Babbitt Column | What does the White Paper on the Application of Blockchain Judicial Deposits tell us?

Babbitt Note: On June 14th, guided by the Information Center of the Supreme People's Court, China Information and Communication Research Institute, Shanghai Higher People's Court, and the White Paper on the Application of Blockchain Judicial Deposits jointly sponsored by many units such as Zhongjing Tianping and Tencent. "Official release."

The white paper introduces the characteristics and system design principles of blockchain electronic data deposits in a shallow and deep way, and shares several blockchain judicial deposit business areas and actual cases. White paper download link: Blockchain technology has the characteristics of non-tamperable, traceable traceability, and multi-party participation in deposit sharing. It can be said that electronic data storage has always been a well-known blockchain application field . The White Paper on the Blockchain Judicial Deposit is very detailed and authoritative, revealing a wealth of information, and I believe that there will be very meaningful implications for the blockchain industry and the judicial system.

First, the Chinese court attaches great importance to the application of blockchain judicial deposit

The White Paper on the Application of Judicial Deposits in Blockchain was issued by the Information Center of the Supreme People's Court, led by the China Information and Communication Research Institute and the Shanghai Higher People's Court, and was jointly completed by a number of representative organizations in the relevant industry.

The court system high court includes: Jilin Provincial High Court, Jiangxi Provincial High Court, Shandong Provincial High Court, Sichuan High Court, Guangxi High Court, Tianjin High Court

Internet Court: Beijing Internet Court, Hangzhou Internet Court, Guangzhou Internet Court

The public security system is: Xuzhou Public Security Bureau

The notary system is: Chongqing Notary Association

Big Data Research Institute: China Judicial Big Data Research Institute,

Multimedia System Provider: Shanghai Jinqiao Information Co., Ltd.

Blockchain bottom service provider: Beijing Fanrong Technology Co., Ltd.

Product R&D in the field of national legal construction and information construction: Beijing Zhongjing Tianping Technology Co., Ltd.

Alliance Chain Technology Provider Focusing on Smart Contracts: Hangzhou Secret Technology Co., Ltd.

Regulatory technology service provider focusing on services such as government affairs, finance and justice: Xi'an Pagui Internet Technology Co., Ltd.

Open SaaS service platform for online contract contracting and evidence custody: Shenzhen Fada Network Technology Co., Ltd.

Computer hardware, electronic equipment, communication equipment provider: Jiangsu Zhongxing Huayi Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Data Security Product Operation Service Provider: Beijing Youxuan Software Co., Ltd.

In addition, major Internet giants: Tencent Technology (Shenzhen) Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Ant Micro Finance Services Group Co., Ltd., Jingdong Digital Technology Holdings Co., Ltd., Baidu Online Network Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd.

From the perspective of the lineups involved in the compilation, it should be able to reflect China's most authoritative views and latest practices in the field of blockchain deposits .

Second, blockchain deposit is a legal evidence of electronic data

Before 2012, the evidence of electronic numbers could not become independent evidence to participate in litigation under the Chinese legal system. The Civil Procedure Law, the Criminal Procedure Law and the Administrative Litigation Law, which were revised in 2012, incorporate electronic data into legislation as a type of evidence.

Subsequently, the judicial interpretation of the Civil Procedure Law of the Supreme People's Court in 2015 stipulated some forms of electronic data. In 2019, the Ministry of Public Security issued the “Rules for the Electronic Data Collection of Criminal Cases by Public Security Organs”. In 2011, the State Administration for Industry and Commerce issued the “Regulations on Industrial and Commercial Administration”. The Guiding Opinions on the Evidence Collection of Electronic Data Evidence by Administrative Organs, which clarifies that electronic evidence can be used as independent evidence in administrative and judicial practice, and has some provisions on the means of obtaining evidence for electronic data.

The Supreme People's Court issued the "Regulations on Several Issues in Internet Court Trial Cases" issued on September 7, 2018, for the first time, acknowledging that electronic data stored in blockchains can be used in Internet case proofs, marking China's blockchain. Technical means are recognized by the judicial interpretation .

Third, how the blockchain system plays a role in the blockchain deposit

According to the white paper, blockchain electronic data can improve the efficiency of electronic evidence identification. The blockchain judicial deposit system can help judicial staff, especially judges and arbitrators, effectively improve the efficiency and quality of evidence review and reduce the difficulty and risk of review. It is of positive significance and important value to improve the quality of cases and promote judicial work.

Specifically, the auxiliary function of the blockchain certificate system for evidence identification is mainly achieved through the following aspects: the security architecture ensures the authenticity of electronic data carriers, trusted time stamps and smart contracts and other key technologies to improve the authenticity of electronic data. Relevant technologies such as real-name identification and authentication improve the efficiency of evidence identification. The blockchain deposit certificate system can also integrate with notarization, forensic identification and auditing, and empower each other to further improve the credibility of stored and exported evidence.

Fourth, the relevant application scenarios of blockchain deposit

The main application scenarios include litigation services in the court industry, auxiliary trials, publicity and delivery, and assisted execution, as well as the construction of judicial collaborative application platforms such as courts, procuratorates, public security, and judicial bureaus, as well as social depository applications including electronic contracts and copyright management. Confirmation of the right to save the certificate.

V. At present, some blockchain verification cases of China's court system

At present, China's court system has developed a number of blockchain platforms, including the electronic evidence platform of the Higher People's Court of Jilin Province, the electronic evidence platform of the Higher People's Court of Shandong Province, the electronic evidence platform of the Beijing Internet Court “Tianping Chain”, and the “Judicial District of Hangzhou Internet Court”. Blockchain", Guangzhou Internet Court "Netcom Blockchain", Zhengzhou Intermediate People's Court Electronic Evidence Platform and Chengdu Yidu District People's Court Electronic Evidence Platform.