Ethereum’s Dencun Upgrade: Lowering Costs and Fees for Layer-2 Blockchains

Key Figures from Layer-2 Teams Discuss Impact of Ethereum's Upcoming 'Dencun' Upgrade on Networks and Expenses

Ethereum Fees to Decrease for Arbitrum, Polygon, Starknet, Base. How Much?

Ethereum, the beloved blockchain platform that has revolutionized the world of decentralized finance, is about to undergo a major upgrade known as Dencun. This upgrade is expected to bring lower costs for layer-2 blockchains, such as rollup networks, resulting in cheaper transactions and reduced fees for users. But how exactly will this upgrade impact the blockchain ecosystem? We spoke with top experts from Polygon, Arbitrum, StarkWare, and Base to get their predictions.

The Dawn of Cheaper Transactions

📣 Picture this: You’re cruising down the highway in your brand-new sports car, feeling the wind in your hair. But every time you stop at a toll booth, the fees keep piling up, eating away at your excitement. Now, imagine a world where these toll booths are scattered throughout the highway, but you only have to pay a fraction of the cost. That’s exactly what Ethereum’s Dencun upgrade aims to achieve for layer-2 blockchains!

Layer-2 blockchains, like rollup networks, offer faster and cheaper transactions than the main Ethereum blockchain. However, the costs for these networks to store data on Ethereum have remained relatively high. With the introduction of Dencun and its star component, EIP-4844 (or “proto-danksharding”), a new type of transaction class will be implemented. This class will reduce the costs of publishing data on these layer-2 blockchains by introducing separate data “blobs” that act as temporary storage spaces. Think of them as side cars attached to your main car, taking up no extra space.

The result? Lower costs for layer-2 networks to store data on Ethereum, leading to reduced fees for users.

💡Polygon’s Perspective

Jordi Baylina, co-founder of Polygon, believes that the prices will go down due to increased supply and demand. With Ethereum’s data availability set to increase, the price should naturally decrease. While the exact magnitude of the reduction remains uncertain, Baylina sees this upgrade as a crucial step towards scaling the blockchain infrastructure.

On the topic of different rollups, Brendan Farmer, another co-founder of Polygon, highlighted the varied benefits for zero-knowledge (ZK) rollups and optimistic rollups. While ZK rollups will incur minimal costs for proving data existence, optimistic rollups might require fees for data verification during the seven-day delay.

💡Arbitrum’s Insight

Steven Goldfeder, co-founder of Arbitrum, discussed the impact of Dencun on L1 (layer-1) fees. He emphasized the importance of finding a balance between layer-1 and layer-2 pricing. Some competitors may opt for zero layer-2 fees, which is unsustainable due to the potential for network misuse. This fee conundrum will soon come to the forefront of layer-2 network discussions.

💡StarkWare’s View

Eli Ben-Sasson, the CEO of StarkWare, emphasized the significance of blobs in reducing transaction costs. According to Ben-Sasson, approximately 90% of the fees users pay for transactions are related to the cost of data on layer 1. With the introduction of blobs and the potential for a significant decrease in prices, this cost component could plummet by a factor of 10. StarkWare has been diligently preparing its Starknet infrastructure to fully support the upgrade and take advantage of the cost reductions.

💡Base’s Breakdown

Jesse Pollak, head of protocols at Coinbase and creator of the Base layer-2 network, provided some valuable insights on the pricing dynamics after Dencun. He estimated that the blob space opened up by proto-danksharding will roughly quadruple the existing Ethereum rollup usage. With this level of demand, transaction fees could potentially become “really cheap.” However, increased usage due to lower costs might eventually find a stable equilibrium, resulting in fees that are two to five times lower than current rates. Coinbase’s goal is to achieve transaction costs below one cent.

⚡ The Future of Ethereum’s Layer-2 Networks

As the Dencun upgrade approaches, the Ethereum ecosystem is buzzing with anticipation. While the experts all agree that lower costs and fees are on the horizon, the exact extent of the reduction remains uncertain. The market mechanism for fee rates makes it difficult to predict. However, the consensus is that layer-2 networks will become more accessible and affordable, enabling a wider array of users to participate in the Ethereum revolution.

🔮 Looking Ahead

What does this mean for the future of Ethereum and its layer-2 networks? With lower costs, we can expect increased adoption and usage, leading to further network growth. As more users flock to layer-2 solutions, it will be essential for developers to continue innovating and optimizing their networks. The scalability and efficiency of layer-2 blockchains will play a vital role in accommodating this surge in demand.

But what about the investment potential? While we can’t provide financial advice, it’s worth considering that the lower fees and increased scalability could attract more users and developers to the Ethereum ecosystem. This influx of interest could potentially drive up the value of Ethereum and its associated projects.

📚 Reference Links:

  1. Dencun Upgrade Announcement
  2. Understanding Rollup Networks
  3. Ethereum’s Roadmap by Vitalik Buterin
  4. Polygon Official Website
  5. Arbitrum Official Website
  6. StarkWare Official Website
  7. Base Official Website
  8. The Protocol Podcast by

📢 Now it’s your turn! What are your thoughts on Ethereum’s Dencun upgrade? Will the lower costs and fees attract more users to layer-2 blockchains? Share your opinions on social media and let’s spark a conversation about the future of Ethereum!

💬 Q&A: Reader’s Questions Answered

Q: Will the Dencun upgrade affect the security of layer-2 blockchains?

A: The Dencun upgrade primarily focuses on reducing costs and fees for layer-2 blockchains, rather than directly impacting their security. However, it’s important to note that layer-2 networks still rely on the security of the underlying layer-1 blockchain, which in this case is Ethereum. As long as the layer-1 blockchain remains secure, layer-2 blockchains built on top of it should also benefit from enhanced security.

Q: Are there any risks associated with using layer-2 blockchains?

A: Like any technology, layer-2 blockchains do come with certain risks. While they offer scalability and cost-effectiveness, there could be potential vulnerabilities or bugs that could be exploited. Additionally, layer-2 networks are still relatively new and under active development, so there may be unforeseen issues that arise. However, with proper security measures, audits, and continuous improvements, these risks can be mitigated.

Q: How can I get started with using layer-2 blockchains?

A: To use layer-2 blockchains, you’ll need to interact with applications and wallets that support these networks. Many popular decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms are already exploring integrations with layer-2 solutions, so keep an eye out for announcements from your favorite projects. Additionally, you may need to bridge your assets from layer 1 to layer 2, which usually involves following specific instructions provided by the layer-2 network or using dedicated bridge protocols.

Remember, always exercise caution and do thorough research before interacting with any new blockchain technology.

Q: What other layer-2 solutions exist apart from rollup networks?

A: Rollup networks are a significant category within layer-2 solutions, but they aren’t the only ones. There are other approaches, such as sidechains and state channels, that also aim to increase scalability and reduce costs. Each solution has its unique features and trade-offs, so it’s essential to understand the specifics of each technology and determine which one best suits your needs.

💡 Digging Deeper: Keep exploring the world of layer-2 blockchains by diving into the reference links provided above. Stay informed, ask questions, and join the community conversations to unlock the full potential of Ethereum and the innovative layer-2 solutions it offers!

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