Author: Luo Tao
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Since Satoshi Nakamoto published "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System" in 2008, the underlying blockchain technology used by Bitcoin has been developed for more than a decade. In 2016, the State Council of China issued the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" National Informationization Plan for the first time to include blockchain in the new technology category and make it a cutting-edge layout, marking that China has started to promote the development of blockchain technology and applications. Since then, the central and local governments have promulgated relevant supervision or support policies (local policies favor support), creating a good policy environment for blockchain technology and industrial development.
In 2020, as an important part of the digital economy, blockchain appears more and more frequently in the government work reports of various local governments, and is regarded as a great help to accelerate the high-quality development of traditional physical industries and modern service industries. It is reported that 22 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have written the blockchain into the 2020 government work report, which not only covers Beishangguang, Chongqing, Gansu and other central and western provinces. New track.
Judging from the contents of the work reports of local governments, most local governments regard the blockchain as a technical assistance for the optimization and upgrading of local industries, a new growth point for the digital economy industry, and have proposed more specific and detailed local blockchain development. aims. Chongqing, Shandong, Hainan, and Shaanxi provinces proposed the construction of blockchain-related industrial parks. Beijing, Jiangxi, Shandong, Guangdong, Hainan, Fujian, and Gansu also mentioned the direction of local blockchain application scenarios. Among them, electronics Government affairs become a common demand.
The pattern of "east strong and west weak" may change
In general, the domestic blockchain industry is mainly concentrated in first-tier cities with resources, facilities and policies such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen. However, the pattern of "strong east and weak west" is changing quietly. On the current domestic blockchain circuit, not only are the economically developed provinces and cities in the east, but more rising stars in the midwest are catching up. The blockchain is gaining More and more local governments are paying attention.
As mentioned in the 2020 government work report of Shandong Province, the manufacturing base of Shandong Province is solid, covering all 41 industrial categories and 197 medium-sized industries. It has 28,000 industrial enterprises above designated size and has great potential for industrial empowerment. With the deep integration and wide application of 5G, cloud computing, big data, artificial intelligence, blockchain and other manufacturing industries, the industrial wisdom and intelligent industrialization will inevitably generate a surging momentum. The report also emphasizes that it will resolutely cultivate and grow new momentum; accelerate the deployment of "new infrastructure", open 40,000 new 5G base stations during the year, build provincial blockchain industrial parks, and accelerate scene applications in areas such as financial technology, e-government, and social governance.
The Chongqing Municipal Government Work Report mentioned the blockchain four times: in promoting industrial transformation and upgrading, it implemented a special action plan for high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, and introduced special policies such as biomedicine, blockchain, and industrial Internet; "Screen device nuclear network" on the entire industrial chain, upgrade the blockchain industry innovation base to promote the development of blockchain technology and industry innovation; in the construction of "cloud-connected computing" element cluster, the construction of AI computing, block Chains are the supporting enabling platforms.
The Gansu Provincial Government Work Report mentioned that among the top ten ecological industry development breakthroughs, the province ’s blockchain platform “Digital Gansu, Ruyi Chain” has been launched; in accelerating the construction of “Digital Gansu”, the blockchain industry has been promoted Layout and industrial changes, and accelerate the expansion of the application scenarios of blockchain in non-ferrous metals, cultural tourism, channel logistics, and intellectual property.
It can be seen that the development of blockchain in China is no longer confined to economically developed provinces, but a new pattern of multi-flowering and coexistence of multiple industrial cluster regions. With the increasing emphasis of various provinces and cities on the blockchain, the provincial and municipal blockchain industry competition will become more intense.
Midwest still faces more challenges
In recent years, Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Jiangsu and more than 30 provinces and cities have issued policy guidance documents to carry out the layout of the blockchain industry chain. A total of 22 blockchain industry parks have been established nationwide, of which 20 are government Lead or participate in advancing. At present, China's blockchain industry has initially formed the four major blockchain industry clusters in the Bohai Rim, Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, and Hunan, Guizhou and Chongqing.
Judging from the proportion of enterprises in each agglomeration area and the proportion of valuation, the Bohai Rim Blockchain Agglomeration Industrial Zone is dominated by Beijing and Qingdao and radiates to Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong and other regions; the Yangtze River Delta agglomeration zone is dominated by Shanghai and Hangzhou, and Nanjing , Suzhou and surrounding cities; the Pearl River Delta is dominated by Shenzhen and Guangzhou, and radiates to Foshan, Hainan and other cities; the Hunan, Guizhou and Chongqing gathering areas are dominated by Guiyang, Chongqing and Changsha, radiating to the central and western regions.
Compared with these three gathering areas, the central and western regions still face more challenges. The main manifestation is that there is still a large gap with the eastern cities such as Shenzhen and Hangzhou in terms of industrial foundation; the disadvantages of the western cities are particularly obvious in terms of capital support. If the central and western regions want to realize the sustainable development of the blockchain industry and narrow the development gap with the east in all directions, they also need to find ways to attract more capital and support regional industrial development.