The National Development and Reform Commission answered the reporter's question and asked about the blockchain: the formation of a new type of real economy under the digital economy
Source: Mars Finance
Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Central Network Information Office issued the “Implementation Plan for the National Digital Economy Innovation and Development Pilot Zone” (hereinafter referred to as the “Implementation Plan”). The relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission answered the reporter's questions on the relevant background, objectives and tasks and the next work arrangements.
Talking about the exploration of the key points of the national digital economy innovation and development pilot zone, the relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission said that the construction of the national digital economy innovation and development pilot zone will promote “four new”:
The first is to activate new elements and explore an efficient allocation mechanism for data production factors;
The second is to cultivate new kinetic energy, focus on the growth of digital economy productivity, and promote the deep integration of the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and the real economy;
The third is to explore new governance and build a new production relationship in the digital economy;
The fourth is to build new facilities and continuously strengthen the foundation of digital economic development.
It is worth noting that in the “nurturing new functions”, the relevant person in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission explicitly mentioned the blockchain: the digital transformation around the traditional industry is slow and the quality is not high, especially the manufacturing enterprises are “unwilling to transform, not dare to transform, Will not transform, and other issues, explore the common support platform for industrial digitalization and digital industrialization, promote the integration of new generation information technology such as big data, blockchain, artificial intelligence, reduce the threshold of enterprise transformation, shorten the transition cycle, and form a digital economy. The new form of real economy fosters new kinetic energy.
In April this year, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the "Guidance Catalogue for Industrial Structure Adjustment (2019, Draft for Soliciting Opinions)", which gave guidance on the adjustment of existing industrial structure from three categories: encouraged, restricted, and eliminated. Among them, “big data, cloud computing, information technology services and blockchain information services within the scope of the state” are among the encouraged projects.
In addition, on the morning of November 6, the Chinese government website issued the “Industrial Structure Adjustment Guidance Catalogue (2019)), which was revised by the National Development and Reform Commission. Upon examination, it was found that the “virtual currency mining” that was in the industry of elimination in the first consultation draft was deleted. According to the regulations, the elimination categories are mainly backward processes, technologies, equipment and products that do not meet the requirements of relevant laws and regulations, do not have safe production conditions, seriously waste resources, pollute the environment, and need to be eliminated. In the previous consultation draft, “virtual currency mining” was an item of unscheduled elimination or elimination plan, and the national industrial policy has been explicitly eliminated or immediately eliminated.
Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Central Network Information Office issued the “Implementation Plan for the National Digital Economy Innovation and Development Pilot Zone” (hereinafter referred to as the “Implementation Plan”). The relevant responsible comrades of the National Development and Reform Commission answered questions from reporters on the relevant background, objectives and tasks and the next work arrangements.
Q: At the 6th World Internet Conference, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Central Network Information Office held the kick-off meeting of the National Digital Economy Innovation and Development Pilot Zone, and issued the “Implementation Plan for the National Digital Economy Innovation and Development Pilot Zone”, which was highly concerned by all parties. . Can you tell us about the relevant background of the implementation plan?
A: At present, the global economy is increasingly showing digital characteristics, and human society is entering a new stage with digital productivity as the main symbol. The Party Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the development of the digital economy. General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly stressed that it is necessary to build a digital economy with data as the key factor, and under the guidance of new development concepts of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing, promote digital industrialization, industrial digitalization, and guide the digital economy and the depth of the real economy. Fusion. Premier Li Keqiang pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the digital economy, adhere to inclusive and prudent supervision, support the development of new modes of new business, and promote the healthy growth of the platform economy and the sharing economy.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, China’s digital economy has flourished. Digital technology has become the focus of a new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation. Digital transformation provides an important engine for cultivating new kinetic energy for economic growth. The digital economy has become an important part of building a modern economic system. According to estimates by relevant agencies, the average annual growth rate of China's digital economy has reached 20% in the past three years.
The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made strategic arrangements for building a network power, digital China, and a smart society. In accordance with the decision-making arrangements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the National Development and Reform Commission and relevant departments have continuously improved the digital economic policy system, promoted the implementation of the national big data strategy and the “Internet Plus” initiative, actively cultivated the development of digital new industries, and promoted the deep integration of the digital economy and the real economy. . While making positive progress, we also feel that the digital economy is still a new thing, many concepts need to accelerate the transformation, many unknown areas need to be explored and explored, and many management systems need innovative reforms.
To this end, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Central Network Information Office organized research and collection of issues for the whole society, in-depth analysis and research, and the issuance of the "National Digital Economy Innovation and Development Pilot Area Implementation Plan" in Hebei Province (Xiong New District), Zhejiang The province, Fujian Province, Guangdong Province, Chongqing Municipality, Sichuan Province and other countries have started the creation of the National Digital Economy Innovation and Development Pilot Zone.
The just-concluded Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee made an important deployment to uphold and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. To promote the construction of the national digital economy innovation and development pilot zone, we must take the spirit of Xi Jinping's new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics as the guide, fully implement the spirit of the Party's 19th and 19th Central, 3rd and 4th Plenary Sessions, adhere to the new development concept, and persist in With the supply-side structural reform as the main line, implement the national major regional strategic deployment and major reform tasks, carry out targeted reform experiments and explore the key issues of digital economic development, and form a set of typical practices that can be operated, copied, and promoted. Give play to the role of demonstration and radiation, effectively support the construction of modern economic system and high-quality economic development, and improve the level of modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
Q: What kind of exploration will be carried out in the National Digital Economy Innovation and Development Pilot Area, and how to reflect innovation and development.
A: The construction of the national digital economy innovation and development pilot zone will further highlight the problem-oriented and goal-oriented, systematically explore how to further enlarge and strengthen the digital industry, how to build a strong atmosphere of digital economic development, how to accelerate the digital transformation of the real economy, how to build More adapt to the production relations of digital productivity and progress, how to form a management system that meets the requirements of new formats such as platform economy and shared economy. Specifically, the focus is on promoting "four new."
The first is to activate new elements and explore an efficient allocation mechanism for data production factors. In view of the low openness of government data sharing and the insufficient flow of government and enterprise data, we will vigorously promote the openness of government data sharing, open up the data flow between government and enterprises, explore the policy system and mechanism of efficient and safe circulation and application of data, and improve the government. Industry, university and research use a collaborative innovation mechanism to break through a number of key technological innovations.
The second is to cultivate new kinetic energy, focus on the growth of digital economy productivity, and promote the deep integration of the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and the real economy. The digital transformation around traditional industries is slow and the quality is not high. In particular, the manufacturing enterprises are “reluctant to transform, dare not transform, and will not transform”. They explore the common support platform for industrial digitalization and digital industrialization, and promote big data and blocks. A new generation of information technology integration applications such as chain and artificial intelligence will lower the threshold of enterprise transformation, shorten the transition cycle, form a new type of real economy under the digital economy, and foster new development momentum.
The third is to explore new governance and build a new production relationship in the digital economy. Efforts will be made to solve the problems of traditional governance and supervision models that cannot meet the new requirements of the new development of the digital economy, accelerate the digital transformation of the government, explore a multi-participatory collaborative governance system, and inclusively develop a platform economy and share new economic formats. Actively participate in the formulation of international rules and standards, and serve a group of digital economic enterprises to “go global”.
The fourth is to build new facilities and continuously strengthen the foundation of digital economic development. In view of the low degree of networkization in some traditional industries and rural areas, and the low sharing of facilities such as data centers, systematically deploying broadband, mobile Internet, data centers, and electronic licenses and electronic archives to build platform facilities to serve the people. Huipan is a new infrastructure in the digital economy.
Q: The digital economy involves a wide range of topics, and there are many things that need to be explored and explored. What are the overall considerations when laying out the pilot zone, and what are the expected goals.
A: According to the national major regional strategic deployment, comprehensive consideration of the development of digital economy in various regions, the first-in-first-trial test will be carried out in areas where the preliminary work is deeper and the digital transformation is in the forefront and representative and leading.
Among them, Xiong'an New District focuses on exploring the full circulation mechanism of digital economic production factors, using government and enterprise data mechanisms to improve the use of smart cities, and to provide support for the coordinated development of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and the construction of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei world-class urban agglomerations.
Zhejiang Province will focus on exploring and constructing a new production relationship in the digital economy, accelerating the digital transformation of the government, and innovating a multi-dimensional coordinated governance system for the digital economy to help the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta.
Fujian Province focused on promoting the 20-year construction experience of “Digital Fujian”, deepening the integration of government data and social data, and conducting regional characteristic experiments around “digital silk road”, smart ocean and satellite applications.
Guangdong Province relies on the main carriers such as the Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District International Science and Technology Innovation Center to strengthen the rules and docking, focusing on the efficient allocation mechanism of digital economic innovation elements, and effectively supporting the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao Dawan District.
Chongqing and Sichuan Province will focus on exploring the development model of digital industry agglomeration, improve new infrastructure, carry out smart management of megacities, strengthen international cooperation in digital economy, focus on intelligent applications, and promote deep integration of Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and real economy. To achieve high quality development of Chengdu City Group.
After three years of exploration, we will strive to build a policy system that is compatible with the development of the digital economy in the experimental area.
Institutional environment, digital industrialization and industrial digitalization have achieved remarkable results, cracking a number of institutional and institutional obstacles, cultivating a number of leading digital economic enterprises, breaking through a number of key core technologies, creating a number of characteristic advantageous industries, and forming a number of innovative demonstration highlands, summarizing A number of innovative development experiences, the scale of the digital economy continues to grow, the contribution rate to the GDP of the experimental areas continues to increase, the penetration rate of industrial digitalization continues to deepen, the level of internationalization of the regional digital economy continues to increase, and the role of demonstration leading and radiation belts continues to increase.
Q: How will the construction of the national digital economy innovation and development pilot zone be promoted, how the national and local roles will be positioned, and how the test results will be guaranteed.
A: In general, it is necessary to integrate and pool all aspects of resources, increase coordination and advancement, and implement the test tasks in a pragmatic and efficient manner to ensure the targeted and demonstration effects of the tests.
First, give full play to the main role of the construction of each pilot area. The "Implementation Plan" requires that the pilot area should establish and improve the coordination and work promotion mechanism at the provincial level. Combine the test focus with the existing basic and advantageous conditions in the region, study and formulate the construction work plan, and refine the task list, the results list and the annual goals. At the same time, encourage the pilot area to strengthen institutional and institutional innovations and local regulations, do a good job in supporting supporting policies and relevant conditions, do a good job in connecting with relevant departments, and actively guide and stimulate investment in social resources.
The second is to increase policy coordination and support. Relying on the inter-departmental mechanism of the Inter-Ministerial Joint Conference on Big Data, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Central Network Office and relevant departments will strengthen guidance on the construction of pilot zones, and promote a number of policy pilots, facility pilots, application pilots, and special projects. The area is landing.
The third is to build a comprehensive innovation test carrier. Taking the industrial Internet platform and the public service platform as the main carriers of industrial digitalization, digital industrial parks and agglomeration areas are used as carriers of digital industrialization, and digital government and smart city construction are used as carriers for collaborative governance and new business development, and government guidance is strengthened. Promote industrial integration and promote pluralistic governance.
In the next step, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Central Network Information Office will organize research and demonstration on the construction work plan of the pilot area, and implement them one by one according to the maturity of the program.
Q: How to make the innovation and exploration experience of the pilot area effectively replicated and promoted, and what measures will be taken in the follow-up.
A: In the construction process of the pilot area, the method of rolling the annual reform test task will be adopted, and the evaluation and evaluation of the test progress and the results of the results will be organized regularly, and the mature policy reform measures and typical case demonstrations will be promoted to the whole country in time to form radiation. Drive the effect.
On the one hand, refining forms policy initiatives and strengthens the application. Timely summarizing the practice of reform measures in the pilot area, refining and forming policies. According to the annual evaluation of the reform experiment, the relevant departments of the business will formulate a list of reform measures and policy promotion according to the maturity level. Major reforms that are more mature and have basic support are promoted nationwide according to the procedures.
On the other hand, combing the typical characteristics of practices and strengthening the promotion of publicity. Summarize the innovation experience and highlights of the refining test area, organize on-site meetings, field research, symposiums for districts and case results, publish outstanding examples of digital economic reform experiments, strengthen exchange of experience results, and guide experimental and non-pilot areas. Accurate docking, carry out all-round guidance on concepts, policies, technology, talents, etc., and promote the effective promotion of excellent cases.
The development of the pilot zone for the development of digital economy innovation is a brand-new reform task. It faces many challenges, such as the concept of ideas, mechanisms, and laws and regulations. It is very difficult and meaningful. The National Development and Reform Commission and the Central Network Information Office will carry out extensive synergy and exchanges and consultations with various departments, localities and all walks of life, work together to innovate, promote the early construction of various pilot zones, and form a national digital economy as soon as possible. The potential of the original.