Counting the mysterious Bitcoin creator: Who is the real Nakamoto?

Everyone is Nakamoto, but some people are more likely to be Nakamoto than others. The 10 people mentioned below have been advertised as the elusive creators of Bitcoin because they have more or less similarities with this mysterious digital person. Whether one of these people is Nakamoto Satoshi, the answer is up to you.


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Vili Lehdonvirta

Supporting views: In an article in the 2011 New Yorker, the Finnish professor was the first to be considered a Nakamoto. Due to the lack of fanatic speculation at the time, this also affected the subsequent efforts to find Nakamoto. Vili Lehdonvirta's human flesh search information is purer than others. But this does not make this speculation result more correct.

Opposition: In an interview with the author of The New Yorker, the 31-year-old Helsinki Institute for Information Technology researcher explained that he has no cryptography and C++ programming is very basic.

Interesting fact: Vili Lehdonvirta is now an associate professor and senior researcher at the Internet Research Institute at the University of Oxford. He is also a researcher at the Alan Turing Institute. He has written about Bitcoin, the most recent of which. One topic is "Bitcoin is not a currency – it can be worthless unless it becomes a currency."


Vili Lehdonvirta

Paul Le Roux

Supporting the view: If Le Roux created Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto is the biggest villain of the 21st century. The invention of encryption software, drug smuggling, drugs, gun smuggling, national shaping, you can say, Le Roux is involved. The construction of Bitcoin is completely under his control, and it is also the embodiment of his arrogant ambition.

Opposition: When Ben Cong carefully designed bitcoin in 2009, Le Roux was involved in drug smuggling, gun management and his own empire building. These two opposing pursuits seem unlikely to be compatible. Moreover, Nakamoto has always given a humble impression in his work. And Le Roux is a bastard who loves to abuse power and insists that others call him the "boss."

Interesting fact: Around 2006, Le Roux's online pharmaceutical system was described by the criminal biography book The Mastermind as: "Put one out, the other simply snaps in, and the network continues to sizzle. "Does this remind you of something?"


Paul Le Roux

Gavin Andresen

Supporting views: Gavin Andresen is the one who transferred the development work to Bitcoin developer Nakamoto when he left office in 2010. If the two are the same person, this method will be very effective for Satoshi Satoshi, because he can hand over without leaving the building. In addition, according to a stylistic study, Andresen's writing style is more like Nakamoto than any other candidate.

Opposition: In 2016, after Craig Wright claimed to be confirmed by Nakamoto, Andresen became the first of many Bitcoiners blinded by Craig Wright. Either Andresen is super easy to be deceived, or he is playing 4D chess to pull the distance between himself and the pseudonym further.

Interesting fact: Gavin Andresen created the first Bitcoin faucet website in 2010. It issues 5 bitcoins to anyone who has visited the site and completed the verification code.


Gavin Andresen

Hal Finney

Supporting views: Hal Finney is the first responder to Nakamoto's announcement of Bitcoin's mailing list and the recipient of the first bitcoin transaction. Hal Finney is more representative of Bitcoin than any other celebrity. Finney, like Nakamoto, saw the long-term potential of Bitcoin and was able to convincingly explain the world of Bitcoin. In addition, Gavin Andresen is not the only person with a writing style similar to that of Nakamoto: Juola and Associates, a stylistic analyst, claim that Nakamoto and Finney have the most similar writing styles.

Opposition: For Satoshi Nakamoto, in dealing with Finney, he is essentially talking to himself and dealing with himself. It is meaningless for a person who deliberately conceals his identity. He must know that Finney will be found out of meat at some point, so it seems illogical for Nakamoto to leave such obvious traces.

Interesting fact: Hal Finney lives two blocks from Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto, and some people think that the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto is taken from Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto. As one Reddit user said: “Hal Finney and his password punk counterparts intend to make this house a bank-confiscated friendly retired old man representing all victims of the modern financial system and become a symbolic figure behind the financial revival.”


Hal Finney

Nick Szabo

Supporting the view: Stylistics seems to be an inaccurate art, because many people are identified as Nakamoto by their writings. Nick Szabo is the third person on the list, but there are more compelling reasons why he may be Nakamoto. For example, the computer scientist’s "bit gold" is considered to be the closest. The predecessor of Bitcoin. Nick Szabo is the most qualified person on this list to create Bitcoin.

In 2008, Szabo commented on his blog that he was planning to create a real-time version of Bit Gold; this seems to be reflected in a few months, because Bitcoin seems to be credible. Szabo's excellent blog post published around 2008 has all the characteristics of Nakamoto. Phrases such as "unforgeable costliness" and the shouts of Hal Finney make Szabo look very close to the core characters of Bitcoin.

Opposition: Szabo has always denied that he is Nakamoto, and in 2014 disclosed the words in writing: "I am afraid that you are mistaken for me as Nakamoto, but I am used to it."

Interesting fact: Nakamoto's decision to quote Szabo's research on "bit gold" in the Bitcoin white paper may be the most convincing evidence.


Nick Szabo

Bram Cohen

Supporting views: Bram Cohen, born in 1975, started playing "bits" before Bitcoin came out, and Nakamoto said that he was born in 1975. The Bittorrent creator once ran a Usenet website called, where he talked to the creators of Hashcash, which inspired Bitcoin. When Nakamoto began researching bitcoin, Cohen's extensive blog post slowed down. He and Satoshi Chong have similar interests. In 2009, he wrote an article about hiding personal identity on the Internet and published an article on digital signatures at the same time. Cohen's interest in recreational mathematics has also become a credible evidence that he may be Nakamoto.

Opposition: Cohen's current project is a "green" cryptocurrency called Chia, which he claims is a "control" between Bitcoin and PoW. It's hard to imagine that Cohen would abandon his previous work in this way.

Interesting fact: In the past few years, Cohen has sent 10 articles about Nakamoto on Twitter, but he has never directly denied that he is Nakamoto.


Bram Cohen

Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto

Supporting the view: In addition to being the same name as the creator of Bitcoin, and where he lives only a few blocks away from another may be Nakamoto's Hal Finney, Dorian Nakamoto has little reason to become Nakamoto. However, if there is, Hal Finney is more likely to be Nakamoto, he may just borrow the name of his fellow countryman.

Opposition: Dorian may have the face of Nakamoto, but he certainly does not have the brain of Nakamoto.

Interesting fact: So Dorian Nakamoto became a celebrity, and he has been invited by many parties to participate in many blockchain meetings.


Dorian Nakamoto

Craig Wright

Supporting views: Wright really wants to be Nakamoto Satoshi. He has been calling himself Nakamoto since 2016. You may remember that you have the same feeling for your superhero, always wanting to have the same body when you fall asleep or wake up. For you, this happens only when you are six years old, and Wright is 48 years old.

There is evidence that Wright has been lurking in the dark shortly after the advent of Bitcoin, but all this proves that "Ao Ben Cong" is a speculator, and his masterpiece is mixed in the brighter star army.

Opposition to the point of view: Criticism of Craig has always followed. It's hard to pick a popular person, but Jameson Lopp's long-term reprimand of this person who might become Nakamoto is a good proof.

Interesting fact: In 1987, Wright applied to the Australian Defence Force Academy for pilot training but was rejected.


Craig Wright

Dave Kleiman

Supporting views: Kleiman and self-proclaimed Nakamoto Satoshi Craig Wright and Phil Wilson are also members of the "Nakamoto Satoshi Army". Both Craig Wright and Phil Wilson did not have credible evidence to create bitcoin, and Kleiman died in 2013. As an avid cryptographer, Kleiman is a member of Nakamoto's mailing list for the first time on October 31, 2008. He also works for S-doc, a software company focused on encryption, which is developing an "unchangeable encrypted audit log system."

Opposition: Any documents related to Kleiman and Bitcoin are provided by Craig Wright, so it is almost certainly forged. Therefore, there is no reliable evidence that Kleiman created Bitcoin. Wright turned around Kleiman's family like a vulture, trying to get the shares of the allegedly owned 1 million Bitcoin Trust, which is the strongest evidence that Kleiman created Bitcoin, and Wright did not. If other members of the cryptographic mailing list die first, Wright will definitely look to them to get millions of dollars through legal fraud as part of their long-term scam.

Sad fact: Dave Kleiman died of poverty and defeat. "His body was rotted when it was discovered, surrounded by empty bottles and a pistol of the captain… A bullet hole was found on his mattress, but no used cartridges were found on the scene."


Dave Kleiman

a mystery that can never be solved

There are also many people known as Nakamoto, including Elon Musk, the white supremacist James Bowery, and three more believable researchers—Neal King, Vladimir Oksman, and Charles Bry. Their names are slightly more credible. However, these people, like other suspects, are unlikely to participate in the creation of Bitcoin. Anyone interested in cracking the case can check out Nakamoto's total of 80,000 words at the Nakamoto Research Institute. Get ready for a rabbit hole in the Google search and style test, until late at night to find out the truth is still out of reach.

Most people who are obsessed with who is or who was once in this mystery will admit that if Nakamoto's identity has not been discovered, it is the best for Bitcoin. However, they can't resist looking for his motivation, as Einstein said, "It's important not to stop doubting, curiosity has its reasons for existence."

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