Text | Carol Edit | Tong Source | PANews.io
On June 18th, the Internet giant Facebook, with 2.7 billion users worldwide, officially announced the establishment of a simple global currency, Libra, and a coalition chain aimed at becoming a financial infrastructure to provide financial services to billions of people. Those who are optimistic about Libra believe that this will achieve the original vision of cryptocurrencies mentioned in the Bitcoin white paper. Those who are not optimistic about Libra believe that the data on the chain will be used for Facebook's business purposes, and user privacy is still not guaranteed .
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PAData analyzes the market data before and after the publication of the white paper, trying to observe that in the short term, the market's digestive performance of this news, Libra's positive impact is industry-oriented? Libra has a dual concept of “payment + stability”. Will its entry impact on existing payment concept coins and stable coins be exclusive?
High-frequency word cloud map of Libra's white paper on Libra's introduction
Short-term positives have a greater impact on the overall than the concept sector
Before Facebook officially released the white paper, the media began to spoil the content of the Facebook blockchain project, or sort out its development process. From the news point of view, this is undoubtedly the biggest benefit this week.
PAData selects the secondary market data for the week before and after the release of the white paper for analysis. It can be seen that within the week before the release of the white paper, the top 5 of the market value (the top 5 coins in the market value of CoinMaketCap on June 20, including XRP due to the same payment) The concept is therefore classified in the payment concept currency and replaced by the 6th currency in the market value.) The mainstream currency generally rose. Especially in the three days before the publication of the white paper, except for the decline of LTC on June 16, all other mainstream currencies rose . On the day of the release of the white paper, on June 18, the mainstream currency fell, with an average decline of 2.79%. Investment investment is a good expectation. When the profit is exhausted, the decline in the currency price is also in line with common sense.
Previously, media analysis believed that Facebook's cryptocurrency would be the mainstay of payments, targeting C-side consumers. In fact, as early as 10 years ago, Facebook issued Facebook Credits points, which can be used to buy and sell virtual goods in the game. From the perspective of payment, does the good news of Facebook's currency issue also affect the existing payment concept currency?
The main currencies of the payment concept XRP (Ripple), XLM (Stellar), OMG (OmiseGO), MCO (Crypto.com), PAY (TenX) and mainstream currency have roughly the same market performance, all of which were different in the week before June 18. The increase in the degree fell on June 18. The difference is that the overall average increase of the payment concept currency is only 0.61%, while the overall average increase of the mainstream currency is 1.41% , which is equivalent to the overall average increase of the payment concept currency is less than half of the mainstream currency, and it is accompanied by more High average amplitude.
To a certain extent, this means that the positive news that Facebook publishes cryptocurrencies has a slightly greater impact on mainstream currencies than on payment concept coins . In view of the fact that the current cryptocurrency market is still a market highlighted by the “Matthew effect”, the stronger positive impact on mainstream currencies can also be seen to a certain extent that Facebook currency is beneficial to the entire cryptocurrency market, driving the overall currency price. Upstream.
However, the current market is in the Mavericks market, it is difficult to attribute the general increase of the week before June 18 to the single good news that Facebook wants to issue coins.
A veteran cryptocurrency investor told PAData, "Although this wave of recent market is not entirely because of Facebook, but the BTC broke through the 8,000-dollar mark here (the red circle in the picture below), it must be related to Facebook, this is good to force the downturn ( The yellow arrow indicates) the sideways adjustment (indicated by the red box) turns into a rising wave."
The picture shows the BTC/USDT transaction against the daily line K-line chart
Here, although some media have revealed that Facebook's cryptocurrency will appear in the form of stable currency, since the stable currency is mostly a transaction intermediary and does not have investment properties, PAData does not include the stable currency market performance. .
No homogenous competitors "payment + stability" main C-side consumption
Although the good news of Facebook's currency has been digested in the secondary market with the official announcement of the Libra white paper, it is foreseeable that the entry of social giants with 2.7 billion global users will have a profound impact on the development of the entire industry.
From the white paper, Libra's actual assets will be "a series of low-volatility assets, including cash and government currency securities provided by a stable and reputable central bank", essentially a stable currency anchoring a basket of legal currency.
Throughout the current cryptocurrency market, USDT is undoubtedly the "leading boss" in the stable currency market, with a market share of about 80%, and is stable at this level for a long time. Other emerging stable currencies such as USDC, TUSD, PAX, GUSD, DGX, EURS, nUSD, DAI, etc. are also eyeing.
The most mainstream stable currency in the current market is a stable currency that anchors a single legal currency, that is, the stable currency is always exchanged for 1:1. Its main purpose is to provide secondary market trading media for users who cannot directly use legal currency transactions, such as USDT, USDC, TUSD, PAX, GUSD, etc. The competition for these stable currencies is mainly channel competition. Who can put more exchanges on the market and open more transactions will likely get more traffic.
But Libra is a big difference from the current mainstream stable currency. Libra anchors a basket of French coins. “So Libra's value fluctuates from any particular currency perspective,” says Libra. You cannot always exchange a certain currency at a fixed exchange rate. Although Libra also allows “ authorized dealers to integrate into exchanges and other institutions that buy and sell cryptocurrencies to users, helping users to convert between cash and Libra ”, as a trading medium, it is clear that Libra, which is floating in exchange rates, is not as good as the current exchange. The stable coins in it, and this is not the goal of Libra.
Libra's key goal is to “enable billions of people to use low-volatility cryptocurrencies, which can be used as a low-threshold trading medium from the outset, and support new digital natives such as micropayments. Use." It is not difficult to see that Libra's ambition is to become a small payment currency for billions of people, or a means of payment for billions of people in consumption.
This is actually different from the currency in which the main cryptocurrency is paid and settled. For example, the two currencies with the largest market value in the payment concept, XRP and XLM, are currently focused on the B-end market .
Emi, Ripple's global operations director and head of Asia Pacific, publicly stated at the Money20/20 conference in November 2018, "Ripple is the first company to focus on blockchain enterprise applications, but XRP is an optimization layer for cross-border payments. The core layer is still settled in French currency.” Stellar (XLM), which has partnered with IBM, established World Wire. As of March this year, banks and financial institutions in 72 countries have joined the network, supporting 48 types of legal currency.
Earlier this year, JP Morgan, which announced the release of the US dollar stable coin JPM Coin, is mainly targeted at JP Morgan's high-net-worth clients, which are basically out of the ordinary.
Therefore, according to Libra's positioning, there is no homogeneous competitor in the current cryptocurrency market . As a stable currency, USDTs have no offline actual use cases, but Libra is backed by Facebook Massager, Instgram, WhapsApp, eBay, Uber, and offline use is just around the corner.
According to Wang Yongli, the former vice president of the Bank of China, cryptocurrency as a business circle cannot replace and subvert the currency, and its value depends mainly on the value of the business circle. How much energy Libra will ultimately play depends largely on the products of the members of the association. As Bloomberg News says, if most of the things that consumers buy online are priced with Libra, then they tend to use Libra.
On the other hand, stable coins and payment coins that may face Libra's strong competition are also seeking new breakthroughs .
Ryan Asia Pacific head Ryan told PANews: "TUSD is also exploring new use cases such as remittances. I think TUSD and other stable currencies need to really open up one or two vertical market segments (as an offline application case)." OmiseGO Relevant people said: "Libra's release will definitely have some impact, but I think we are all facing similar problems at the moment. At the same time we are also exploring different scenarios in the support field ."
Therefore, this is a battle between the scene and the user.