charitable projects, which can make fraudulent fake charities. Nowhere to hide. At the same time, the blockchain technology used by the platform can be used for integrity and integrity of funds and materials supervision. According to the solution of the supply chain technology, the system can realize the balance between supply and demand, avoid the phenomenon of redundant funds and materials, and clean up the corrupt soil.
That's all for tonight. Tonight, I mainly shared the application of the six dimensions of the blockchain. Thank you for listening. Industrial applications are the foundation.
Chen Xiaohua: Focus on repeating the development trend of the blockchain: Blockchain 4.0: 1) build a trusted blockchain ecosystem; 2) become an important part of the digital economy; 3) exceed the Internet economy in scale. thank you all.