Under the current situation, "China's scientific and technological strength" and domestic enterprises that promote the development of science and technology have increasingly become the focus of social attention. According to our observation, not only the private enterprises of “Shenzhen Yuehai Street”, but also many domestic central enterprises and state-owned enterprises are also the new force that drives the development of science and technology. This is especially true in the area of blockchains.
At present, almost all bank-type state-owned enterprises are more or less involved in the business of blockchain. The inter-chain pulse is summarized in the article "Decisive battle blockchain financial battlefield Chinese financial institutions action map", Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, China Construction Banks and other practices in the field of blockchain finance. Therefore, in recent days, Mutual Chain Pulse has hereby counted the list of non-banking central enterprises involved in blockchain business, and detailed the blockchain practice of various enterprises in recent years.
As of April 2019, there were 97 central enterprises managed by the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council. According to the inter-chain pulse statistics, a total of 19 companies explored and developed the business in the blockchain field. In other words, nearly one-fifth (19.58%) of the current state-owned enterprises are implementing blockchain-related practices.
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At the same time, the inter-chain pulse observed that some central enterprises' blockchain practice is earlier than expected, and many central enterprises have already achieved certain results. At the same time, it also cooperates with companies such as BATJ, which is a major feature of non-bank-type central enterprises to promote the development of blockchain.
The future is already early than imagination
In recent years, the future led by blockchain technology is gradually expanding in front of us, and the practice of central enterprises in the blockchain field seems to be earlier than our imagination.
Since 2009, the number of domestic blockchain enterprises has continued to grow, and the chain of links has observed the “White Paper on China's Blockchain Industry Development”. In 2014, the number of new blockchain companies was the largest in a single year.
Following this wave of enthusiasm, China Unicom, one of the three major operators, has also joined the blockchain technology innovation. Since 2015, China Unicom Research Institute has been developing research on blockchain related theory and technology, open source software, distributed storage, consensus algorithms, and applications. It is reported that China Unicom has served in various international standards organizations and open source communities such as ITU-T, 3GPP, GSMA, ONF, etc., leading and jointly leading a number of international standards and forming a stable team of standardization experts.
China Mobile, which is also one of the three major operators, applied for blockchain-related patents in 2016. According to the patent application of the State Intellectual Property Office of China, China Mobile Communications Corporation announced two application patents related to the blockchain in June 2018, all of which were submitted in November 2016.
With the layout of China Unicom and China Mobile in the blockchain field in 2015 and 2016, more central enterprises engaged in blockchain practice emerged in 2017.
The State Grid began to deploy in the blockchain field in 2017. The State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Company set up a research and development team in September 2017 to jointly develop a blockchain platform with independent intellectual property rights with the State Grid Information and Communication Industry Group. In November of the same year, State Grid submitted a patent application related to the blockchain to the State Intellectual Property Office of China. Officially announced in April 2018.
In December 2017, the "White Paper on the Application of Blockchain Technology", which was prepared by the State Grid Zhejiang Power, was officially released to the outside world. The first blockchain technology project of the State Grid Corporation of China – "Blockchain Technology in Energy" Internet Application Research. The project studied the application of blockchain in finance, payment, points, finance, internet of things, deposit certificate, etc., and proposed the real-time IoT communication technology standard based on blockchain for the first time in the world. The standard was in 2018. May was established in the International Telecommunication Union ITU.
Also in December 2017, China Sinochem Corporation successfully completed the pilot of China's first single blockchain crude oil import transaction for crude oil import business from the Middle East to China. As a supporting technology for this application, blockchain technology has successfully improved the efficiency of crude oil trading execution and optimized the transaction financing cost by 20% to 30%.
In April 2018, Sinochem Energy Technology Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of Sinochem Group, successfully completed the export trading trial of blockchain application for a gasoline export business from Quanzhou to Singapore. This is the world's first energy trade blockchain application project involving government departments. It is also the world's first blockchain application that includes all key players involved in the commodity trading process.
Deep exploration focused on landing
The so-called wave is between the micro-small, with the deduction of time, the early exploration of the blockchain field of various enterprises has gradually landed.
It is reported that since 2016, the aerospace information of the blockchain technology (China Aerospace Science and Technology Aerospace Information Co., Ltd.) has been started, and a full-time blockchain technology R&D team has been formed, and in the Golden Tax, Finance and Internet of Things. A range of applications have been developed in three major areas.
Among them, electronic invoice is the main application of aerospace information blockchain technology. The aerospace information selection alliance chain method is used to construct the electronic invoice blockchain circulation and integration application platform. The platform has been piloted in five regions of Hubei, Shandong, Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Ningxia, and progress has been good. In April 2019, the list of publicity demonstration projects for network security technology application released by the Network Security Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also included the “blockchain-based electronic invoicing system” project of Aerospace Information Co., Ltd.
In June 2018, the first “blockchain-supply chain” subcontractor financing business in China was in the CCCC First Air Navigation Bureau (China Communications First Construction Engineering Co., Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of China Communications Construction Co., Ltd.) The first phase of the interception channel of Rongdong District of Rongcheng District of Anxin District was successfully completed. It is reported that the business utilizes the data traceability, behavioral norms, and fund management functions of the blockchain platform to realize the penetrating management of infrastructure construction projects in Xiong'an New District, and to provide services and commodities for the construction of Xiong'an New District through financial services. Financing.
In July 2018, the subsidiary of COFCO Group will trace the source of high-end tea cakes based on the root chain. Later, consider introducing blockchain technology in the tea supply chain to achieve the management goal of reducing costs and increasing efficiency.
In July 2018, Sinopec Technology Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of Sinochem Energy Technology Co., Ltd., helped the “Minengeng Chain” to help the single-methanol domestic trade business on the “Suihua Network” platform, and successfully implemented the blockchain application pilot of chemical products trading.
In July 2018, China Telecom, China Telecom and China Unicom jointly led the Trusted Blockchain Telecom Application Group. In September of the same year, Liang Wei, China Telecom responsible for blockchain research and development, introduced at a meeting that China Telecom did some practice in the blockchain field: the first practice, China Telecom made a district for the operator's electronic bidding system. Blockchain transformation; the second practice is to create a traceability of agricultural resources based on blockchain for government and enterprise customers; the third practice is to provide accurate poverty alleviation cases for a province in the west.
Strong and strong joint directors
In addition to early development and deep exploration, the inter-chain pulse has also observed that cooperation with Internet giants such as BATJ is also a feature of the central enterprise to explore the blockchain.
In April 2018, COSCO Shipping Container Transport Co., Ltd. (under China Ocean Shipping Group Co., Ltd.) announced that it will cooperate with JD.com and Caron Farmers to transport Ecuadorian bananas with blockchain technology. This is blockchain technology in the international marine container transportation industry. The first commercial landing application.
In November of the same year, COSCO Shipping Consignment signed a letter of intent with Dubai World Port Group and software solution provider CargoSmart to reach a cooperation intention to build a shipping industry blockchain alliance, the global shipping business network. At the same time, COSCO Shipping has jointly developed and implemented the “Chain Chain Technology-based Shipping Supply Chain Depository Platform Project” with Tongji University to further optimize and enhance the level of shipping logistics services.
In June 2018, the general manager of China Railway Corporation met with Ma Yun, chairman of the board of directors of Alibaba Group. The two sides conducted in-depth discussions and reached consensus on how to use big data, cloud computing, blockchain and Internet of Things technologies in the development of China's railway industry.
In August 2018, China Ping An Insurance Co., Ltd. and China Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd. signed a strategic cooperation agreement. The two sides will cooperate in all aspects of traditional Chinese medicine industry chain, medical health big data, pharmaceutical supply chain and medical industrial park. .
In October 2018, Baidu announced a strategic cooperation with China Baowu Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd. The two parties will jointly promote the application of ABC+IoT technology in the steel industry chain scenario, and reach consensus in seven directions, such as AI and blockchain. At the same time, China Baowu Iron and Steel Group also cooperated with Tongji University and Shanghai Bank to build the “Shanghai Commercial Blockchain Supply Chain Financial Application Demonstration Project”.
In November 2018, Jinshan Yun and Anshan Iron and Steel Group jointly built an industrial cloud platform – "Steel Steel Cloud" officially. Combines technologies such as cloud computing, blockchain, Internet of Things, and artificial intelligence.
National power can be expected in the future
In addition to the above-mentioned enterprises, the inter-chain pulse statistics, such as China Electronics Technology Group Co., Ltd., China State Shipbuilding Corporation, China Southern Power Grid Co., Ltd., China Forestry Group Co., Ltd., China National Petroleum Corporation, etc. The corresponding research and exploration in the field of blockchain.
This year, China Mobile, the State Grid, and Chinese ships have continued to carry out relevant practices.
China Mobile conducted an exploration of the blockchain token model. At the beginning of 2019, China Mobile tried to show the value of the blockchain to ordinary consumers by integrating blockchain technology into ordinary household products. The company has developed a water purifier with built-in computing chips and IoT modules. Xiao Yi, director of China Mobile's IoT product marketing market, said that the smart device is different in that, according to the time and frequency of the consumer's use of the product, they will get a blockchain token called PWMC, and then they can It is redeemed for a replacement filter or for other items.
National Grid further focuses on the development of blockchain technology. In January 2019, State Grid Co., Ltd.'s first self-developed blockchain application platform was successfully launched at State Grid Zhejiang Electric Power Co., Ltd. The application platform is based on the underlying platform of the blockchain independently developed. In March 2019, the Power Application Experimental Base of the Key Laboratory of Blockchain of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology was unveiled at the State Grid E-commerce Company (State Grid Financial Technology Group).
Chinese ships are further promoting landing applications. According to the People’s Daily reported on March 27, 2019, China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSICL), a subsidiary of China National Shipbuilding Corporation, signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Shanghai Bank for supply chain services, and both parties will develop for CSIC upstream suppliers. An online supply chain financing platform based on blockchain.
Not only the scope of central enterprises, but also state-owned enterprises are gradually exploring accordingly:
In January 2018, SAIC and the blockchain project also came to cloud Elastos to cooperate in the application of blockchain technology in the central control system to identify the identity, connect and control other systems in the car, and build a unified software development platform for smart cars. .
In August 2018, Taibao and the Jingdong Group jointly announced that the first electronic project for the realization of special invoices for value-added tax using blockchain technology was officially put into operation.
In March 2019, the Thunderbolt of the blockchain platform of Netcore Technology, a subsidiary of the Thunder Group, was selected by Guangdong Southern New Media Co., Ltd. as the partner of the "blockchain founding node system construction project". The “blockchain founding node system construction project” is to build a copyright chain alliance chain system.
The blockchain practice of central enterprises and state-owned enterprises is increasingly promising.
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